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Atma Vidya Vilasamu         Chapters          Last Page

 

JLi

$ gRiVLRiV˳[ ssVM

AR sysxqssVV

sRLRiV sNRP syxqsLi

xmsVRLRi s؃s sVVjRNRPLSsV e

NRP胫s [bPNRP sWRLi

\ZNPsss NRPsLi ss[ ee 1

y ee sV¿VNRPV ¿[LRiVsgS ؃ssVVyszqsR\sVs FyxmsRsVV gRiy\ c AjsVV\s gRiVLRiVNRPRV sLSV RVyRV. ZNP[s؃sLiRsVVsNRPV sVWNRPLiR\sVs A gRiVLRiVsosNRPV sVV RVysV.

ssLRisVV :

xqsLiryLRis[V INRP sV¿V. ER][ sVsxqsLjiLiRVsV. xqsLiryLRisVVsV @[. sV᪫s ys sxqsQXNTPs @LiRsVV[RV.

"sV' @sVsj xqsLiryLRisVVsV xqsWLiRV yVsW. ysNTP ¿[LRiVsgS sVs gRiVLRiVso xmsLRisWR[V; xmsLRixs[V! xmsLRix xqssjRVLiRV sWRV C saRP*xqsXztsQs rygjiLiRVRVsj.

""sVsW[V saRP*Li˳sVRVzqs xmsLRix sVzztsQ'' ee

c rLiRLRixLji.

xmsLRixsW! ysNTP INRP RssVV [RV, ys RVLi]NRP sNSLRisVV sLixmsRV. @j sR xqsR sxqsVso. ZNP[s ؃ysLiRsVV[ ys LRiWxmssVV.

@LiRV¿[Rs[ c ؃ssVVR][ szqsV FyxmsRsVV gRiyRsRVV c ZNP[s؃sLiRsVVsNRPV sVWNRPLiR\sVs yRsRVV sZaP[xtsQ᪫sVVV yRsV. @ A xmsLRixsVVsV gRiVLRiVsogS OTPQLi c yss [LRiVN]s c @R*RV ˳تss][ sVVNTP䃫s yRV saS*dRV\ xmsNSbPLiRVsV. "@R[ y\s' @LSLRiVsV.

sWRVNRPV @s*][RV C gRiVLRiVsVWLji򹸅[V ROTPQ sVWLji RVs ssVLixmssV. "ROTPQ᪫sVV' @sgS sVVRj. "DRLRisVV' @sgS RLRiVyj. sVVRj xmsLRisWR. RLRiVyj xmsNRPX, sWRV. sVVRj sVWLji RVgRiV¿[ A xmsLRisWR ROTPQتsVWLji.

؃ss[V ARVsLRiWxmssVV. FsR s[؃ssVVssV @ @sVLiT c ARVssVLiT s胫s[ ! ؃syR[VNRPy gRiVLRiVso. @LiRV¿[ A ROTPQتsVWLji AjsVgRiVLRiVsVWLji. ARVs ZNP[s؃sLiRsVVsNRPV sVWNRPLiR\sVsyRV. "AssLi } s؃y`' c @s aRPV }msL]䃫sVRVs sxtsQRVsVV WgjisVNRPV @sV˳szqsR\sVsj.

BV $xqsybPs }LiR xqsLRixqs*RVV c sWRW NSLRiQ\sVs CsxqsQXRxqsLiryLRisVVsNRPV sVWsVLiRVs ؃ysLiRsVRV\sVs xmsLRixsVVsV }msL]s c yssgRiWLji胫s ssVssVVsV c @ճsVVxmssXs c xmnsRsVVgS @[ y\sRVVs GNRPR*zqss c ssVzqsQRWLRiWxmssVVs gRiLiyLRiLi˳sVVs sTLi RVVyLRiV.

gRiLiRsVV ARsysxqssVV gRiLiyLRiLi˳sVVsLiR LiVWsVLigRiؿRLRi a][NRPsVV c gRiLiRsVV[s xqsLRi*Q\sVs sxtsQRVsVVsNRPVsV @RsVV xmsVRVLiRV sZaP[xtsQsVV.

sLRisj xqsLixqsX dsLRij

sxmsR s yLRi xqsVLRi_NSsV e

xmsLRisVR ˳[Rs xmnsVVNSLi

xmsLRisVbPs[s FyRVNSLi _sV ee 2

yee xmsLRisVbPs[LiR$gRiVLRiVFyRVNRP @FyLRi\sVs xqsLiryLRi xqssVVRsVVsT gjigjiزRVRVs sxqsLi][xsVVsV xqssVVRLjiLiRV _NRP. BRLRisVRsVV s ¿LiRV j_xtsQj\Vs A$gRiVLRiVFyRVNRPNRPV sVVNRPVRVysV.

ssLRisVV :

$ xmsLRisVbPs[LiR xqsLRixqs*d sVry*sVyLRiV NSsVN][ {mshRisVV sjztsQLis gRiRVLRiVso xmsLRiLixmsLRiNRPV ¿LijsyLRiV. dsLji NSsVVs (yyxmso 200 xqsLi.V) s[ NSsVN][ {mshRisVV NRPVLi˳|mnsW᪫sVV[ DLiTj. Cry*sVyLRiV s[Rs[yLigRi sVVRVLiRV xmnsVsRLRi\sRVxtsQsVV NRPyLRigRiV[V NSNRP g]xms LSWgRiVV. dsLRiV xqsybPs}LiRxqsLRixqs*RVNRPV gRiVLRiVsoV.

RssV, sVlLiLiRLji[ CsWRWsVRV xqsLiryLRi xqssVVRsVVsVLiT xqssVVRLjiLi xxmsRsVVsV [Lji c ¿[LRiVRVs AgRiVLRiVsLRiVs xmspFyRVNRPsV gRiLiyLRiLi˳sVVs ˳NTP][ xqsLixqsLjiLi sVVNRPVRVyLRiV.

FyRVNRP @sgS NS ¿xmsV. (xmsRs[ @sRWB FyRVNSM, FyRWlLi[s FyRVNS.) $gRiVLRiVso NS¿xmsVV \|qsRsVV bPxtsvNRPV sLiRsVV[ NRPy !

sVLjiRVV c "Fyy` RVLjiRR*Liry` NSsVyLRi xmsxmspLRiػ`. FyRVNSysV sy' ......

FyssVV c RVLjiR (Fyxms) yaRPsVV c NSsVyLRixmspLRi᪫sVV @sV sVWRV xmssVsV ARLjiLiRVsj @s VxmsoNRPV c AsVWRVxmsRsVV ARQORPQLRisVVsV [Lji "FyRVNRP' @syLRiV c @sj s[L]NRP @LRisVV. @xmsoRV FyRVNRP xmsLRisVbPs[LiRVNRPLi s[\lLisj NSRV. sVLjiRVV GNRPsRssVV.

@sgS FyLi c FyxmssVVsV [g] c NSsVRsVV sV ryjLiRV xmsLRisVbPs[LiR$gRiVLRiVsoNRPV ssVryLRisVs @LRisVV.

NSgS xmsLRisVbPs[LiRV LRiWxmssVVs NSbPLiRVRVs xmsLRixs[V BLiRV ssVLixms sV.

BV \ssLiRs gRiVLRiVsLiRssVV ؿRLjiLi $xqsybPs WgkiLiRVV xqs*sxtsQRVsVVsV rysLiRVRVyLRiV.

[bPNRP xmsLRisV bPs[y[aRP

sa][RVR jssVzsWxsV e

ry*Rs saSsNRPX[

xqsLRixqsLi xmsrsV NTPjRsV ee 3

yee xqsRVLRiVso\s $xmsLRisVbPs[LiRV A[aRPsVV¿[ y[ INSNRP jsQ\sVs sVxRQ*sVV s[VVN]sj. @LiRV¿[ ry*RsxtsvR\s xmsNSbPLixmsg][Lji s[sR xqsLRixqssVVgS N]Li¿sVV xmsrysLiRVRVysV.

ssLRisVV :

gRiVLRi*sVgRixsVV[NRP FsssNTPs GsVRVVsV zqsjLixmsRV. ]VR gRiVLRiVsosLiRV c "xmsLRisWR LiVWRRV' @s ˳تssVVsV szms cyss sxqsLjiLixms [RVVRV c "xqsLRi*Li xsVRVLi' @s @sV˳sbPLRisVVsV [LRiVN]ssRVVsV. Bj yLji.

@V NSNRP, FssRV, RsNRPV ؃syR\Vs gRiVLRiVsosLi[ xmsLRisWRVjs ("xmsLRisWR ؃yNRPX. @R[ $gRiVLRiV LRiWxmssVVs ssV @sVgRizLiRV RVyRV' y[s @؃s sVLRisVVsV LRi][VRVyRV @sT ˳تssVVsV) sVxmso N]s][ c BNRP y[sV ryjLiRVsV?

@LiRVsss[ c ""xqs gRiVLRiVs[VyճgRi¿[` xqssVRVaRPxmnsFyM'' @sj aRPV. (xmsLRisWR sVLigRi g][LjisyRV c gRiVLRiVsosNRPV szqss xmsyLRisVVV (xqssVR[ c xmsLi][ c RLRi[) ¿[RVN]s FLiVV gRiVLRiVsos[ AaRPLiVVLixmsssV.

xqsybPs[LiRVyLRiV RsV ryRs¿[ gRiVLRiVsosV sVLis bPxtsvQ\ xmsNSbPLiyLRiV. @LiVVssV ARVs RXztsQ[ gRiVLRiVs[ \ssVV, gRiVLRiso RLRiVy[ \ssVV. A sVxdsRVVs gRiVLRiV ˳NTP sLRiVxmssWssVV.

s[sV y aRPNTP rysVLRiQsVV sVV][ BLiRyR\s ss yLRiV ¿xmsVN]s[RV. gRiVLRi*sVgRixsVV ssLiRysgRi [zqssRyLRiV. [NRPsVV yLjigRiVLRiV˳NTPs ARLRi+sVVgS dzqsN]s RsVVysVV xqsLjijRV N]sssV.

g][ry*sV RV{qsyxqsV $LSsVRLjiRsWsxqsLRiRssVV "ry*sxqsV=ظRV' @LiVVsV c xqsybPsoV RsV LiVW "ARsysxqssVV' "ry*Rs saSsNRPX[' (AR xmsyLRisVVs saSLi ssV˳sLiRVNRPV @s ¿xmsVN]syLRiV.)

xsR*LRiVRV sLiRsVVsNRPV ][xRNSLRiV\s xmssVsV sWRs[V ARLjiLiRVsV. sLiRs[V gRiLiR xmsWssVV.

BV [sy c gRiVLRiV c sLiRs c gRiLiR xmsWssVVsV [L]s xmsLRisWRxqs*LRiWxmssVVsV ssLjiLiRVRVyLRiV.

sLRiVxmssV c sR c sLkix

sxtsQ c sLSRV c sLRiVNSLRiM e

sgRiR xqsLRi* sNRPM

aRPV][ VRaRPNSzqs xmsLRisWy ee 4

yee ry[s\ c sRQ\sV c G N][LjiNRPVsV [s\ c @LiR\sV c sWRWLRizR\sV c sLRiV\sV c xqsLiNRPsNRPsVVV [s\ c aRPVR\sVc ؃ssVRV\sV xmsLRisWRxqs*LRiWxmssVV sLSV RVsj.

ssLRisVV :c

ry[sj :c [s\ZNPNRPsV FNRPsV [L]䃫s sRV胫sV gSs c xmsLRisWR xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV gRiWLji "BRLicBRLi' (Bj c BV) @s Vxmso ryRsVV NSRV. AyճssVVgRi sVLiRV[V ksNTP gSLRi᪫sVV. @LiRVsss[ @j yNRPVNRPV @LiRsj (RV][ y][ssLRis[) @s aRPV VxmsoRVsj.

sRsVV :c GsxqsVQ\sssV @j xmsoVNRPV DLiRRV. sbPLis zmssV sRVVLiR s[LRiRV. DRNTP RVsVVsNRPV sTsV NSsVLi[ GsxqsVQ\sssV ˳zqsLiRVRVsj. xmsLRisWRNRPV DR[RV. sRVsVV[RV. @LiRV¿[ @RRV sRVRV. @RRV NSؼdRVRV.

GN][LjiNRPV [sj :c aRPLkiLRiyLRiVNRPV N][LjiNRP VLiRVsV. aRPLkiLRisVV c BLijRVsVVV. sVsxqsV, Vj c dssRVLiR yyRQsVVsss[ (Bs[ s[sV @sVN]sV sss[) G N][LjiNRP \VssV sLiRVsV. B yyRQsVV [s][s[ xmsLRisWysV˳ssVV zqsjLiRVsV. [}LijRV yyRQsVV @LiRLjiLisxmsoRV gSs xmsLRisWysV˳ssVV NRPVgRiRV. A yyRQsVV ]gjis][ N][LjiNRPV DRLiVVLiRV ZNP[ @sNSaRPsVV [RV. @LiRV¿[ xmsLRisWR "sLkixRV' @sTyRV.

@LiRsVV :c LiRsVV @sgS sVVNRP; ˳gRisVV. xmsLRisWRxqs*LRiWxmssVV @LiRsV sLiTRVVsj. ys[ LiRsVVNRPV ˳gRisVVNRPV @sNSaRP##s[V [RV. @LiRV¿[ @j @LiRsVV.

sWRWLRizRsVV :c xqsLiryLRisVV sWRW sxqssVV. xmsLRisWR sWRWdRVRV. sVs BLijRVsVVV c @LiRMNRPLRi᪫sVV BssRVV yFLiVVss[ xmsLRisW][xms. @R sWRV[RV.

sLRiV᪫sVV :c xqsR*gRiV᪫sVV c LRi[gRiV᪫sVV c RsWgRiV᪫sVV @s gRiV᪫sVVV sVWRV. sVsRVLik sVWTLi[ s[][ VVNRP RV LSs[VV RVLiRVsV. INRPxmsoRV xqsR*gRiV᪫sVV; s[L]NRPxmsoRV LRi[gRiV᪫sVV [NRP RsWgRiV᪫sVV BV [][ VVNRP gRiVxmsNSaRPsVVsNRPV NTP sVssVVLiRVsVV. C gRiV᪫sVVVsV sWRWxqs*LRiWxmss[V. @LiRV¿[Rs[ sWRV "gRiVؼNRP' @ssV. sWRWLRizRVRVNRPy xmsLRisWR. @LiRVss ARVs sLRiVVRV.

sNSLRisVVV [sj :c xmso c |msLRiVgRiV sVVRgRiV sNSLRisVVV xmsLRisWRRVLiRV [so.

aRPVRsVV :c @ssxqsV xqsLixmsLRi䪫sVV N]Li¿sVVsV [s RgRiV¿[ xmsLRisWRxqs*LRiWxmssVV aRPVRsVV.

