Sri Devi Kamakshi Sri Sri Sri Adi Sankara Sri Sri Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi MahaSwamiji Sri Sri Sri Jayendra Saraswathi Swamiji Sri Sri Sri Sankara Vijayendra Saraswathi Swamiji presents several different aspects of The official web site for Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham, Kanchipuram, India.
   Home    |   Announcements    |   Tour Programme    |   Audio & Video    |   Image Gallery    |   Acknowledgements    |   Sitemap   
     About the Peetham    |   Origin of the Peetham    |   About this web site    |   Contact Us    |   Search   
  Use this link for a Printer Friendly version of this page   Use this link  to share this page on Facebook    Use this link  to share this page on Twitter    Use this link  to share this page on Pinterest    Use this link  to share this page on Google Plus    
!New: Sri Adi Sankara
Branches, Temples and Patasaalas
Hindu Dharma
Acharya's Call
Voice of Sankara
Personal Experiences
Sri Adi Sankara
Namo Namah
Naamavali / Pushpaanjali
Ear of the Vedapurusa
(HinduDharma: )
Receive pages from Hindu Dharma in your email
News & Upcoming Events

Pujyashri Acharyas to bless programmes in Chennai tomorrow - 22 April 2017 (Saturday)

HH Pujyashri Shankara Vijayendra Saraswathi Shankaracharya Swamigal will bless the Akhanda Tirupugazh programme by Tirupugazh Anbargal at Hemamalini Kalyana Mandapam at 4 pm .

HH Pujyashri Jayendra Saraswathi Shankaracharya Swamigal and HH Pujyashri Shankara Vijayendra Saraswathi Shankaracharya Swamigal will bless the Sangeeta Mummoortigal Tiruvizha at Vani Mahal, TNagar, at 6 pm.

information itemLaunched - - to facilitate online contributions for sevas
information item Shrimatam camp at Chennai Thoraipakkam - 24 April onwards
information item Anugraha Bashanam at Chennai - 19 April - Audio Added
information item Ratha Parayana Poorthi- 19 April 2017
information item Veda Parayanam held at Swamimalai - 4 Mar - 1 Apr 2017
information item  Shankara Jayanti Mahotsavam at Shrinagar, Jammu & Kashmir - 23 April - 30 April 2017
information item Sri Shankara Jayanti at Tiruvannamalai Sankara Matam - 24 - 30 April 2017
information item Sri Kamakshi Ambal on Swarna Simha Vahanam- 30 March 2017
information item Pujyashri Acharyas return to Kanchipuram - 23 March 2017
information item  श्री काँची कामकोटि पीठम - हिन्दी में समाचार
information item

Nirukta serves the purpose of a Vedic dictionary, or "kosa". A dictionary is also called a "nighantu", which term is used in Tamil also. Nirukta, which deals with the origin of words, their roots, that is with etymology, is the ear of the Vedapurusa. It explains the meaning of rare words in the Vedas and how or why they are used in a particular context. Many have contributed to Nirukta, the work of Yaksa being the most important.

Take the word "hrdaya" (heart). The Vedas themselves trace its origin. "Hrdayam" is "hrdi ayam" : it means that the Lord dwells in the heart. "Hrd" itself denotes the physical heart. But with the suffixing of "ayam" - with the Lord residing in it - its Atmic importance is suggested. The purpose of any sastra is to take you to the Supreme Being. "Hrdaya" is so called because Paramesvara resides in "hrd". Thus each and every word has a reason behind it. Nirukta makes an inquiry into words and reveals their significance.

"Dhatu" means "root" in English. In that language one speaks of the root only of verbs, not of nouns. In Sanskrit all words have dhatus. Such words, transformed or modified, must have been adopted in other languages. That is why we do not know the root of many words in these tongues. After all, such an exercise would be possible only if the words in question belonged naturally to them. Take the English work "hour". Phonetically it should be pronounced "h o u r" ("h" being not silent) or "h o a r". At one time the word indeed must have been pronounced "hoar". "Hora-sastra" is the name of a science in Sanskrit, "hora" being from "ahoratram" (day and night). "Hora" is two and half nadikas or one hour. The English "hour" is clearly from this word. In the same way "heart" is from "hrd". There are so many words like this which could be traced to Sanskrit. It must have taken a long time for words in other languages to evolve into their present form. That is why those who speak them find it difficult to discover their origin [or root].

How does it help to listen to someone speaking a language without understanding what he says? It is as good as not listening to him. In other words it is like being deaf. Nirukta finds the meaning of words by going to the root of each. That is why it is called the ear of the Vedapurusa: it is the ear of Sruti which itself is heard by the ear.

Western scholars learned Vyakarna and Nirukta from pandits in Kasi and acquainted themselves with the origin of words as described in the latter sastra. From this they developed the new science of philology. It is primarily from our Vyakarana and the Nirukta that the linguistic science has developed.

From their researches, Western scholars have arrived at the conclusion that all languages have one source. People all over the world are the descendants of the original inhabitants of the area where this primal language was spoken. There are differences of opinion with regard to this area, the home of this tongue. We need have no worry about it. After all, we believe that all places on earth are our home. "Yadum mure!" is a famous Tamil declaration. "Svadeso bhuvanatrayam" - the three worlds are our motherland.

About "Hindu Dharma"
"Hindu Dharma" is a book which contains English translation of certain invaluable and engrossing speeches of Sri Sri Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi MahaSwamiji (at various times during the years 1907 to 1994).
For a general background, please see here