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This hymn of praise is devoted to Lord Mahesvara who is the inseparable companion of Um who represents his akti. The nondifference between the akti and aktiman is given an anthropomorphic form in the half male female Ardhanrvara in temples. These two otherwise called Prvat and Paramevara by klidsa in his song of invocation in Raghuvama are rightly compared by him to that eternally inseparable pair the word and sense, vk and artha, a truth which Ktyyana, the grammarian states in his first vrttika, viz. `Siddhe abdrthasam bandhe..' (when word, its meaning and their relation are learnt to be eternal...). The beginning of every verse us marked by the Packaara.

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Nama ivbhym navayauvanbhym
Parasparlia - vapurdharbhym
Namo nama akara prvatibhym(1)

Obeisance to iva and iva (Um) the eternally young pair who hold each other's body in mutual embrace. I offer again and again my obeisance to akara and Prvat, the one with the bull for his banner and the other beloved daughter of the king of mountains (Himavn).

`Being ever young' indicates that they have no beginning or end. Prvati, the daughter of Himavan even by her hard penance `tapa samdhi' (vividly described by Klidsa in his Kumrasambhava), won the heart of iva and his hand too, nay, one half of his body. The word iva means the source of auspiciousness.

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Nama ivabhym sarasotsavbhym
Namo Nama akarapvatbhym(2)

Obeisance to iva and iva to whom gay festivals are performed, who grant the things desired by the suppliants and whose feet are worshipped by Nryana. Obeisance to ankara and Prvat ever and anon.

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Nama ivbhym vsavhanbhym
Namo nama akaraprvatbhym(3)

Obeisance to iva and iva mounted on the sacred bull who are worshipped with devotion by Brahm, Viu, Indra. More and more of obeisance to ankara and Prvati who are smeared with the holy ash and saffron.

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Nama ivbhym jagadsvarbhym
Jagatpatibhym jayavigrahbhym
Jambhrimukhyair abhivanditbhym
Namo nama akaraprvatbhym(4)

Obeisance to iva and his consort, the God and Goddess of the Universe, the Overlords of the worlds, the embodiment of success. Obeisance for ever to akara and Prvati who are saluted by Indra and others.


Nama ivbhym Paramauadhbhym
Packar pajararajitbhym
Namo nama akaraprvatibhym(5)

Obeisance to iva and His consort, that whom there is no other medicine (to cure the ills of the spirit). They delight in the cage of the pentad of holy syllables. They are the authors of the cosmic deeds of creation, sustenance and dissolution of the universe. To them I offer my repeated salutations.


Nama ivbhym atisundarbhym
Atyantam sakta-hdambujbhym
Namo nama akaraprvatibhym(6)

Obeisance to iva and His consort in whom one finds the acme of beauty, and whose lotus-like hearts are closely drawn to each other. I salute ever and anon akara and Prvat who ever do good to all the worlds.

١ Ź١

Nama ivbhym kalinanbhym
Namo nama akaraprvatibym(7)

Obeisance to iva and iv who destroy the evils of this dark age. They assume a form marked at once by skeletal frame and auspicious things. I offer repeated salutations to the divine pair, the denizens of Kailsa.

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Nama ivbhym aubhpahbhym
Akunthitbhym smtisambhtbhym
Namo nama akaraprvatibhym(8)

Obeisance to iva and His consort who dispel all evils, who constitute the Supreme Being of all the worlds, whose power is unimpeded and who are reached by following the Smtis. I offer my salutations to akara and Prvat.

St. Jnasambvandha assures the people that those who worship the Lord of the `Karavira ketra' will not be afflicted by sorrows of mundane existence (I.58-6), The Devi Mhtmyam similarly affirms: ``Those who meditate on the Canik persistently will be free from all fear and illness, reap everlasting glory and ultimatelly liberation' - Devdhynam 29 - 30.

١ ڛ١

Nama ivbhym rathavhanbhym
Namo nama akara-prvatbhym(9)

Obeisance to iva and his spouse mounted on the chariot; they have the sun, moon and fire for their eyes; their lotus-like face resembles the full moon. Let me offer my stream of salutations to akara and Prvat.

That the Sun, moon and fire are the three eyes of iva indicates that He is the source of all lights - jyotim jyoti; and that He is the witness of every thing in the world at all times and that He is the illuminer of Jna by dispelling the darkness of ignorance or avidy.

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Nama ivbhym jailandharbhym
Jarmtibhym ca vivarjitbhym
Janrdanbjodbhava pjitbhym
Namo nama akaraprvatbhym(10)

Obeisance to iva and His Consort with matted locks of hair. They are free from old age and mortality. I salute incessantly akara and Prvati who are worshipped by Janrdana and Lotus-born Creator.

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Nama ivbhym Vimekabhym
obhvati-ntavati varbhym
Namo nama akaraprvatibhym(11)

Obeisance to iva and His spouse with three eyes and who were a garland wreathed with `bilva' and jasmine. I offer again and again salutation to akara and Prvat, the Divine pair marked by beauty and serenity.

It was the third eye of Lord iva that burnt to ashes Cupid, the egoistic God of love who used flowers as weapons against the Yogi iva. He is extremely pleased with the flowers offered in wreaths with devotion and humility.

١ Ÿ١

Nama ivbhym pauplakbhym
Jagattrayrakaa baddahrdbhym
Namo nama akaraprvatibhym.(12)

Obeisance to iva and His Consort who protect the souls. Their heart is ever set in protecting all the three worlds. My obeisance goes to them for ever, akara and Prvat who are adored by all the gods and demons like.

`Paupati' is the appellation of iva that occurs in the famous ri Rudram. It proclaims the fostering carte that iva bestows on the souls in redeeming them from the shackles of `amsra' by extending His Grace which in other words is called Arul akti' and iva, the Devi is that akti inseparable from him.

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㸨㸸ٸť ٸ

Stotrsam tridsandhyam ivaprvatbhym
Bhakty pahed dvdaakam naro ya
Sa sarvasaubhgyaphalni bhukte
atur ante ivalokam eti.(13)

One who recites with devotion this hymn of praise of twelve verses on iva and Prvat in the morning, noon and evening, shall enjoy the fruits of prosperity in full, lives for one hundred years and finally reach ivaloka.

This verse in the form of `phalaruti' stresses the effect of `amkrtana', a mean of liberation far simpler than others like the method of yoga and jna. We may recall what Sridhara Venkatea popularly known as Ayyvl says in bhyati, `Hundreds of vedic khs, puras and gamas are not capable of removing the ills of worldly existence which however can be removed only by ``ivanmabhajanqa' (V.7). This hymn of akara demonstrates this truth.