B\s xmsLRisWRxqs*LRiWxmssVV xqsLRi*R xqsLRi*y sLSV RVsj. NSs gRiVLRi*sVgRixsVV [NRP c ds ryRs[NRP @j @sV˳ssVVsNRPV @LiRRV.

@syLjiNRP :c

xmsLRisWR xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV ssLjiLi c xqsLiryLRiRV\s sos c ryRNRPVs c zqsRVs gRiWLji ssLjiLiRVRVyLRiV.

ry*s\QNRP sRM

NRPVLRi*s NRPLS sVVxsWsxqs=s e

\y j*RWRsM

ry*R؃ysVs LRiRV ee 5

yee Rs @؃ss[V RsV NRP s[RVgS sWxsVgRiVQQ\ G[ NRPLRiyRLjiLiRVRV, xqsLixqsLjiLiRVRVs soRV c \ysVgRixsVV¿[ @؃sFyaRPsVV s郫ssVVNSgS c "Bjg][ ! Bk s[sV!' @s @RQ\sVs Rs LRiWxmssVV sLjiLigji, @LiRV ssy\ (ARsxtsv\) ss\V sLSV RVyRV.

ssLRisVV:c

sWRWdRVRV xmsLRisWR. sWRWsaRPVRV soRV, AsLjiLis sWRVsV ]gjiLixmsgS y[ dsRV; ds[ yRV.

@؃ss[V LiRNSLRi᪫sVV. @؃ssVV @sgS s [sV. [sj LiR\sV FsV NRP s[RVgRiRV? NSgS LiR sVsj NRPWR yxqsssVVsNRPV [s[ !

"saRP c sWORPQaRP sVX\|tsQs sVWyM'

c ss[NRPRWysV.

(LiRsVVgRiWLji [RV. sWORPQsVVsW [RV. lLiLiRVsV @xqsRsVV[.)

RVRsV @sj ˳Li. A˳Lis ]gjiLiRVNRPV sWORPQQ˳Lis NRPLiRV LRiVgRiVRVsj. RRVsVV xmss Rs ˳LiRV\s ysNTP c RRVsVV sRsRs ˳Lis gRigjiLixmsssV. @xmsoRV yRV xqs*xqsVRgRiVsV. @V[ xqsLiryLRi RVRss ˳Li[ sVs yss xqs*xqsVsLjiLiRVNRPV c sVVNRPVR\ss. LiRsVV ]gjisRs ˳Lis NRPgjiLixmsssV. BV C ˳Li¿[ A˳Li ss[RVTsxmsoRV xqs*Rzqs=R\sVs ARxqs*LRiWxmssVV FsLRiVNRPNRPV @LiRVsV.

@LiVV[ BRLiR [NRP NSRV. xmsLRisWR Fssss @sVgRizLiRV[ @RRV sWRs[V @؃ssVVsV ][zqsLSsVNRPV xmspsVN]sVsV. \ysVgRixsVV [s][ c FsLiR Rjss y\ssV c C [sys xmsVsVLiT (sWRWLiRsVVsVLiT) RzmsLiRVN]sRV.

@LiRVsss[ aRPV "RVs[V\sxtsQ sXV[' c Fssss xmsLRisWR sLjiLiRV[' .... @sj

yssL][ FsLRiVNRPNRPV @LijsxmsoRV c @sV˳ssVVsNRPV NTP sxmsoRV c BNRP sVLji yRV sWزRRV. ys LiVVLijRVsVVV sxtsQRWxqsNRPsVVV NSso. sVsxqsV Rs RssVVsV g][[sosV. @zqs[ yRV ss NSNRP GsVgRiVsV?

@syFyaRPRVRV soRV. \ysVgRixsVV¿[ LiR ¿[RsVVsNRPV DRVNRPVQ\syRV ryRNRPVRV. AR؃s xqsLixmssVRV zqsRV\ssVVs.

@؃s sysVgRiVsNRPV gRiVLRiWxms[aRP##s[V s[VVN]Vxmso @sVRVyLRiV.

sWRWsZaP[s xqsVF

sV[ xmsaRPs xqsxaRPaRPM xqs*Fys e

[bPNRP sRM xmsV][

ksyss yLji_ N][7zms ee 6

yee sWRVNRPV NTP sR[ T c Fs[ NRPsV gSLiRVRV NRPsLRixmsRVRVs yLji[ INSNRPRV $gRiVLRiVs Dxms[aRPsVV¿[ s[Vs AsLiRrygRiLRisVVs sxLjiLixms gRiVRVyRV.

ssLRisVV :c

@yRsxqsVsosLiRV AR˳تssVV c ARsxqsVsosLiRV @yR˳تssVV sR. ksNTP NSLRi᪫sVV sWRV.

[RVV ysVNSRV. ysRVLiRV ysV @s ˳تssVVsV sVxmsoRVyRV. @sgS ARNSs yss AR @sVN]sVRVyRV. Bj[V "@yRVs AR˳تssVV'.

sR, aRPVR, VR sVVNRPQ\sV c "sظRV[ sVRV[ yNRPy`, yRVLi ˳Wy* ˳sy y s ˳WRVM' @s NUPLjiLixmsTs xmsLRixs[V y\s RVVLiRgS c yss sxqsLjiLi RLjiLiRVRVyRV. Bj "ARs @yR˳تssVV'.

RsVy sVLRiRV syORPQ᮪s[V NRPy !

[RVRVLiRV yyRQsVV Lij RVVsysNTP yLRixmsoyjLRiWxms\sVs xqs*xmssVV sLiRV RVsj. Bj INRP NRPNSRV. Fs[NRPV! ysRVLiRV NRPsLjiLiRV!

Bj sWRWsaRPV\s ys zqs.

B zqs RVLiRVLiTRVV c xqsR=LigRi¿[ c xqsVNRPXR sZaP[xtsQsVV¿[ ˳gRiaS\Vs ysRVLiRV \ssVV gRiVLRiVLRiWxmssVVs @sVgRixsVVsV gRisLRiVRVsV.

"RRQ*sVryj' sVyNRPLRiWxms\sVs $gRiVLRiVs Dxms[aRPsVV yss CsRsVLiT s[VVN]VsV. @xmso yRRV c saRP*LRi aRPLkiLSRVNRPLi sORPQ\sVs Rs xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV gRiVLjiLi AsLiR sVgRiVQQ\ RLjiLiRVsV.

Bj xqsLiryLRirygRiLRi sVgRiVQQ\RVVs yLji[ FsNRPR[ FsssN][ INRPsNTP ճLiRV ˳xtsQsZaP[xtsQsVV.

AR؃sxqsLixmssVV N][N]NRPLRiVLiRVlLi[sW @s ˳تssVV. $gRiVLRiVs NRPLRiVNRPV RV\s y[sV¿[RVV[ yVgRiV a][NRPsVV[ ssLjiLiRVRVyLRiV.

FyNRPXR˳تs sVFyxqs

{qs*NRPXR sLRiWxmsxqsyssM e

gRiVLRiVsLRi NRPLRiVFyص`

g_LRis sWryR sWR FyMee `

yee $gRiVLRiVs NRPLRiVNRPV R\sV LijsyRV FyNRPXR˳تssVVsV @sgS CaRPLkiLRisVV yss gRiy骫ssVVsV xmsLjixLjiLiRVsV.

xqsysLiRsVRV\sVs xqs*xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV {qs*NRPLjiLi g_LRi[}msRV\ AsLiRsVRVQ\ RLjiLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV :

$gRiVLRiVs RVVxms[aRPsVV¿[ xmsRsVsVVs "Gj ysV NS][ c @j zqssRV胫sV'. zmssV Rs xqs*LRiWxmssVV sNTP @LiRVsV.

AR؃[xms[aRPsVVsNRPV WsVN]s s[yLiR aSxqsQ sVVV B[ syssVVsV @sLiLi xmssLjiVRVss. "s[ s[' yNRPsVV][ (s+B, s+B = Bj NSRV Bj NSRV) @ss ][zqss[RVgS c Gj ][zqss[RVVNRPV dsVNSs\ sLSV RVs][ c @j "AR' @s @s[jLiRVRVss.

BV[ ¿[RVsRVVsV? ARxqs*LRiWxmssVVs[ ssLjiLixmsLSy? @ssRV胫sV.

ARxqs*LRiWxmssVV "BRLi BRLi' @s yNRPV][ ssLjiLiRV ds\sj NSRV. @LiRV¿[ s[yLiRsVVV B[ sWLRisVVsV @sLiLiss. xmnsRsVVgS ryRNRPVRV ]VR ysV Gj NS][ c yss gRiVLjiLiRVsV. "Dxms[ORPQQs [7؃sLi جss sR*RLji+sM c @s gkiR ([+@؃sLi).

xmsLiR˳WyRNRP\sVsj xmsNRPX. [xsVV FyLiR˳ݼNRPsVV. @LiRV¿[ @j FyNRPXRsVV. ryRNRPVRV ]VR FyNRPXR \sVs [jNRPsVVsV ss[Rs¿[zqs, RsNRPLi B s[\lLisR gRiVLjiLi, ys][T yyRQsVVsV sT|msVsV.

zmssV xqsLRi*sVVsV ss[RVgS ZaP[ztsQLiRVVs xqsysLiR sVRV\sVs xqs*LRiWxmss[V ysVgS gRizLiRVsV.

[NRPsVVs "xqsRsVV' @sgS ssVV ¿xmsV. NSs s[yLiRsVVRVLiRV @V NSRV. xqsRsVsgS NS صRQ\sVsj. xqsRsVssV xqs` @sssV INRP[. ` c @sgS ؃ssVV.

xqsysLiRsVRV\sVs ARxqs*LRiWxmssVV sssVLRi sVVV [sj. xqsV RVMsVVV c NSsVN][yRVV c [}LijRV sV[VRVsLRiNRPV sWRs[V sLiزRgRiso. AR sxqsVsosV @s yNRP[so. @j @R誫sVVgS AsLiRxmsosVVR. "LRir\s xqsM' c @s aRPV.

BV zLRiLiRLRisVVRVLiRV sRVsj [s AsLiRs[V Rs LRiWxmssVVgS gRizLi @sV˳sLiRV RVsyRV sVRVQ\ RLjiLixmsy ?

$gRiVLRiVs NRPLRiVNRPV FyR\sV |RLjiLixmsTsyRV sWRs[V AsLiR sVRVQ\ RLjiLixmsgRiRV!

$gRiVLRiVNRPXxmsRW xqs

RV=sLRiW}ms ssVgRikL_ds e

sxLRi NRPaRP胫s sVRM

aSyx[ c syssVVjysM. 8

yee $ gRiVLRiVNRPLRiV sZaP[xtsQsVV¿[ c xqsRV=ػRNRP\sVs ARxqs*LRiWxmssVVs ssVgRiVQQ\ c @xLi˳تssVV aSLiLixmsgS |msVNTPs AsLiRsVV][ c Fss][ INSNRP FyٲRV ss\V sxLjiLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:

ssVNRPa][NRPsVVs ARxqs*LRiWxmssVVsV xqsysLiR sVRVsVVgS {qs*NRPLjiLiRV }msL]䃫ssV.

BLiRV ARxqs*LRiWxmssVVs ssVgRiVQQ\ RVVLiRV ssLjiLixmssV.

[RV][ yyRQsVV LRiNSsVVsVLiT s ssVLiTRVV rygji sRVRVsj. $gRiVLRiVNRPLRiVzms¿[ BLiRVNRP s DRLiVVLixmsgS CxmsLjizqs yLRiV sWLRigRiVsV.

BLiRsLRiNRPV "ys[' @s G[jNRPsVVsV ˳؄sLiRVRV sy][ @j ysV NSRs ][RrylgisV. BLiRsLRiNRPV [ssgRiWLji胫s [RsVV RsNRPV N]Li¿sVVsV [][, Gj FsLRiVNRPNRPV (BRLi BRLi @s gRizLiRVNRPV) @LiR][ @j yss xqsVLjiLixmsrylgisV.

@LiVVssV LRiNSsVVsVLiTRVV rygjisRVRVs xmssX INRPryLjigS sWzqsFRV. @j @sVsLjiLiRVRVs[ RVVLiRVsV. A RaRP[ "[RVRVLiRV' c "s[sVNSRV' @s ˳تssVVsV c "[RVNRPLi sORPQ\sVs xqsysLiR xqs*LRiWxmssVVs AR˳تssVVsV' xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS sVs VN]sV RVLiRsRVVsV. @LiVVssV @j LjiFso RVLiRVsV. LjiFLiVV c [RVRVLi[ yss ˳تssVV xqs*RVLi xmsztsQRsVgRiV RVLiRVsV. @xmsoRV ryRNRPVsNRPV xmsosMxmsosM xmsRVRsVV @sxqsLRisVgRiVsV. @LiRV¿[Rs[ ssVNRP a][NRPsVVs c "{qs*NRPXR sLRiWxms xqsyssM' c @syLRiV.

