Sri Devi Kamakshi Sri Sri Sri Adi Sankara Sri Sri Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi MahaSwamiji Sri Sri Sri Jayendra Saraswathi Swamiji Sri Sri Sri Sankara Vijayendra Saraswathi Swamiji
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(HinduDharma: Puranas)
 
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News & Upcoming Events
Camp at Tirupati - 10 -24 October 2014
Vijayadashami- Poorthi Pariksha Certificates Distributed - 4 Oct. 2014
Navaratri Poorti- 3 Oct. 2014
Vatuka Bhairava Puja Performed - 2 Oct. 2014
Navaratri - Ayudha Puja Performed - 2 Oct. 2014
Navaratri - Chandi Homam Performed
Shri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham Veda Shivagama Pathashala, Sirkazhi - Certificates distributed
Sharada Navaratri Mahotsavam - 25 September- 4 October 2014
Sharada Navaratri at Bhopal
Sharada Navaratri at Satara
Vishwaroopa Yatra held on 9 Sep 2014
Vishwaroopa Yatra on 9 Sep 2014
Rig Upakarma Performed - 7 Sep. 2014
Convention of Hindu Mission Health Services - Federation Held at Srimatam - 7 September 2014
Sharada Navaratri at Bangaru Kamakshi Temple, Thanjavur - 23 Sep- 2 Oct 2014
Swamimalai - Veda Parayanam Performed - Aug-Sep. 2014
Sama Veda Sabha at Kolkata - 5 to 7 Sep. 2014

MALIK KAFUR :

Cengiz Khan (c. 1155 - 1227), regarded as one of the greatest military leaders produced by the world, conquered much of China and Central Asia. India escaped his fury although he came up to the Indus. This Mongolian conqueror was a Shamaist by faith. Timur (1336 - 1405), a Turko- Mongol and one of the flagitious characters known to history, was descended on his mother's side from Cenghiz Khan. His invasion of India, during the declining days of the Tughlaq dynasty is a story of butchery, loot and destruction. During the sack of Delhi he massacred 100, 000 Hindu prisoners. Mahmud of Gahzni, called the "Sword of Islam", led seventeen infamous expeditions to India (1000 - 1027). A perfervid iconoclast, he destroyed numerous temples, including the shrine of Somanatha, and enriched his Afghan capital with the loot brought from India. Malik Kafur, during the reign of Alauddin Khilji, started his Southern adventure in 1307. He went up to Ramesvaram and created havoc, wherever his expedition took him. He returned to Delhi in 1311 with immense booty.

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STHALA PURANAS :

Sthala Puranas are dealt with later in this part. They are essentially histories of places, especially those noted for temples. (They may be called "local Puranas").

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SCREWPINE FLOWERS :

"Tazhambu" in Tamil, Ketaki in Sanskrit.

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ACYUTARAYA:

Acyutaraya ruled the Vijayanagara empire between 1530 and 1542.

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KRSNADEVARAYA :

Krsnadevaraya (1509 - 30 ) was the greatest of the Vijayanagara rulers.

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TYAGARAJA :

For Tyagara see notes appended to Chapter 1, Part Six.

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NAGESVARA :

" Lord of Snakes".

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KANDASVAMI :

Kandasvami ( Skandasvami) is Subrahmanya.

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SRIVATSA SOMADEVASARMA :

Sri Somadevasarma passed away in 1973.

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PARASARA :

See a later paragraph to resolve any apparent contradiction.

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VALLABHACHARYA :

For Caitanya, see Notes, Chapter 8, Part Thirteen. Both Nimbarka (13th century) and Vallabhacarya (1479-1531) were Telugu Brahmins. The former settled in Mathura; the later was born in Varanasi.

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MURUGA :

Tamils know Skanda or Subrahmanya as Muruga or Kanda.

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PURANAS :

See Chapter 15 of this Part.

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ITIHASAS :

Explained later in this discourse.

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NAVINAM:

In Hindi the novel is called "upanyas".

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FORTY OR FIFTY YEARS AGO :

It must be some forty years since Paramaguru made this observation.

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DRAUPADI AMMAN KOYIL:

Temple of the goddess Draupadi.

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EKAIVA MURTIRBIBHIDE TRIDHA SA :

Ekaiva murtirbibhide tridha sa

Samanyamesam prathamavaratvam

Visnorharastasya Harih kadacid -

Vedhastayostavapi Dhaturadyau

- Kumarasambhavam, 7. 44

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DEVAR KURALUM :

"Know that the Thirukkural, the four Vedas, the Tevaram, the words of Agastya and Tirukovaiyar, the Tiruvacakam, and the Tirumantiram : teach the One Truth ".

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JEHOVAH, JOVE OR LORD :

This line occurs in Alexander Pope's "The Universal Prayer ".

Father of all ! in ev'ry age,

In ev'ry clime adored,

By saint, by savage, and by sage,

Jehovah, Jove or Lord !

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SUTA :

Suta was a disciple of Vyasa. (Sutas were a half caste and were generally charioteers or actors. )

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NAIMISARANYA :

Naimisaranya, on the banks of the Gomati river, was the hermitage of Saunaka and other sages.

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COWDUNG WATER :

Not perhaps a correct expression for "macerated cowdung. "

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KOLAM :

Designs drawn on the floor with dry or wet rice powder. Kolam is considered auspicious and is a ritual requirement. The word means "form" or "shape", "beauty", "ornament", "dress".

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RASABHASA :

See notes appended to Chapter 1, Part Three.

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GITA :

Na buddhibhedam janayed ajnanam karmasanginam

Josayet sarva-karmani vidvan yuktah samacaran.

- Bhagavatgita 3. 26

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TIRUKKAZHUKUNRAM :

This "sacred hill of the eagles " is in Cengalpattu district, Tamil Nadu.

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TAIPPUSAM:

Taippusam is a festival in honour of Subrahmanya and also Siva in certain places. It is celebrated in January- February. See Chapter 13, Part Six, for how "Tai" and "Pusam" are derived.

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KSETRA-MAHATMYAM :

"Ksetra-mahatmyam " means glory or greatness or exalted position of a sacred place.

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TIRUVIDAIMARUDUR:

The places mentioned in this para (as also in the previous one) are in Tamil Nadu.

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TIRUKKULAMBIYAM :

The place associated with the sacred hoof.

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SUNDARESVARA :

Minaksi is Parvati and Sundaresvara is Siva. The two are deities of the famous Madurai temple.

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MAYURAM :

Also known as Mayiladuturai.

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TIRUMANANJERI:

The Tamil place names in this story are significant. For instance, "Tirumananjeri " suggests the place where the wedding (of Siva and Parvati) was held, "Kurumulaippali" the place where the palika grains germinated.

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BRAHMIN :

Supporters of the Aryan-Dravidian theory - particularly politicians among them - claim that all brahmins, including those in the South are Aryans.

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PATITA - PAVANA :

One who liberates the sinner; one who raises up the fallen.

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TARAKA RAMA :

Rama, the liberator; Rama who takes the devotee across from wordly existence or samsara.

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TANJAVUR :

The great temples of Brhadisvara, called Periya Koyil in Tamil.

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INDIA :

See notes, Chapter 8, Part Five.

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About "Hindu Dharma"
"Hindu Dharma" is a book which contains English translation of certain invaluable and engrossing speeches of Sri Sri Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi MahaSwamiji (at various times during the years 1907 to 1994).
For a general background, please see here
 
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