celibate-student must perform samidadhana every day, beg for his
food and take no salt. If he is a Brahmin he must keep a
staff(danda) or palasa, if he is a ksatriya a staff of asvattha.
The vaisya brahmacarin has a staff of udumbara. The staff helps
the student to retain his learning. It is similar to the
lightening conductor or the aerial and is scientifically valid as
to "fix" these hymns. That is why it should be kept-to
safeguard the treasure called the Vedas that the student has
acquired. The brahmacarin must wear the skin of the black
antelope(krsnajina) and must not wear any upper cloth. There are
rules the electrician has to observe for his safety: he must
stand on a rubber plank or wear rubber gloves during work.
Similarly there are rules prescribed by our great men of the past
to protect the Atmic electricity, the Atmic energy.
we perform upakarma as a one-day ceremony without keeping up the
study of the Vedas. We do not go through the utsarjana at all.
For our failure to do it we mutter a mantra in expiation, the
mantra called "Kamokarsit"which says, " I did not
sin. Kama(desire) did it. Anger did it. . . " There is no
need to repeat this mantra if we perform the utsarjana.
implies adherence to a number of rules with regard to food, the
performance of rites and the observance of vratas. If a
brahmacarin makes any mistake in chanting the Vedas, in matter of
tone or enunciation, he must do penance for the same on upakarma
day. On this occasion he eats no more than a few sesame seeds;
otherwise he fasts the whole day; and on the following day he
offers 1,008 sticks of the palasa in the sacred fire chanting
the Gayatri. He should do this every year. Nowadays brahmacarins
perform this rite only on the day following the first upakarma
following the upanayana. Actually this a rite all Brahmins are
expected to perform, though we find today householders doing only
Gayatri-japa. When you merely mutter the mantra you feel sleepy
and you may go wrong in the japa. But such will not be the case
if you also perform a homa as you chant the Gayatri. Sticks
offered in the fire must be those of palasa, if not of the
asvattha; darbha grass may be used if the other two are not
mealtime the student can have his fill. The only restriction is
that he must not give free rein to his appetite. He must beg for
his food for such a practice makes him humble. The sastras do not
require him to fast. The student must be nourished properly
during his growing years. But he must, at the same time, learn to
develop sattvic qualities and there must be nothing rude or rough
about him. It is by serving his guru that these qualities are
inculcated in him.
the twelve years in the gurukula the student must learn his
recension of the Vedas and also the caturdasa-vidya. On
completion of his stay in the gurukula he performs the
samavartana, returns home and marries.
"Hindu Dharma" is a book
which contains English translation of certain invaluable and
engrossing speeches of Sri Sri Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi MahaSwamiji (at
various times during the years 1907 to 1994).
For a general background, please see here