BV ryRNRPVRV xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS ARsxtsv\ RVVLiRVNRPV @˳xqssVV rygjiLixmsgS c ysNTP ARsxtsQ][ V, [xRVRVLiRV [RVRVLiRV @yR ˳تssVV xqsx zqsR\sV FsosV. @ zqs ¿[NRPWLRigS c @RRV xqsRV=ػRNRP \sVs ARxqs*LRiWxmssVVs ssVgRiV RgRiVsV. sVVsVgRiVsV. xmnsRsVVgS ysRVLiR @xLi˳تssVV dsLRiVRs s\|ms# FsosV.

BLiRsLRiNRPVsV c Fss\lLissV Rs[RVNRPV zms NRPgjiLixmsgS c "ssV yTV ¿[|qssV. s[sV ELRiN]LiRVy?' ByjgS @xLi˳تssVV (s[sV @sT ˳تssVV) yRVs RVs R FsRVRVLisV.

BxmsoRV [RVV ysV NSRs ˳تssVV xmsT sLiRVs c Fss @xmsNSLRisVVV LjigjissV [y DxmsNSLRisVVV LjigjissV "s[sV' @s ˳تssVV c xmsdNSLRi˳تssVV c RFsRso.

xmnsRsVVgS @RQ\sVs AsLiRsVV NRP gjis sVxmsyxsVVs |msVNTP @LiRLRiLigRisVVsV AFysR sVVsLRiV胫sV.

INRP sV xmsyxsVVsj, ysNTP INRP N]LiR @R sVVsj. @xmsoy xmsyxsVV][ sVsNRPV xqsLiLiRsVV s郫s sVgRiVsV.

INSNRP ˳gRisLiR\sVsNSsVVs AN]LiRsV xmspLjigS ]gjiLiRV xqsLi˳sLisxmsoRV c AxmsyxsVV DLRiNRPV |msy?

xsVsVLiRVRV {qsRsVsV RLji+Li, LSORPQxqsVsV xqsLixLjiLi, LiNRPsVgS c sVLRi ؃sNUP[ss , $LSsVVs RLji+LixmssRVVss R*LRixmsRVRV (LSsVRLRi+sbdP}mnsV) @LjixtsQsVV @sV N]LiRsZNP䃫sV. AN]LiR sVVxmsj WssVVsT xmsj WssVV sryLRisVVsV gRi RVVsj.

Dy=x˳LjiRV\s xsVsV AN]LiR\|ms sNTP, Egji Egji Rs xqsxRLRiVsV ¿[LRiVN]sV\ZNP INRP RWNRPV RWZNPsV. @xmsoyN]LiR s[LSLjigS (xmsXjyLi xqssVyLi RWRM) @gjiFLiVVsj c @s LSsWRV᪫sVV.

@V[ BLiRsLRiNRPVsV R sNTPLiRVVs @xLi ˳تssVV @gSLjiFgS c ys NRPs*sVs AsLiRxmsyxsVV @aRPLiVVR\sVs s[gRisVV][ NRPRs @LiRMNRPLRi᪫sVVsV sVVLiFsRVsV.

[sVRVLiRV RV sRVVs @xLi˳تss[V AsLiysV˳ssVVsNRPV |msR @sL][RsVV.

gRiVLRiVsLRi NRPLRiVxLki

sNRPLRi˳LRi bdPRry*sM e

LRisV[ RVsLRi GN][

sLRiVxmssV xqsV {qssVs \|qs#*LRisV ee9

yee $ gRiVLRiVNRPLRiVػRLRiLigRisVV NRPysssVNRP NRPgS sxmsRVRVLiRgS RTs @LiRLRiLigRisVVgRiy\ c sLRiVxmssWsLiRxmsRsVVs RVLSNRPRV RV[R骫sVV sxLjiLiRV RVyRV.

ssLRisVV :

"Rs bPxtsvRV yLji[ rygRiVRVyRV. RNRPRNRP sVVLiRVNRPV [soRVyRV c @R*RWsLiRbPLRisVV sLiRVN]sVRVyRV' c @s gRizLis gRiVLRiVsosNRPV AbPxtsvs\|ms NRPLRiV؃sVLSgRisVVV @LiRNRPLiRNRPV @aRPLiVVLixmsNRPVLiRVy?

ssLRisVV :

sVLjiRVV c RRQ*sVryj sVyN][xms[aRP##s[V $gRiVLRiV NRPLRiVػRLRiLigRisVV. AsVyNRPsVV sVLRi sVLiRLRiLigRi sVVsLi ]NRP䪫sWLRiV NRPRs yVsV. xqs*xqs*LRiWxms ؃ssVV RNRPVLRis sVLRizqs c ysV C ryLiryLjiNRPyxmssVVNRPV sVNTP Rso*s sVysszmsLiRVsV. ys][ sVsxqsV RRVsV. RsVVsLi]NRP aSLilLi[ DRLiVVLiRVsV.

@VNSNRP B[ LiRssVV. sWsWNTP rygjisxmsoRV ZNPLRisVV sLiT ZNPLRisVV sxmsTsgRiVsV. AyNRP c Aj˳ݼNRP c Aj\sNRP yxmssVV][ @LiRsLRiNRPV @VTNTPsV VRVNRPVRVs @LiRLRiLigRisVV yxmsLRizR\sV RxmsgS RLji FsosV.

ryLiryLjiNRP yxmssVV xqsLRi*y aSLiLis RsVVsLiRV AysLiRLRixqs xmsyxsVV @aRPLiVVLis s[gRisVV][ s sLjiRVVssV[ AaRPLRis[VsVVsj? @RVQQNTP GsVVsj?

$gRiVLRiVs Dxms[aSLRisVVsV "r~sVV xqsLis RWLRiV[ sVLRi ssV' ¿[RVLSRV. GNSLiRsVVsLi yRVLRi sVVsV sLRiLiRLRi sVsVbdPLiRVRVLiRssV. @xmsoRV sWRs[V gRiVLRiVbPxtsvRLRiVsV RsVVRLRiV.

@syLjiNRP :c

AgRiVLRiVNRPLRiV؄sZaP[xtsQsVVs[ xqsWLRiNTPLRi᪫sVV][ [ sLjiLiRVRVyLRiV.

$[bPNRP sLRi NRPLRiV

LRis NRPLRi xqssVFzRry*sM e

sxLRis sVxqsLji sL][

sLRisjNSss dsLRiy y}qs ee 10

yee $ gRiVLRiVso NRPLRiV @sRV xqsWLRiNTPLRi᪫sVV xmsxqsLjiLi c RsVVsLiR sVdNRPs sRsRxmsgS c @FyLRi \sVs AsLiRxqssVVRsVVs sxLjiLiRVRV RVZaP[LRiVRV sLSVsV.

ssLRisVV :

dNRP[ sxqsVss[NRPsVV sLixmsRV. RVLigRi ]LigRis c yRV FysVVs ][RVsV. @؃ssVVNRPWR @[. @جsNTP "AR c @yRgS c @yR c ARgS' ][RVsV.

"RsVVs gRisVs sVdNRP' c RVsgS @؃ss[V. xqsWLRiNTPLRixmsryLRisVV][ dNRP sVV sWRV\sVsV $gRiVLRiV so NRPLRiV xmsxqsLjiLixmsgRis[ @؃ssVV ]gjiFsosV. gRiVLRiVso NRPLRiV @sgS c AyyRss[NRPsVVsV gRigjiLi; sV ˳ssVVsV zqsjLixms[RVV sVyN][xms[aRP##s[V.

sVyNSLRisVV @LiRLRiLigRisVVs 胫sLiRs[ "ysV ss sVLRi xmsyxsVVs g]VN]s Fso soRss' dNRP˳تssVV @LiRLjiLiRVsV.

"s[sV @sybP\Vs xmsLRixsVs[' c @s [RsVV DRLiVVLiRVsV. B [RsVV c ؃ssVV DRLiVVLixmsgRis[ ryRNRPVRV AsLiRsVRVVRgRiVsV.

ksNRPLiRNRPVsV NSLRi᪫sVV $gRiVLRiVNRPLRiV؄sZaP[xtsQsVV. @LiRV¿[ $gRiVLRiV RLRi᪫sVVV xqsLRi*[syjNRPsVVV !!

@syLjiNRP :c

BV LiRsLRiNRPVsV c $gRiVLRiVNRPLRiV؄sZaP[xtsQsVVsV xqsVLi c AR˳sVVsNRPV, sV˳ssVVsNRPV DxmsNRPLjiLiRV ryRs syssVVNRPV rysLiRVRV c ARsyxqsLixmssVQQ\s RVZaP[LRiVs (ssVNRPVs) sV\s˳ssVVsV ssLjiLiRV RVyLRiV.

s sxmsLkiRNRPsV][ c

Vy xmssxms xmsLiR˳Wys e

xmsLjibPxtsQsWRRRQ*Li

xmsaRPyQ}qs sVVs aSsM ee 11

yee xmsLiRsV˳WRsVVsV DR NRPsVsVVsNRPV slLi[NRP\sVs jaRP[ INRP ysRVLiRV s[L]NRPyss sdssVVsLRiVRV c BV @ss sdssVV }qsRVgS c Gj ZaP[ztsQLiRVVs][ @[yss (ARRVs) @sV˳sLiRVRV RVLS aSLiRV\ RVVLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV :c

ARFyzmsQ\ZNP INSNRP Fyds @RVR ryRs syssVV c RRRsVVsV $xqsybPsoLiRV xqsWLiyLRiV.

ANSaRPsVV c gS c @gji c dsLRiV c s[ c Bs xmsLiR˳WRsVVV. Bs sLRiVxqsgS INRPyssVLiT s[L]NRP DRssVV\ss. @sgS @NSaRPsVVsVLiT gS c gS sVLiT @gji c @gji sVLiT sVV c sVVsVLiT s[ sLiss.

ANSaRPsVV [ssVLiT xmsosj? "ARs ANSaRPM xqsLi˳WRM' ARyaRPLiVVLi sWRV RFsRgS RRQ˳تssVV¿[ ANSaRPsVV F~RsVsj. ANSaSj xmsLiRsV˳WRsVV NRPsVsVj.

dsss sxmsLkiRsVVgS sTzms INRP ysRVLiRV s[L]NRP yss sdssVV ¿[RVsRVVsV. @sgS "˳WsVscsVVsLiRV, sVV c sgji RVLiRV, @gjis c @ssVLiRV, @ssVV c yNSaRPsVVsLiRV sds sVVsLji c yss ARRVLiRV dssVV gSsLixmssRVVsV. Bj DR NRPsVsVVsNRPV slLi[NRP\sVs NRPsVsVV.

kss ryRsRVLiRVLis Wgji c@ss sds sVVsLjiLixmsgS ZaP[ztsQLisj ARRVs gRiVLjiLiRVsV, @sV˳sLiRVsV, @sV˳sLi xmsLRisV xmsaSLis ˳LiRVsV.

INSNRP GNSLiRxms[aRPsVVs gRiWLRiVLiT ryRNRPVRV sksRsVV][ c xmsLRi*yLRisVV][ cRLSRLRiFy᪫sLRi sVV][ sLiT xqsVsaSsVVgSsVs ˳WsVs gRiWLji LiLixms sRVVsV. @sgS ˳؄sLixmssRVVsV.

BV N]LiR xqssVRVsVV CLiRsRVLiRV gRiRVxmsssV. zmssV c C˳WsV RVLiRRVVsV RsNRPV srys\sVs sVVs sds\sVsV LiLixmsssV.

@sgS BLiRsLRiNRPV ˳تssRVLiRVs N]LiRV @RsoV RLSRLRiFy᪫sLRisVV BssRVVsV sVgRisVV\ FLiVV sV ˳؄sLixms ssV. ZNP[ssVV sVVsj. dsLRiV, dsLRiV, sVV, sVV. s[lLi[sVRVVsV [RV. BV ZNP[s ˳WRsVVsV N]LiRxqssVRVsVV ysLi c @j ysNTP sNRPrys\sVs @gjiRVLiRV sds\sVsV LiLixmssRVVsV.

˳تssRVLiRVs sVLiRRVVsV [sVVgS c * ճd sVgji sRRVsVVgS sWLjiFLiVVsV LiLixmssRVVsV. @RVRsVV @sLiRsVV sRVRQ˳sVV. NTPLiaRPVNRPxqsLiNSaRPsVV c @LiVVs sVgji! sV[sVV c Bj ˳؄sLixmsRsRVVsV.

BV [[˳WRsVVsV g]LiR RRso ysLi c @j RsNRPV srys\sVs yRVVsosLiRV sds\sVsV LiLixmsssV.

gSNTP LRiWxmssVVsy? [RV. ZNP[ssVV xqsLRi+RVVsj. ANSaRPgRiV\sVs aRPsVV yss @sVsLjiLi RVVsj. @sgS aRPxqsLRi+sVVVss.

BLiRsLRiNRPVsV ˳؄sR\sVs [[˳WRsVV. LRiWxmsLRizR\sV, aRPxqsLRi+sVV¿[ sWRs[V RVRVRVs gSRVLiRV ds\sVsV LiRssVV rygjiLixmssRVVsV. LiRs[ @gji VVNRP ryssVVsV gSANRPsVLixmssRVVsV. gS! gS! LRi&VLiLRi&WsWLRiVRsVV!

NSs AgSNTP EgRiVRVs ¿V[so. xqsWRVs c RssVVs gSs[gRisVV¿[ xmsRVsNTP䃫s c dN`PxtsQRsV szLis sL<RiyLRiV [so. yRVVs[gRisVV¿[ yV xmsoRVs @gji *V [so. @ssRVV INRPysRVLi]NRP ds\sVFLiVV gSgS sWLjisV LiLisVNRPy!

@LiRV¿[ ZNP[ssVV gS! CVs[RVVRV ANSaRP gRiLRi骫sVVs sLSLiNRPsVVgRi c sLjiL][RsVVgRi c DLRiNRPV |msVRVs c xmsLRiVgRiVV dRVVRVs c xqsVRVV LRiVgRiVRVs c NTPLiRVdsVRgRiV RVs gS! |mssVgS! LRi&VLiLRi&WsWLRiVRsVV ! xmsRLiR\sVs yRVV˳WRsVV!

BV ZNP[s sVLRiVy骫ssVVsV RsVVs g]LiRRRso szmsRVVLi CgS @LiRRVVsV ANRPxqssVVs sds\sVsV ysLixmsssV.

INRP FyRsV ds[ sVVLi sNTP kzqs (@LiRV dsLRiVLiR LSRV) FsLiR[ |msVsVV. ALRiLi˳sVVs AFyRRVLiRV @LiRsV yzmsLi RVVs ALRiQR (dsRT) NRPsVsVVgRi xLjiLiFLiVV RT NRPsRNRPVLiR FsosV gRiy! @[ kss gRiWR ˳؄sLixmsssV.

@sgS c LRi&VLiLRi&W sWLRiVRsVV VVNRP s[gRisVV Rgjisj. LRiV NRPRNRPVss. @sRVVsV aSLiLiRVRVss! aSLiLiss!

@xmso[sVVsj? ZNP[s sWNSaRPsVVsj. ZNP[ssVV RVV! d! @sNSaRPsVV. @sLiR\sVs aRPWssVV. sVlLi[ sVRVVsV [RV. BV ZNP[s\sVs ANSaRPsVVsV gRiWLji胫s yssVVsV N]LiRRRso rygjiLixmssRVVsV,

zmssV dsRWNSaRPsVVsV ys NRPjuys\sVs AR RVLiRV sds \sVsV ˳؄sLixmsssV. [s\ZNP ssV AyLRi sVVLiRsRVVsV. AyLRis[V @juyssVV. ANSaRPsVV ˳؄sLixmsRVRVsRsgS c [sRVLiRV ˳؄sLixmsRVRVsj? AR RVLiRV, RsRVLi[ Aj ˳؄sLixmsRVRVsj NRPy!

ysRVLiRV @sgS ANSaRP˳تssVVsNSyLRi\sVs AR RVLiRV B c C RVLiRRVV sds\sVsV ˳؄sLixmsssV.

@xmso[sVVsj? aRPLRizRsVV c xqsLRi+LRizRsVV c LRiWxms c LRixqs c gRiLiR sLRizRsVV @LiVVs ARxqs*LRiWxmssVVsj ! @ A xqs*LRiWxmssVVsLiRV s RVVLiRssV. A][xmsNTP B]NRP @RVR\sVs ryRssVV.

ryRNRPVs [}LijRVsVVV xmsLiR˳WRsVVNRPLi s[\lLiss NSso. @LiRV¿[ C yssyssVV[ ryRNRPVs [}LijRWRVV sVgji RVVsV RLixmsLSRV. @sNRPWR xmsLiR˳WRsVV][ V sdssVV\ FLiVVsV c ZNP[ssVV ryOUPQ˳WR\sV ARsxqsVso sVgji RVVsV LiLixmsssV.

C yssyssVV[ c"ANSaRPsVVsLRiNRPV rygjiLixmsszqss ysNRPXRsVV sNTP @LiRVRVsj, NSs @VRLRiVyj xqsxtsQsVVgS RV sRV [RV' c @szmsLiRVsV.

N]LiRNSsVV CyssyssVVsV @˳xqssVV[ sVLisysNTP @jRVVsV zqssRV胫sV.

B yssWLRisVV ssLiLi zqsRV\syRV sxqsLRiLigRi xqssVVRsVVs xmsaSLiRsVVgS sVLiRVsV c @s $xqsy bPs }LiRVyLRiV saRPkNRPLjiLiyLRiV.

gRiR sVR sVryLRiLi

sWLiVVNRP s[Vs[ sVszqs sVy*sM e

xmsLRi FyyaRPM

xmsgRiR sVRsWssVR=LRiM N][7zms ee 12

yee CgRisVLiRRVVsV sry=LRis[V! sWRW NRPRs[V! @s ˳؄sLiRVRV GN][LjiNRPRVV [sy\ c sVRsVVsV sWssVVsV sVRLRisVVsV dsT ssVNRPV]NRPRV RV[R骫sVV sxLjiLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:

xmsLRix rysRsVV[ ¿gjis sWRV C[NRP sVVsV NRPLiRVRVsj.

NRPs @sgSs[ @j yxqsssVV NSRs RVVRVsj. sWRWNRPR\sVs LiVW gRisVV RVyLRisVVgS Dsj NSRV. @j FsLiRsWs[s dsLRiV!

FsLiRsWs[ ][RV dsLRiV RzmsNRPsV dLRiRV. @[ @RVyLRiQ\sVs gRisVV ryLRiLRizR\sVsj c @s FssRV gSRsVVgS ˳؄sLiRV[ ysNTP g][LjiNRP VLiRVsV?

N][LjiNRPss c[x c BLijRV c @LiRMNRPLRi᪫sVVsV RVyLRisVVs ˳؄sLi sxmsoRV c dss][ yyRQsVVsV @sV˳sLisxmsoRV sWRs[V R VRVsV.

@LiRMNRPLRixmssX򹸅[V [s][ N][LjiNRPV FsVLiR gRiso? ysRVLiRV NSsVN][RsVVV c [˳sWxsVVV sVRsWR=LRisVVV FsV sVRVsV? yRV AyLSsVVRV? RV[ysLji! ssVNRPVRV!

ssVNRPVQ\s sVxmsoLRiVxtsvRV c @؃ssxqs\sVs xqsLiryLRiLiRsVVsVLiT ssVVNRPVQ\ c ARsxtsv\ sLSVNRPV c INRPxmsV]NRP sWLRisVVs c s[L]NRPxmsRV s[L]NRPsWLRisVVs LiRs rygjiLiRVRVLiRVsV.

A sVRVsNRPV GsWLRiQ\sVssV AR˳sVVsV gRigjiLiRVsV.

ryRNRP xmsoLRiVxtsvsNRPV A ssVQQNRP xmsoLRiVxtsvs sWLRisVVV @sVxqsLRiRVsVVV.

yRs NTPyRW

RyLRiLi yzqs sxqsV][ ssV[ e

B saRPRV yssM

xXxtsQyxqss sLRiL][ Wgki ee 13

yee "sWRVNSs c RyLRisVVgSs c ARRVLiRV [so. ARxqs*RM aRPVR\sVsj' c @s saRPRVsVV gRiy\ Wgji AsLiRxmsLjixmspLRiQ\sVs @LiRLRiLigRisVV][ xXxtsv\ sLSVsV.

ssLRisVV :

AR؃ssVV c sWRV [zqssVRsVV sLis. sVgRiVs ][ dNRP sVs RV. dNRP LSsVV rygRiVRVs RsgS sVgRiV DRLiVVLixmss[ "sWRV' @sgS RsVysV sVLRiRV.......... NSs ysRVLiRV yss @ճFyRVsVV][ sVLiRV.

C sWRV c C ˳Li syLjiRsVV NSsLiRsLRiNRPV xqsLiryLRisVVsj. [}LijRWRVVss. yLRixmsoyRV VyLRiV. Bs xqsRsVV[ @s ˳تssVVLiRVsV.

FsLiR sLRiNRPV Bs xqsRsVVVgRi ][RVRVs[ c @LiR sLRiNRPV AR˳sVV NRPVgRi [Rsj sbPRsVV. AR؃s sVVRLiVVLixmsgS c sWRWNSLRisVV\s BssRVV RsV @zqsR*sVVsV g][[sosV.

"xqsWLRiVRVRLiVVLixmsgS dNRP sWzqsFLiVVsV' c "@LiR sLRiNRPV ]LigRigS][s RVLigRi VVNRP yxqss؃s sVVRLiVVLixmsgS NRPsLRisV aSLiLisV' c sWRWRyLRi sVVV AR˳sVV][ @LiRLjiLiFsosV.

ARsxqsVso xqs*RaRPV+R\sVsj. @R xmsLRixqsLRi+ [RV.

AysV˳szqsRV\s Wgji c "y NRPLi s[\lLis [jRVVsV [RV ! GjRVVsV [RV! @LiRsV s[s[ sLiT RVVysV' @s ˳؄sLi xqsLS*RR*sVVsV @sV˳sLiRVsV.

A @sV˳s sWWgjis {LRiLiRLRisVVRVLiRV AsLiR xmsLjixmspLRiVs [RVVsV.

A AsLiRsVVs NRPLiRsVV[RV ! A xL<RisVVs NRPsj [RV.

R*sVx sVճsWs {[

sWjR yyyyLRiM e

sxLRi s[N][

ssVxqsVLi˳[s_ sVgRiM ee 14

yee AysLiR rygRiLRisVgRiVQQ\s WgjiNTP c "dsso c s[sV' @sT ˳[RVj DLiRRV. @ sV AyLRisVVVsV @RsNTP AsLiRsVVs[ NRPgjiLiRVsV. @RRV Vss xqsy xmsxqssVQQ\ INRPQ\ RLjiLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV :c

ARrysRsVVs sWRV C xqsLiryLRiVjs sLixms [RVVRVsj. xqsLiryLRisVV c "s[sV c dsso; "dsRV c yRV'; "dsRV yyRV'; "yRV xmsLRiVRV'; "Bj yj'; "@j ysj'; yss s[sV r~LiRsVV ¿[zqsN]ssRVVsV'; "kss NSFyRV N]ssRVVsV' c ByjgS xsR ˳[R ˳تssVVNRPV sRV\sVsj.

$gRiVLRiVNRPXFyNRPORPQsVV¿[ AR؃s sVVRLiVVLixmsgS sWRWsxqs\sVs xqsLiryLRisVV c ysss sLiRV NRPsLRisVV @RXaRPsVgRiVsV. @sgS ysNTP xqsLiryLRisVV g][RLjiLixmsRs NSRV. g][RLjiLiRVsV, NSs NRPsLRi sVVLiRRV.

ANRPxqssVVsj, dssVVgS gRisRVRVLiRVsV. @ٲRV @R dssLRisVV][ sLiTs sxqsVs[][ yzmsLi RVVsRs RLiRVsV. zqssyRV c"@R s[sVRVVsV [RV, aRPWss[V AdLRiVs NRPsRVRVs Rs gRizLiRVsV.

BR ANRPxqssVV @كs ZNPV g][RLjiLiRVRVs][ FyكsNRPVsV @V[ g][RLjiLiRVRVsj, NRPsRVRVsj c @s RVVRVsj NRPy!

@[ ARsyxqsLixmssVQQ\s ssVNRPVsNRPVsV @كs NRPVsV xqsLiryLRisVV VVNRP g][RLRiR*sVV[ ˳[RsVV [RV. @ٲRV kss RLji+LiRVRV c Bj xqsRsVs ˳؄sLiRVsV. FyٲRV c kss RLji+LiRVRV BRLiRRVV sWRWsxqssVs gRizLiRVVLiRV¿[ ksRVLiRV xqsNRPVRV NSRV.

C NSLRi᪫sVV¿[Rs[ @٬sRVLiRV "dsso c s[sV' ByjgS ˳[RVj RV RVVLiRVsV. Fy٬sRVLik ˳[RVj @LiNRPVLjiLixmsRV. @RRV xqsLRi*sVVsV xsVRVsVVgS @sV˳sLiRVsV.

AyLRi˳[RsVVV c sjs}tsQRsVVV ryyLRiVNRPV, ssVQQNRP xmsoLRiVxtsvsNRPV C ˳[RsVVVNRPWR DLiRso. @RRss xqssV˳تssVV][ @LigkiNRPLjiLiRVsV.

s[dsVR sRRVRVsyRV c Bj yLji. @j ]LiNRP; Bj sV c @j g][LiVV, Bj s[ c @j dsLRiV Byj ˳[RsVVsV gRisVsLi sRNRPsV rygjiLixmsssV. [NRPVs yRV g][[ xmsRsRV胫sV, G[ xmsRsRV胫sV.

ANSaRPsVVs RLjiLiRVysNTP c gRigRissLjiNTP B ˳[RsVV sV sRVsVsVVsV FyLiRV sNRPLRi RVVLiRRV. yRV RV[R骫sVV xqsLiRLjiLixms sRV胫sV.

@[ AyLRi˳[RsVVV ryyLRiVNRPV, ssVNRPVsNRPV @s AyLRisVVVsV xqssVRsVV[. @LiVVssV sV˳s sVVsV Lijs Wgji c ysV RV[R骫sVV sLjiLixmssRV胫ss NRPVxtsQsLRisV\ RLjiLixmsRV. @s AyLRisVVsV xqssVsVVgS ڿRVs[ NSs RVLSyLRisVVsV @sVxqsLjiLixmsRV

Vs sWsxqssVVs NSssVVLiRRV. @V[ zqsRV\s Wgji VVNRP sWsxqssVVNRPWR sR xmsxqsssVVgS sVLiRVsV.

Vs sV[\sLRisVVsNRPV ys @؃ssVV NSLRi᪫sVV, yRV xqssV[uyaRPNSLiRsVRV. LigSLRisVV, LSLiVV, sV|ms c VsNRPV xqssVsVVgRis[ NSssRV胫sV. Bj sV\ssj; @j sVs[sj c @sT ˳تssVV ysRVLiRV sLixmsRV. ysNTP gSLRi᪫sVV ys @؃ssVV.

WgjiVVNRP sWsxqssVV NRPWR sRsLRisVVgS sVLiRVsV. BR \sLRisVVsNRPV gSLRi᪫sVV ؃ssVV.

WgjisVV xqssV[uyaRPNSLiRsV\ RLjiLiRVLRiV. yLRiV C sVNTPs A LigSLRisVVsNRPVsV ˳[RsVV sLiRLRiV. sVs RVNRP NSRV; lLiLiRVsV sWRWsxqssVV[ @s yLRiV gRizLi RVVLiRV yLji xqssVVjNTP NSLRi᪫sVV.

@LiRV¿[ zqsRxmsoLRiVxtsv sLRissVV Vs sLRissVVsV [RVVLiRVsV, yLji sLRisLRissVVsNRPV }RVsoV sWRsVV ճssVV\ss[.

\Q*RsVV RVM}RVso, @\Q*RsVV AsLiRNRPLiRsVV. "Dsj yNRP䮲[' c @s FssRV gRizLiRV[ c @sV˳sLiRV[ c @RRV @LiRsVV[s AsLiRrygRiLRisVVs sxLjiLiRVsV.

@sRWR NRPLRi[

R jLSLi][xmssVM N][7zms e

AyLSsW RVLS

@dsN][[xtsQ* yQ}qs ee 15

yee xsR*Ljixtsv\s zqsRxmsoLRiVxtsvRV xqsLRi*NRPLRi xmsLjiygji\V AyLSsVV\ c [NRPVNRPV @R]NRP RVRV, ¿syRV @szmsLiRVRV @ds{qssV RVLiRV sxLjiLiRV RVLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV :

xqsRLSRLRi᪫sVV xqs*LRisVVsV |msVsV. RVxtsQLSRLRi᪫sVV sLRiNRPsVVsV [LRiV胫sV. ryyLRi[NRPsVV xqs*LRiQFyxmsNRPsVV sLRiNRPsyLRiNRPsVV @LiVVs NRPLRiRVLiRV sLjiLiRVsV.

"@xLizqs' @s @sV˳ssVV][ FsssNTP xqsLRi*sVV xsVRVsVVgS [RxmsTs][ c @RRV RV RWgSj NRPLRiRVLiV xmssLjiLiRVsV?

@R]NRPs[ @ NRPLRiRVLiRV sLjiLissV AyLSsVV\ ARWNRPLRisV INRP @ճsRVsVVgS ARLjiLiRVs[ NSs c NRPLRiQXR*Vj][ c xmns}msORPQgRiy\ ARLjiLixmsRV.

@ NRPLSRLRixqssVRVsVVs gRiWR @RRV ry*R sxtsv\ c xsVV y\s RVVLiRVs[ NSs rygRiVRVs NRPLRisVVsLiRV yyRQsVVsV ˳LixmsRV.

@ sV NSR]NRP RVss c ¿ss ][RVsV. RWxtsQ˳WxtsQ LRiryLRisVV NSRRV N]Li¿\sVssV xqsLijLixms NRPVLiRV[V ksNTP gSLRi᪫sVV.

xqsLiryLRisVVsLiRV xqsRyVj gRiyLji][ [NRPsVV ssxLjiLixmsgRiRV. sW[ s[yLiRsVV, ARLRi᪫sVVs [NRPxmssX NRPyLjis ARLjiLixmsgRiRV.

xqsLRi*y [NRPLiR ssVVNRPVQ\ RLjiLiRV zqsRxmsoLRiVxtsv ds[NRPsVV @LiRVN]s[RV. @LRisVV ¿[zqsN]s RV. yLjis gSLiLiVW[NRPsVV @VLRixmsRVsV.

[NRPssLRisVV][ [aRPsVVsV xqsLiLiRsVV [s AsVxmsoLRiVxtsvV [NRPRXztsQNTP RVV, jLRiVV.

AsVxmsoLRiVxtsvV sVsLRiVsV [s @RsoRVLiRV ssV c [NRP sxsVVVVNRP sRVsV sVssV c RsV[ ysVVLiRVLRiVgSs @RsoRVLiRVsQ[ !

aSyQ RX][xmsgRiWRM

aSs xqssVrys s[R[yLRiM e

LRisV[ LRixqsGN][

LRis[V ry*ss xmsLRi[ ee 16

yee ssVNRPVQ\s sVRVRV c BRLRisVV\s s[Rs aSLiLixmsgS sVzRV\ c xmsLRisWsLiRsVs |qs\|ms aSLi[ss gSRsVV N_gjiLiRVN]s LRisVLiRVRVLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:c

@LiRMNRPLRi᪫sVV c BLijRVsVVV c Bs zLRiV xmssX NRPs. @s aRP c xqsLRi+ c LRiWxms c LRixqs c gRiLiyRNRPsVV\s sxtsQRVsVVsLiNRP xmsLRiVlgiRVRV sVLiRVsV. ysVVNRP C zLRiVxmssX @aSLis[ |msVsV.

ssVNRPVs BLijRVsVVV @LiRLRiLigRisVV zLRiV xmssXs g][[sosV. A sVxmsoLRiVxtsvsRVLiRV ysNTP @LiRLRiV sX sRzqsRsVgRiVsV.

ryRs RaRPRVLiRVsyRV xqsxsVVgS sxtsQRVsVV sLiNRP LRiVsRVRVs Rs BLijRVsVVsV xmsRVR xmspLRi*NRPsVVgS ssVNRPNRPV sVLRi AyճsVVsVVVgS sVsV RVLiRVsV. ssVNRPVsRVLiR xmsRVRsVV [NRP[V Ayճ sVVsVVgRiVRV @s sztsQQRVsVVgRiVsV. AsVRVRV ¿[xmsV sjLiRVVs ¿LRiVsos (""xqsVxmsdsVsBsxRM'' LRixmnsVVsLiaRPsVV) aSLiyLiRLRiLigRiV\ sLSVsV. @Vs zqs[V aSLi [ds gSyLigRissVVgS xmsxqsVLixmssV.

sLji*NRPQ\sVs LiVWzqsRVLiRV Wgji @ssVLRiVLigRiNRP AyLSsVV\ AsLijLiRVsV.

DsWR sxtsQRWM

{qs*NRPXR \sLSgRiN][aRP xqsLRi*xqs*M e

ry*ysLiRsVzsV

ry*LS[7zqss sLS[ RVLS ee 1`

yee ssVNRPVQ\s RVRNRPsLji c aRP xqsLS+j sxtsQRVsVVsRV aRPRVsosV sLRiWLi RVVLiRVsV. sLRiNTP @sRV RygSLRisVV[s RssV @RsNTP ry*RVRQ\sV RVVLiRVsV. BVVs AsVxmsoLRiVxtsvRV AysLiR sVzR \sVs xqs*LSsVVs sLSVRVLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV :

aRPsVV¿[ ¿s, xqsLRi+xqsVsVV¿[ R*gjiLijRVsVV, LRiWxmssVV¿[ RORPVLjiLijRVsVV, LRixqssVV¿[ }*LijRVsVV, gRiLiRsVV¿[ xmnsW[LijRVsVV ANRPL<jiLixmsT ysNTP (AsxtsQRVsVVNRPV) saRPsLRiVQ\ RLjiLiRVRVLiRVsV. aRPصjsxtsQRVsVVV a][yj BLijRVsVVsV RsVsaRPsVLi RVLiRVN]s RsVRVVsV xmsV N]sV RVLiRVsV. Bj ryyLRi[NRPzqs.

AR rysWsVVsVLiT ˳xtsvs gSsLi c RsVNRPV ETgRisVV ¿[LiVVLiRVN]sVRVs c C aRPصjsxtsQRV aRPRVso sV RVRNRPsLji sLRiW sVVsLji RVVLiRVsV. ys FyRVsV |msNRPLi s[RVVsV. @V܃sLRiV¿[ ARs LiVVLijRVsVVV sxtsQRVLiRsVVsVLiT ssVVNRPsVV\ RVVLiRVsV.

BLiRsLRiNRPV sxtsQRVxqsNRPsVV\s BLijRVsVVV ys sVLiT sLRiNRPsVVgRiVsV. C sLRiNTP c C \sLSgRisVV ysNTP xmsoztsQs sVVsV ¿[NRPWLRiV胫sV. xmsLRi}qssssVV[ dsLRixqs xmsTs BLijRVsVVV c \sLSgRiRs xqsLixmsssVV\ xmsNSbPLiRVsV. @xmsoRV AysLiRFyzmsNTP INRP ALiNRPsVVLiRRV.

RV[NRPRNRPsLji sWRs[V kss ryjLiRVsV. ARsLiRFyzmsNTP sxtsQRWxqsNTP xmsتsL][RsVsj ryLRisVV.

xqssRLRizms bdPRLRiV_

Rs[ dZOP[Q7xms][ sxRg_ e

sWLiVVNRP sVRsV ؃ss

ssVQQN][ s sxqsLiVW˳s ee 18

yee xqsWLRiVRV RgS c RLiRVRV sRgS ][ssV c @gji @][sVV\sV *LissV c sVVNRPxmsoLRiVxtsvRV BRLiRRVVsV sWRWsxqss[V @s ˳؄sLiRVs[ gSs AaRPLRisVV ssV˳sLixmsRV.

ssLRisVV :

xqsWLRiVsNRPV s[T, RLiRVsNRPV RRssVV xqs*˳تszqsRsVVV. @V[ @gjiNTP ELRiQ*sVV *ssVV (@gji* \|msNTP[RVsV gSs NTPLijgS sVVgRisVV|msRV) xqs*˳تssVV. dss LiVW xqs*˳تssVV sRVsV sWLRiso.

sWLRiVs c xqsWLRiVRV RLiRVss RRssVVsV. RLiRVRV xqsWLRiVss sRRssVV sR yLRiLiճLi sxmsoRV c @gji @][sVVsVVgS *LisxmsoRV c FsLiR gRiLiճdLRixmsNRPX\VssV AaRPLRixmsRVsV. sxqsRVsVVsV ˳LiRVsV.

NSs xsyLisLRiV\s Wgji kssgSLi N]Li¿sVVsV R誫sRRV.

@RRV xqsLRi*Q\sVs gRisVVsV sWRWNRPRsVVgS gRizLisy\ c gRiNRPsVV\|mss sxtsQRVsVVRVLiRV c @\ssV c xL<Ri c a][NRP c sxqsRWRV ssV˳sLixmsRV.

a][NRPrys xqsxry c xL<Ri rys aRPysR e

js}qs js}qs RVWR c sWsaRPs s xmsLiTRsV ee

c ˳LRiRsVV.

L][NRPV s[LiVVryLRiV GT c sLiR ryLRiV sso* sVWRVs ORPQ᪫sVV. xmsLiTRVRV xL<Ri a][NRPsVVNRPV @dRVRV.

NSgS gRisVssNTP sWRWNRPRsVs saRPRVVj sLiRVVs][ c ysNTP c gRiR=LiLiRV\s sNSLRisVV sWRW ssVVVgRis[ ][RVsVgSs xqsRsVVVgS FsV ][RVsV?

@؃s \sLji sLiVW

xms sWR sVxqsNSLRiWRM e

sxLRi xqsLiRVsV LSM

xqssVLRixqs xqsVysV xqsLRi*][LRis[V ee 19

yee RV ZaP[LRiVRV @؃ssVs aRPRVso\|ms RVsVVsV ryjLi c ؃ssVs GsVgRiV sNTP xqsLRi*][LRisVQ\sVs xmsLRisWsLiRysVsVVs sxLjiLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:c

ARRVLiRV @yRVj c @yRRVLiRV ARVj @؃ssVV¿[ gRiVgRiVRVsj. ksss xqsLiryLRiLiR s[VLRiRV RVsj. @LiRV¿[ xqsLiryLRiLiRsVVsV gRigjiLiRV @؃ssVV aRPRVso.

ssVNRPVsRVLiRV @؃s RLRiVLiRso. [RV RVLiRV yss ˳تssVV c ARRVLiRV @yRVj ARs RVLiRVLiRso. C NSLRi᪫sVV¿[ @RRV @؃ssVs aRPRVsosV sLjiLisyRVgS gkiLjiLixmsRVRVyRV.

؃[RRV \sVsxmsoRVNRPy @؃s syaRPsVV! Bjg][ Bj yyxqssLRiWxmssVV @s zqsN]s c A sRVLi[ c ssyRV c gRiLRiWRVss \s˳[sRV\ xmsNSbPLiRVRVyRV.

@VsyRV @sV˳sLiRV AsLiRsVVsNRPV @LiRsVV [RV.

¿VsoV c xqsLRixqsV=V FsLiR |msR\sssV c xqssVVR sVVsV s NRPsVNRPV @s ss[ c @sVV[.

@[ AysLiRsVVsLiRV Bx[NRPsVV[s AsLiR sVVV c xmsLRi[NRPsVV[s AsLiRsVVV c BLiyjxmsRsVVV c xqsWLRiVssVVLiRV js sVgRiVs ss[sosV. AysLiRsVVsNRPV ryNSgRi AsLiRsVV s[L]NRP [s[[RV.

@؃ssVVsV @gRi]NTP ؃sgRiLRiWRV\s RVV LS @ xmsLRisWsLiRsVVs sxLjiLiRV RVyRV.

Bs[[ Bs (@؃ssVV\|ms sRVsVV c ؃sgRiL][x᪫sVV c xmsLRisWsLiysV˳ssVV) INRPys sLiT INRPgS ryjLixmsszqss sVWRV xmssVVNSso.

B]NRP[ NRPXRsVV. @؃ssVV\|ms sRVryRssVV! kxmssVV sVgRiVNRPVsV dNRP ]gRiVNRPVsV sVR @LiRLRi sVVLiRVsV c ؃[RRVsVV][ @؃ssVV ssxtsQsVgRiVsV. @RQ\sVs ؃s˳WsVNRPRVLiRV sRV[V xmsLRisWsLiRysV sLRisVV!

@LiRV¿[ sNRPyRV AyyRss[NRPsVVsV LiF~LijLiRV ryRssWLRisVVs @˳xqssVV rygjiLixmssRVVsV.

aSy xLiNRPX ][xtsQM

xqsVxqssWzR sWsxqsM N][7zms e

xmsplLi[sV bPbPLRi˳ت[

LSyss xqsRRzqsNRPM ee 20

yee xqsysLiRsVRV\sVs xmsLRixsVVs sRLRisVbdPV\s WgjiRVLiRV c "@xLiNSLRi][xtsQsVV' DLiRRV. @Rs sWsxqssVV @sQQ\sxmso sVLiTRVVsV Fso¿[RVT xqssWzR\sV RVVLiRVsV. xmsossVRLiRVss R\ss ˳تssVV][ sLiT AsLiRLRizqsNRPV\s @Wgji FsR[gSs ճLixmsRV.

ssLRisVV:

sVssVV xmsoVNRPV xmspLRi*sVV[sVV. sVLRi؃sLiRLRi sVVLiRsVV; @VNSNRP xqsXztsQNTP WLRi*sVV c xmsRWsLiRLRisVV NRPWR sLji*NSLRisVVgRi s RVVLiRVsj xqs` @sRVsV. xmsLRixsVV xqsR=Q*LRiWxmssVV. @j sRVsVV, (؃s xqs*LRiWxmssVV) sVLjiRVVsV AsLiRsVRVsVV.

[}LijRWRVRVLiRV "s[sV' @sT ˳تssVVsV sVxmso[V @xLiNSLRi][xtsQsVV. Bj A][xmsNTP gRi @sL][RsVV. kssss[ xqsLiryLRiLiRsVV.

ssVNRPVQ\s WgjiRVLiRV @xLiNSLRi][xtsQsVV DLiRRV. saRP*LRisVV\s [}LijRWRVsV ysVgS @RsRVsV ˳؄sLixmsRV. ss sVLRiLRizR\sV xqsy sLji*NSLRi sVVgS sVLiRV xmsLRixs[V yss @sV˳W RVLiyRRV ssVgRiVQQ\ RVVLiRVsV.

sVs sVsxqsV= ssRsxtsQRVsVVLiRV sOTPQxmsQ\sV RVVLiRVsV. ¿RLji xmsTRVVLiRVsV. INRP xqsLi][ RVsVV 輽sV. xmssWRsaRPsVVs @j ¿[LiVV Ljisj. RVsVV s[\|ms @sQQ\sxmsoNRPV ¿RLjiFLiVVss. @[ ssR sxtsQRVsVV RVLiRV ¿RLjixmsTRVVs sWsxqssVVsV c ARVsVVsV Fso¿[zqssV c WgkiLiRVRV FsLjiLiRVsV. xqssWzLRi sVVsLjiLiRVsV.

BgRiV¿[ ARs sWsxqssVV yxmsLRizRsVgRiVsV. RLiRVss R\ss @LiRMNRPLRi᪫sXRVV NRPy\Wgji sLiRLRizqsNRPV\ sLSVsV.

@xLiNSLRi][xtsQs[V sN][NTP sV˳ssVVsV NRPVgRi sRV[RV.

xtsQs xmsLRiRLRiysV

{qs*RVxqsVry*RxmsLRisaRPM N][7zms e

NS*zms yRV

NRPVxyRV NRPVyzms sXR \sQ*LRisV ee 21

yee xmsLRisWsR\sVs xxmsRsVVs szqsLiRVRV c AysLiR LRiryry*RxmsLRisaRPV\ c INRP][ yssVgRiVRV c s[L]NRP][ gSssVgRiVRV, BLiN]NRP][ sXRsVgRiVRV\s RLjiLiRV WgjisLRiV R[gSs ճLixmsRV.

ssLRisVV :

sWssoNRPLi [sRV c [sRNRPLi xLjixLRi zLRigRiLRiVVsV @jNRPVV. xmsLRixxmsyLRisVV yLjiLisV sVsQQ\Vsj.

""xmsLRisW\Q*R sجds sVRWLSRM xqs\sRV e

yLSRV[s LRiV[ Ry [\s Lji*ZaP[xtsQRM ee''

cxgkiR.

""@R*RV؃sxqsLixmssVQQ\s Wgji yNRPV xqsLRi*y xmspRV. yZNP[NSRV. yLSRVVsNRPV c LRiVRVsNRPVsV gRiWR @R yLSRVQ\ RVVyRV. BNRP [sRV AsVRVs sjNRPsVVgS }qssLixmsRgjisyLRis s[lLi[ ¿xmssNRPLRi[RV'' c @s xgkiR.

xsR*lLi[VRV BLiRxmsRss c xxmsRssgRiWR gRiTxmsLRiNRPgS ڿRVsV. @RRV RXNRPXR xxmsoLRiLiRLRiVRV. @RRsV˳sLiRV AsLiRsVV BLiRxmsRsVVs c xxmsRsVVs [RV. @LiRV¿[ xmsLRixsVV xqsL][*sR\sVsj.

WgjisLRiVRV xmsLRixs[V yss ؃s˳WsVNRP RVLiRV xqsVzqsLRiV\ c AysLiRLRiryry*R xmsLRisaRPV\ RVVLiRVsV.

[NRPsVV[s G AsLiRsVVsV AysLiRsVVsNRPV ry NSRV. sVLjiRVV sxtsQRWsLiRsVV sRVVsV c AysLiR rygRiLRisVV sVLiT ¿RLjis bdPNRPLRisVV[. RVLixmsLRi[.

""sy @lLi[ xmsRVM NSsWRV xmsM zmsW˳s'', c XxyLRiNRPsVV.

INRPssR Rs˳LRisV sVNTP }mssVLiRVRVsj. ysVgS AsVRVV, AsVsV ڿRVRVs [NRPsVVsV c AsVNRPV gRi xms}mssV @FyLRisVV. sLRiVxmssVsVV @s[V ˳؄sLiRVRVyLRiV. NSs yxqss sVj NSRV.

"AsVNRPV RsRVLi[ }mssV. xmsRVLiRV NSRV' c @s aRPV VxmsoRVsj. A˳LRiss RsNRPV xqsVsVV ճLiRVRVLiR¿[Rs[ AsV˳LRisV @LiRgS }mssVLiRVRVsj. Rs AsLiRsVVs\ZNP AsV xmss }mssVLiRVRVsj. AsVNRPV RsRVLi[ }mssV @s saRPRsVgRiVRVsj.

BV [NRPsVV[ FssLRiV [s sLiRgS }mssVLiRVRVsV NSss胫ssV ys NRPLiRNRPVsV AR}mssV[V NSLRi᪫sVV.

INRPRV Rs ˳LRisV sLiVN]s Gs yVRVyRV. GLRiV s[gRisVVgS xmsszLiRVRVsj. ˳LRisV Rs F~Rs xmsVN]s yRV Gs yVRVyRV.

xmsyxs[gRisVV ds[RV @jNRPsVVgRiVRVss. BRLjis NSFyRVN]sVRV sRRV NRPxtsQsVVgS sVsj. R, ˳LRi c BRLji NS ds[ [FsoRVss. yLRiV dsss VN]s s[زRVRVyLRiV. yRV C LiVVRLji][ Gs y ssVN]yRV. FssLjis sRV? R, ˳LRi. yRV Rs sRyRV. ˳LRisV VN]s sRVsrylgisV.

Rs[ GsRsV? ˳LRi s[ sR[RV? ys NTPxmsoRV R ssNRPLi ˳LRiss ճLiRV xqsVsVNRPV䪫s. @LiRV¿[ Rs sRyRV.

yRV ˳LRi][ sRRVRV INRPg][[ xmsTyRV. dslLiNRPV䪫sgS Dsj. yRV DNTPLjiNTPLji\VyRV. ˳LRisV LRiOTPQLiRVN]sVRV RssV LRiOTPQLiRVN]sV NRPxtsQsVszmsLisj.

RssV gRigSVN]sRVVs ˳LRisV sRLiRV N]syRV. ds[sVLiT R\|ms ZNPyRV. CRVN]s VVRVsNRPV [LjiyRV.

C DyxLRigSRsV N]Li¿sVV xmsLjibdPs ¿[RVVRsVV.

@RsNTP RdsVR ˳LRidsVR }mssVRVVsj. NSs RsdsVR }mssV FsNRPV䪫s. ALiVVRLjiss RsNRPV xqsVsVV ճLiRVRVsj gSs yRy LiVVRLjis [sVLiRVRV syRV. yLji\|ms }mssVNRPVgRiWR RsdsVj}mssV[V NSLRi᪫sVV. FsxmsoRV RsZNP[ sVVxmsV sRVRVsRs ][¿[ @xmsoyRRV INRPLjiRLRiVyR NRPLRiVgS yLiVVRLRisV G[ sR ysV RV xmsTyRV.

G AsLiRsVVsV AysLiRsVVsNRPV ryNSso.

@RQ\sVs AysLiRsVVssV˳sLiRV sVRVRV A RWsLiRsVVs LRisaRPV\ INRP][ yssVV }qsRVVRV xmsTRVVLiRVsV. INRP][ FyRVsV. INRP][ ARVsV. ""@RyysLiR sVjLSsVRVRV gRiy!''

@gRiX{yxmnsVNRPM

xmsaRPsVR xqss˳sVMN][7zms e

sNRPQXRNSLRiNRPxmsM

xtsQyss {qssVs NS*zms ee 22

yee xqsLRi*sVVsV zqssyRV c FyxmssWs sVLis y\ aSLiLis xqsLiNRPsVV xqsLiRTgRiy\ c xqsLRi*NRPLRisV sxqsLjiLi, sRVsj [NRP @LiRsV sLiTRVVs @LiR xmsLRixxqs*LRiWxmssVVs ssVgRiVQQ\ RVVLiRVsV. @ sVRV R[gSs ճLixmsRV.

ssLRisVV :

@xmnsVsVsgS FyxmssVV, Fyxms sVsyRLjiLiRVsV? sxtsQRWxqsNRPV yRLjiLiRVsV. sxtsQRWxqsNTP [}LijRVsVVRVLiR yyRQsVV][ sLiRVRVsj.

[NRPsVV lLiLiRV LRiNRPsVVV. FyxmsNSLSxqsNRPQ\sVsj. xmsoNSLSxqsNRPQ\sVsj. FyxmssVVRVM˳[gRisVVs\ZNP aRPLkiLRisVVsV |msVsV. xmsosVV xqsV؃sV˳ssVVs\ZNP aRPLkiLRisVVsV gRiLiRVsV.

Bs lLiLiRVsV sos xqsLiryLRisVVs LijLi RVVLiRV ss[V. lLiLiRVsV LiRsVV¿[. INRP BsVxmsxqsLiZNP. lLiLiRsj LigSLRiV xqsLiZNP.

@ssVV RsVRVLiRV sLis sxtsQRWxqsNTPs sgRizLixms ڲRRV. ysN]NRP @sL][RsVVsV gRiLixmsRV. sLjiL][RsVVgRi yss rygRisRV胫sV. @V܃sLjiLiRV¿[ FyFyRLRi᪫sVV xqsLi˳sLiRVsV.

BLiRVNRP \ssyLRiV c RsVRVLiR sxtsQRWxqsNTPNTP N]s xRVV c xmsLjisVRVV NRPLi c xqsV˳[gRisVVsV |msV xmsoNRPLRisVV yRLjiLiRVLRiV.

BRLRiVsV aRPLkilLi[LijRWRV][T yyRQsVV gRi ylLi[. BRLRiVsV ARrysWsVVsVLiT ˳xtsv\sylLi[.

[}LijRVsVV][T yyRQs[V xqsLRi*FyxmssVV NRPVsV sVWsVV. CaRPLkiLRisVVsV ysVgS ˳؄sLiRV[V sVFyxmssVV.

CyyRQsVVsV dsT WgjixmsoLigRisoRV sLSVsV @LiRV¿[ @RRV FyxmsoxmsosVVNRPV @dRV\ RVVLiRVsV. ysNTP (xmsoFyxmssVVNRPV) Lijs @sWsQ\sVssV ys RVLiRVLiRRV.

sVsxqsVsV RV[R骫sVVgS BLijRVsVV yLRiVgRiVLiy aRPصj sxtsQRVsVVsLiNRP xmsLRiVlgiR s胫sxmsoRV c ys RVLiRVR LiVVLiRV xqsLiNRPsVVsNRPV (N][LjiNRPNRPV) @LiR sVVLiRRV.

aRP xqsLRi+ LRiWxmsLRiryRV¿[ ANRPXxtsQsVgRiVRV RsVV ssR xqsLiNRPsVV][ sLiRVsV. (aRPsVVs LRisVLiRVRV xqsLRi+ xqsVsVVsV yLiLiRVsV. xqsLRi+xqsVsVLiRVLiT c LRiWxmsRLRi+s NSLiORPQ gRiRgRiVsV. BV ysRVLiR xqsLiNRPsVVNRPV @LiR sVVLiRRV).

B sxtsQRWճsVV xqsLiNRPsVV xqsLiRT[ c NSsV N][yRVV RVRVsV. @xmsoRV yRVNRPR*sVV ys ¿[RV[sNTP [sosV.

INRP sVsgRiLRisVVsLi [NSLRi᪫sVV¿[R[ xqssV LRiVgRiVRVsj. sVV FsNRPV䪫sgS dsRVRVLi[[ syRsVV ܃sLjiLiRVRV xmsLji˳sVLiRV RVyLRiV. @s[ RVLRisVV (gRiWLiyV) yLji][ gRiRVVRVLRiV. AxqssVVVNRP ORPQQsVV sWLjiFsosV. RVuyLRisVVV LRiVgRiVsV. zLixqs LRiVgRiVsV. syaRPsVV xqsLi˳sLiRVsV.

@V[ sxtsQRWճsVV sXRV @jNRPsVVs NSsV N][yRVV RV yyճd˳R=sVVsV gRiLiRVsV.

FyكsNRPV [xyyRQs[V [RV. BNRP ys RsVV BLijRVsVV yLRiVgRiVLiy sxtsQRVsVVsLiNRP xmsLRiVlgiRV FsV LRiVgRiVsV?

B xqsLiNRPLRizR\sVs sWsxqssVVs c NSsVN][yRVV RV }qs*y sLRi sVV ¿[RVVsV?

@LiRV¿[ WgkiaRP*LRiVs RsVV xqsLiNRPsVV xqsLiRT [s\ xmsaSLiRsVVgS sVLiRVsV.

@RRV ""@FyLRisVV c @sLiRsVV c @LiRsVV c s{qs=sVsVV c ryLRi*[bPNRPsVV c ryLRi*NSNRPsVV c s RVsVsj [NRP xmspLRi sxqsVso\s RVVs xmsLRixsVVsLiRV'' c xqsVzqsLSxqsy{qssV\ sLSVsV.

RxmsLi sVsM NRPVLRiLi

yLRiV gRiX{y* ssVLRi+ygRiVLRiRW e

sgRisWLRisLRiM

aSsM ZaP[[xqs*ysV N][7}msNRPM ee

yee RLiR\sVs sVsxqsV= @sT c [Ts, ssVLRi+ RVsT DRV胫s NRP c s[yLRisLji\V c @zqs c r~zqs ARysVsVVs xqsVsVVgRi ss][ aRPRVsLixms gRiVgRiVsV.

ssLRisVV :

[T RLiR\sVsj. @j xmsFyVNSsVV[ FsRN][ xmsLRiVlgiRVsV. yss VN]sV xqsVryRsVVNSRV.

@[ sVsxqsV=. @j ""xmssW c2 sxmsLRiRV c 3 sNRP c 4 sy c 5 xqsQX "sXRV' ssLiLi c sxtsQRWLRisVV RVLiRV sxLjiLiRVRVLiRVsV.

____________________

1. "xmssW c sxmsLRiRV c sNRP c sy c xqsQXRRVM'

cWgRixqsWRsVVV.

xmssW\RVsV sVsxqsVVVNRP sRNRPV.

1. xmssW᪫sVV :c Bj xmsRQORPQ c @sVsWs c AgRisV LRiWxmssVVs sVWRVLRiNRPsVVV.

2. sxmsLRiRVsVV :c @sgS sVy؃ssVV. INRPyss s[L]NRPgS RLiRV sxmsLRiRVsVV.

3. sNRPsVV :c aRPaRPs sWRsVVs sVsxqsV INRPLRiWxmssVV s[LRiLRiRVN]sV\ZNP NRPRVsV. A NRPRNRP sNRPsVV. (""LSxbdPL<RisVV'' @sLiRs[ yss ڲRNRPVssV c sVsxqsV INRP LRiWxmssVVsV NRPLiRVN]sVsV. @ NRPRNRP sNRPsVV.)

4. sR :c @˳تssVVsV (GsVRVVsV [NRPFsosV) ˳؄sLiRV\ZNPs sWszqsNRP\sVs sX sR.

5. xqsQX :c xmspLS*sV˳WR sxtsQRVsVVsV ˳تsyyL`iR sVV¿[ LRiWxmso gRiLiRVN]sV\ZNPsVsxqsV @sLiLiRVsX xqsQX.

aRPLRisVVsVLiT xqsLS+LRisVVsNRPV c yssVLiT LRiWFyLRisVVsNRPV c @sVLiT LRixqs c gRiLiyLRisVVNRPV @j xmssWصRV\s sXRVsV (sRNRPsV) sWLRiVRV RWNRPVRVLiRVsV, xmsLRiVsRVRVLiRVsV, @ yss sVsLjiLiRV FsV? NRPRNRPVLiR NRPs[RVV FsV?

sLRiLiRLRisVV xmsLRiVsRV [Ts VN]sVNRPV INRPs [y DRV誫sLi ryRssVV @sxqsLRisVV. sVsxqsVsV VN]sVNRPV ssVLRi+ c ARssVLRi+ c gRij*sVLRi+ rygjiLiRVRV RssV [}LijRWRVNRPLi ճsQQ\sVs yssgS ˳؄sLiRV INRP DRV誫s DxmsWgRi xmsRVsV. DRV[ NTP䃫s [Ts ARssVLRi+ssVV rygjiLiRVsVs sWsxqssVV sgRizLixmsRVsV.

@Rs[ yLji NRPsVg]sV NRPxtsQsVV. Gj FsRNRPV g]LiFso[ RVRV. @[ s[RsVV @LRisVVsLRiVLigRiV NRPxtsQsVV. sVNTP aRPsVLisysNTPgSs s[yLRisVV c @sgRiRsVV NSRV. @V aRPsVLis kLRiVsNRPV s[RsVVV "xqsLRi*Li x sVRV' sVs [jLiRVRVLi[ yRLRisVV gRiss sVgRiVsV.

@˳xqs\sLSgRisVV][ xqsVxtsv NRPR\sVs AR ssVLRi+ @sRV DRV[ sVsxqsV @sT [Ts NRP c s[yLRisVV[ jLjigjiLjigji c""xqsLRi*Li xsVRV'' sVs, ""s[x yyzqs NTP胫s c'' @s gRizLiRVRVLiRV @zqss WgjixqsRsVVRV c Ljigji Ljigji sVNTP @zqs, BLiNTP [Lji xqsVsVVgRi sjLis yss c "@xLi zqs' @s ؃s˳WsVNRP sjL][zLi c @ssVLRiVLigRisy\ sLjiVsV.

yLRiVRyxmnsVLi

kLRi sVsM RyLRiRW xy* e

@˳RWLRi[ N][7zms

\|qs#*LRi sLki RV[NRPM ee 24

yee #9; RsVsRV NRPWLRi\sVs Vs c kLRi\sVs sVsVM RsVVVVNRP yRLRi][ (xmsRVsV) LiTLi c ˳RVsVsj [s NSLiyLRisVVsLi ]LigS }qs*y sLji\V sLSV WgjixqsRsVVRV NRPN]NRP R[ ճLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:

|msRxmso @Rso[ }qs*RgS sLjiL][RsVVgS sxLjiLisV c RsVV aRPصj sxtsQRWLRisVVRVLiRV sxLjiLiRVsV.

V @sVXgRisVVsV yLRiV᪫sVVgRi ¿LiTsV c RsVVNRPWR @sVV\s dsyNRPsVVNRPV RLRixqsWRsVVNRPV LigRiRV xqsLjiNRPy. RsyLjiNTP @RVsRV dsss xqsLixLjiLiRVsV, gRizqsLis[RVVsV.

@˳xqs c \sLSgRisVV¿[ kLRi\sV c AyyR ss[NRP sVV¿[ xmsRVsNTP䃫s sVsxqssRV sVRsVV][ Fss][ Wgji sLRiVRV sWRsVV yss LiTLiRVsV.

BR xqsLixLjiLixmsRVsj RsVV, yss LiTLiRV RsVV sVsxqsV @s ¿xmssV. RsVVsNRPV c sVsxqsVsNRPVsV CxtsQ[RsVVssV c @s lLiLiRVsV @LiRMNRPLRi᪫sVV[s ˳gRisVV[NRPy! (sV[ VRxLiNSLRisVV xqsLixmso[V @LiRM NRPLRi᪫sVV) INRP yxmnsVsVVNSgS c s[L]NRP R\sV yss LiTLiRV FsV? @sV xqsLiaRPRVsVVsNRPV @sNSaRPsVVsj. NSsc

""sVs Gs sVsVuyLi c NSLRiLi ssWORPQWM

yRV sxtsQRWxqsNRPLi c sVVZN^PQQQ sLji*xtsQRVLi sVsM.

sN][ xqsLiryLRiR\sV NRPVLiRVNRPV, sWORPQ˳sVV¿[ AsLijLiRVNRPV lLiLiTLiNTPs sVs}qs= NSLRi᪫sVV. @[ LiRsVVsV |msVsV. @[ sVVNTP ˳sVVsV gRigjiLiRVsV.

sxtsQRVsVVsLiNRP xmsLRiVs LiRsVVsNRPV, sxtsQRVsVV sVLiT ssVNRPNRPV sVLRi, sLji*xtsQRV\sV sVVNTP˳sVVsNRPVsV @j NSLRi᪫sVgRiVRVsj.

sX˳[RsVV¿[ Rs[V yxmnsVsVV, @j[V RsVV @gRiVRVsj.

sxtsQRWճsVVsX RsVVsV Vs [zqs ˳RVsVVsV (xqsLiryLRisVVsV) |msVRVsj. @xmsos\ssV c @˳xqs\sLSgRisVV¿[ ARssVLRi+¿[ c sxtsQRVxmsLSV sXs AsVsxqsVsLiRV NRPLixmsgRilgiy Vs sVs sxtsQRWճsVVsX sWzqsFsosV, LiTRsVgRiVsV.

"j*dRW\Q*˳RVLi˳s' c lLiLiRsRVsRs RLi sLiRsLRiNRPVsV ˳RVsVV RxmsRV. ˳RVsVsgS xqsLiryLRisVV. C xqsLiryLRisVV @RssLij. ˳RWLRiQ\sVs xqsLiryLRisVVsNRPV slLi[NRP \sVsRgRiV¿[ @˳RWLRisVsgS xmsLRixsVV.

sVsxqsVsV sLji*xtsQRV sVVsLjiLis sVRVRV "GNRPs[Vyj*dRVLi x' @s ؃s˳WsVNRPsV @jL][zLi c LiRsVVNRPVRgRiV¿[ xqs*RLiRV\ c Dsj yNRP䮲[ @s @sV˳ssVV][ sxLjiLiRVsV.

ryyLRiVNRPV CNSLRisVV ryRsVV NSRV. Fss][ WgjixmsoLigRisoRV sWRs[Vkss ryjLixmsgRiRV.

@syLjiNRP :c

BsVLiT sVVxmsjsVWRs a][NRPsVV sLRiNRPVsV ZaP[xtsQ¿[ c LRiWxmsNRPsVV¿[ ARsyxqsLixmssVs \s˳ssVVsV sLjiLiRV RVyLRiV.

xqss xXRRV xqsL][

[dssNRPLRi kNRPLRi xmsxqsLRiM e

GN][ RVsLRixmspuy

sL][xtsQ aRPLRi N][7zms RgRis[ ee 25

yee Rs Vj NTPLRixmsryLRisVV¿[ xqssV xXRRsVV sV sNRPzqsR sVVsLRiVRV RVsLRixqsWLRiVRV yNSaRPsVV sLiRV @R*RVsVWLjiQ\V sLSV RVLiRVsV. @ sVRVRV @LRiVRVgS ճLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:

BLijRVsVVsV @RVxmsos V\ZNP RVLiRV, sVsxqsVVVNRP sxtsQRWճsVV xmssXs sL][jLixms RVLiRV, xmsLRisWysV˳ssVVs\ZNP RRsoN]sVRVLiRV xqss ORPQ᪫sVV.

NSsVN][yRVV INRPRVLRisVs RVLiRV sWRs[V NSRV, @LiRLji RVLiRVsV (xqssVRVLiRVsV) DRLiVVLiRVsV. RsRVLiRV DRLiVVLis NSsVN][yRVsV rygRisRVyRV RVLRisVRV. yss @LjiNRPRVLiRVyRV xqssVRV. sVsxqsV VVNRP sxtsQRWճsVVxmssXNTP ry*gRiRsVV xmsVNRPVyRV RVLRisVRV. AxmssXs sRLixmsRVLiRVyRV xqssVRV.

sV˳sxqsLixmssVQQ\s WgjisLRiVRV c xmsLRisWysV˳ssVVs\ZNP RRsoN]sVRVs xqssVsNRPV sWLRiRLRi+NRPVRgRiVsV. (RVLRisVsNRPV c CyLiR[V [RVgSs, yRV |msRgS sWLRiRV).

FsLiRVNRP sxmsV rNTPsLiRs[ *LiRVsV. xmsNRPsV sxmsV sRVsV sVLissV F~gRi[VNSs *LSRV.

xqsWLRiNTPLRi᪫sVVV rNRPgS xmsRsVV sNRPzqsLisV Wgji sLRiVs Vj xmsxqsLjiLisLiRs[ xqssxXRRVsVV sNRPzqsRsVgRiVsV.

@LiRsLRiNRPV yLji]LRiNRPNRP N]VsVزRVRVs xqssVsNRPV WgjisLRiVs ryLigRiRsVV @sVgRixsVV sVgRiVV sLRisV AysV˳ssVVsNRPV sWLRiRLRi+NRP sVgRiVsV.

"yNSaRPsVV' @sgS ؃yNSaRPsVV @sgS xs[V.

xqsLiRRsVV yNSaRPsVVs ][xtsQLRizRV\ (aRPLkilLi[LijRV yyRQsVV [sy\) A][xms\ZNP RVRbdPV\lLi RVVs sVNRPV sVgRiVV sLRisV xXRRV sNSxqssVV ¿[NRPWLRigRi sVRVQ\s RVsLRixqsWLRiVRV RVLRi˳VRV.

NRPVsRV sNSxqsNSLRi

sV؃s y*s N_sVVkxmsM e

aRPV][ sVVdssRsM

xqsVLRi}qss[ xqsN][7zms sxtsvxms[ ee 26

yee NRPVsRVsNSxqsNSLRi\sV c @؃ssVsV dNRPs LRi][V N_sVVj (ss) sLi xmsgRiy\ xmsLjiaRPVRV\s WgjiRLiRVRV c [s}qssQ\sVs sxtsvxmsRsVVs sLSV RVyRV.

ssLRisVV:

BLiR NRPVsRV c N_sVVk c sxtsvxmsR aRPsVVV lLiLi[zqs @LRisVVRVLiRVxmsWgjiLixmssV.

NRPVsRVsVsgS c NRPVs, ˳WsV, N_sVVj c @sgS, ss, yNRPLRi aSxqsQsVV. sxtsvxmsRsVsgS c ANSaRPsVV, xmsLRixsVV.

xmsossV y yNSaRPsVVs sLRisVVgS NSbPLiRV RLiRLisVV c sssV gRiVLjiLiVVLi dNRPs LRi][ sV c NRPVssV sNRPzqsRsVV gSsLisV c

WgjixqsRsVVRV aRPVRV\ (RsNRPLi s[\lLisys xqsLiLiRsVV N]Li¿sVVsV [sy\) xmsLRixs[V y\s [LjiVRV c Rs xms¿[ (x؃ssVV¿[) @؃ssVVsV syLjiLiRVRV c C xmsoRsV ZNP sNSxqssVVsV gRigjiLiRV RVyRV.

@ Wgji xqsV˳FyxmsoRV NSRV.

ry*sysVXR}qs\ZNP LSsLRi

xqsyxms xqssLi aRPsVRVs e

RsVRsX bP][*QsVs

˳ؼWgjisLRixmnsVsM ee 2`

yee AysLiysVXy}qsRssVV¿[ c @LiRLRisVV\s xqsLiyxmssVV s aSLiLixms[RVVRV c yNSaRPsVVs RV sLRis[VxmnsVsVV @RLiRsXQ\V sLSV RVsj. Bj RsVV!

ssLRisVV :

s[VxmnsVsVV yLRisV sL<jiLiRVsV. xsR*lLi[VQ\s WgjisLRiVRV AysLiysVXRsVVsV sL<jiLiRVsV.

s[VxmnsVsVV yLS}qsRssVV¿[ (RRVxmso¿[) RV yxmssVVs xLjiLis[RVVsV. WgjisLRiVRV AysLiRyLS}qsRssVV¿[ [xms yxmssVVs (xqsLiryLRisVV ss sLiRV sWszqsNRP yxmssVV) xLjiLiRVsV.

s[VxmnsVsVV xqsWNSaRPsVVs RLiRsXQ\V RVVLiRVsV. @sgS sLRiLiRLRisVV RLiRVRVLiRVsV. RVsLRiVRV yNSaRPsVVs zqsLRiV\ RVVLiRVsV.

xsR*LRiV\s RVNTPs s[VxmnsVsVVsNRPVsV N]s RVLiRV FNRPRVVsj. NSs @j xyxmssVVsV xLjiLixmsgS c WgjisLRiVRV ALiRLRixqsLiyxmssVVsV aRPsVLixms [RVVRVyRV. @j RLiRsX NSgS CRVsLRis[VxmnsVsVV @RLiRsX @gRiV RsVV.

RVZaP[LRiVRV xmsLRixsVV y\s RVVyss s ssRVsV sRVsRV! @RRVs][ AysLiy sVXRsVV ssLjiRVVsV.

ryLiryLjiNRPsVV\s yxmssVV¿[ sLRiLiRLRisVV RzmsLiRV @LiRLRiLigRisVV AsVRVs xqssjRVLiRV yxmsLRizR\sV Rs aSLis @sV˳sLiRVsV.

xqsVsVsM rLRi˳ sVV

xqsLRi syLjiy aSsM e

xqsLiRVsV yLRiV xqsdsVL][

sxLRiyss xqsLisyLSs[V ee 28

xmsp][[ sxLjiLi sRV¿[ c xmspyxqss gRiVLixmsosV sLiVN]s s胫s sV[xLRi sWLRiVRsVV c xqsNRPFyV @xqssV syLjiLisV c

xqsLiRVdsVLiRVRV [s[NRPxmso xmsLjisVsVVsV sRVRV c ysV xqsLiRLjiLis][ ssVNRPV ryLiryLjiNRP yFxmsaSLis ryjLiRVRV c ؃ysLiRsVRV\sVs xmsLRixsVVs sxLjiLiRVRVLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV :c

xqsVsVsaRP+sVVsNRPV xmspsoV c [sRV @s lLiLiRLRisVVV.

xmsp][sVLiT xmspyxqss][ s胫sgS c sV[xLRisVVgSsVLiRV[V NSNRP c aRPLkiLRi yFyxms[RsORPQsV\sV RVVLiRVsV.

"@V[ "@xLizqs' @s ؃s˳WsVRVLiRV sRsVV sxLjiLiRV y\s xqsLiRVdsVLiRVRV NRPRs yVsV, ys sLi [sRV NRPRsRVLRiV. @RRRVgjiTs ][ s ryLiryLjiNRP\sVs yxmssVV RLjiFsosV.

@LiRV¿[ BR xqsLiRVdsVLiRVRV xqsVsVsr=LRi˳xqsLiRVVR xqsVLiRLRixqsdsVLRisVVgS [L]䃫sT xqsLRi*sV ryLiryLjiNRP yxmssVVsV aSLiLixms [RVVyRVgS sLjiLixmssV.

INRP]NRP][NRPV NRPR s胫sxmsoRV c @RNRPV ys aRPLkiLRi sVVNRP[V LSRV, ys xqs*˳تs gRiVصRVVNRPWR yss sLiTLi sRV胫sV.

INRP RVLRisVRV sVsxqsdsVxmssVVsNRPV s NRPWLRiVLiRgS c sVssVV \|msNTP RVs @aSLis @sV˳sLiRVNRPV c ys sLi ys RVLS骫ssVVsRVVsV sRV[V NSLRi᪫sVV ys xms˳تss[V sVsRVLiRV @aSLis lLi[ZNPLiRVsV.

@[ INRP xqssVRV INRP xsRVRsVVRV NRPR s sxmsoRV c ys xqsy骫ssVV c ys AR؃sxqsLixmsR NRPWR yssLi sRV胫sV @xmsoRV sVssVV sVsNRPV RVs AsLiR sVVsV aSLis @sV˳sLiRVsVV.

@xmsxqsVR\sVssV BR NRPsW ! bPyLSRNRPV\ xLjis [*ztsQLiRVyLRiV, suy*LSRNRPV\ bPsos [*ztsQLiRV yLRiVsV DyLRiV. yLRiV sVWLRiVV.

bPsoRsgS ARVs xLRiWxmss[V NSRVgRiy! @LiRLRiLigRisVV][ gRizqs NRPy bPsxqs*LRiWxmssVV! bPsos @LiR LRiLigRisVV[ FssLRiVyLRiV? xLjiRVVyRV! LSsVVRVyRV! "yLSRVzmsRV sVs sVyxmsLRiLi' yLSRVzmsRVV\s bPsos @LiRLRiLigRisVVs xLji sLiTRVVyRV.

NSgS FssLRiV bPsoyLSjLiRVRVyL][ c yLRiV xLjis ALSjLiRVRVsQ[ ! sVLjiRVV c bPsosNRPV dFyR\sVRVVs xLjis [*ztsQLisxmsoRV yRV ¿[RVVsj bPyLSRs sVgRiVsV?

B[ xLjiRVVsV @LiRLRiLigRisVVs bPso\ RVVyRV!

"xLRiWxmss[V NSRV. @LiRLRiLigRisVVgRiWR NRPR sRV胫sV. yss NRPWR gRisVsLixmssRVVsV' @s rysWs sxtsQRVsVV ssLRiV gRiVLjiLixmsL][ c yLjiNTP c C [*xtsQsVVV. @xqsV!

xsR*LRiVRV xqsLiryLRiyxmssVVsV aRPsVLixms[RVV AysLiR rLRi˳sVVsV sRVRVLiRVsV.

sZaP[+QRV xqs xqsLRixqsxmns[

sLRi s؃s xmss sV[[ e

dsR˳##[V szmssR[

RVbPNRP[ s˳ؾ[NRPM ee 29

yee sLRi\sVs s؃ssVsRV soLSNRPV][ c sV[xLRi\sVs sWORPQsVsVRV LRixqssLiR\sVs xmnsxqsLixmsR][ sLSRVVs c ˳RVLRizR\sVs NSLiyLRisVLiRV c RVsLRi sVRsVLSsVV ILigS s˳zqsLiRVRVsj.

ssLRisVV :

"j*dRW\Q*˳RVLi˳s' lLiLiRsj DsRsVN]ss yVsV, ˳RVsVV xqsLi˳sLiRVsV, ˳RV sVsgS xqsLiryLRisVV. ysNTP slLi[NRP\sVsRgRiV¿[ @˳RWLRi sVsgS c xmsLRixsVV.

@R*RV ؃sxqsLixmssVQQ\s WgkiLiRVRV c @˳RWLRi sLji\Vs sVR sVRVWLRisVVgS (ssV) BLiRV LRiWzmsLixmssV.

@LRisVssLiRs[ ¿V ysNTP so c xmnsxqsLixmsR DLiRsRVVsVgRiy!

BR xmsLRixsVVsV gRiWLji胫s xmsLjiaRPVR ؃ss[V soLSNRPVVgS xmssV. sWORPQsVV xmnssVVgS [L]䃫s sV.

soLRiV sVVLiRVxmso c xmspso c zmsLi c NSRV c xmsLiRV RLRiVyR GLRiRVsV. @V[ sVVRj xmsL][ORPQQ؃ssVV c RLRiVyj sV˳ssVV.

""@zqs } ¿[[*R xmsL][ORPQ ؃s s[Vs R` e

@xLi } ¿[[*R ryOSQyLRi xqs= DR[ ee

cs[ys xmsRbdP.

x sVVsRs RVV sVVR RaRP c @j xmsL][ORPQQ؃ssVV. ys[ AxmsLRixsVs FsVLigRiV lLiLiRs RaRP. ksNTP ryOSQyLRisVs }msLRiV.

@LiRV¿[ BR ARFyzmsQ\ZNPs s؃ssVV so sVVRsVVgS ¿xmssV.

sWORPQs[VsV LRixqssLiR\sVs xmnssVVgS zmsyLRiV. [NRPsVV[s xmnssVVRVLiRV c ]NRP c LiNRP c gjiLi sLis FyLRis[RVRgjis xmsyLRisVVVsW DLiLiVV. NSs sWORPQxmns sVjNSRV. BRLiRRVV LRixqss[V. Bj ZNP[s LRixqs xqs*LRiWxmssVV. BLiRV xmsLjixLjiLixmsRgjisj [RV. "LRir\sxqsM' @s aRPV. LRixqssVV c AsLiRsVV c AsLiRs[V xmsLRix xqs*LRiWxmssVV.

@RsRVLi]LigS ssV sLjiLisV c ZNP[s؃sLiR LRiWxms\sVs xmsLRixsVVsLiRV Fss][ ˳gRiaS \Vs RV ZaP[LRiVRV sxLjiLixms s[LRiV胫sV; sLjiLixmsgRiVsV.

"bPM NRP[ RVxqs xqsM c bPNRPM' c NRPLihRisVVs sVxmso gRiyRV, bPsoRV @s bPNRPLihRiaRPLRisVV. BR RgjiNSLRisVV¿[ ssV @sV @LRisVVs DxmsWgjiLixmssV. dsNRPLihRi aRPsVV [y ! @[ BjRVVsV.

sryLRi ˳Vss sVLRiVR

sVVy=RWssryLRi LRixqsxmsplLi[ e

sLRixqsLRizqs s[V7zqss

xmsLRixLixqsM N][7zms ks\|qs#*LRisV ee 30

yee sry=LRi\sVs FsyLjisLi [NRPsVVsV dsT, AysLiR LRixqsxmsLjixmspLRiQ\sVs ؃sxqsL][sLRisVVsLiRV }qs*ysLji\V sLSV xmsLRisVxLixqs sVWLji c FsR[gSs NRPsVRRV.

ssLRisVV:

FsyLjiRVLiRV FsLiRsWsoV ¿lLi[gji ˳Lis gRigjiLiRVsV. ys sLiRVN]s RzmsNRP dLRiVN]ssRV胫ss xmsLRiVsRV[V NSs @s @LiRso, @LiRV sVVsW [RV. CxmsLRiVsoss RzmsNRP sVLjiLiR |msLRiVgRiVsV.

CxqsLiryLRisVV[s xqsVsVj. @sgS FsLiRsWsosV gSLi sVs ˳Li][ c Bjg][ sVV! BNRP yVgRiRVgRiVV! @sVRV xmsLRiVs sV[ c

xqsLiryLRisVVs gRiWR lLi[xmsoxqsVLiRVsVV, C INRP xqsLi.LRisVV gRiR¿y صR[RV c ByjgS xqsVsVVsV ˳sxtsQRV[ ˳؄sLiRVRV RVNRPLiRRVV gRiRxmso[VNSs @LiRVN]s xqsVsVV[RV; @sV˳sLis LiVV[RV, DLiRRV. xqsLiryLRisVV [s xqsVsVj.

Fss][ FyٲRV sWRs[V FsyLjiRVLiRV s c Bs FsLiRsWsoV, Bj sVVNSRV, dss\ZNP xmsLRiVsRV sLRisVV c @s gRizLi, xmsLRiVsRV sWs ssVjLjigjisV c

Fss][جs sxtsQRVxqsVsVVsVLiT sLRiRV\ @sgS sxtsQRV xmsLSVV\ c AysLiRLRixqsxmsLjixmspLRiQ\sVs ؃s xqsL][sLRisVVs sxLjiLixmss[LRiV胫sV.

BR "xmsLRixLixqs' @sV aRPsVV c "LSxLixqs c WgkiLiRVRV' @sV @LRisVV RVLiRVxmsWgjiLixmssV.

AysV˳ssVVs c ssVNRPNRPV sRRV[V xmsoL][gRisVssVV.

"sWLiRWNRPsVV' @s INRP DxmssxtsQRV. sVLiRWNRPsVsgS NRPxms. sWLiRWNRPsVsgS NRPxmsNRPV xqsLiLijLisRs rysWyLRisVV.

A aRPsVVsV gRiWLji INRP WgjisLRiVRV BV ¿|mssV.

sWLiRWNRPsVV @sgS NRPxmssRNRP. NRPxms sVVLiRVNRPV RWNRPsLisxmsoRV ssVNRP NSQ\|ms [ sRVsV. RLRiVyR RWNRPVsV. @j sVVLiRVNRPV FRLi RsssVNRP NRPRVRVsj. @[ AysV˳ssVVNRPWR ssVNRPNRPVsRNRP.

sxtsQRVsVVsVLiT BLijRVsVVNRPV c yssVLiT sVsxqsV sNRPV cB ssVNRP ssVNRPNRPV [so[V BR xmsoL][gRisVssVV.

ARFyzmsQ\ZNPs sxtsQ xqsLixqsR sLijRVRVsRgRiV¿[ c ARFyzms ssVNRPNRPV sRRVss sWRsVV ճLiRVsj RVgRiV¿[ Bj "sWLiRWNRPsVV'.

A @LRisVV FydsVV ¿zmssjNSRV. NSs c BjRVVsV xqssVLixqssVVgRis[ ][RVRVsj.

NSgS sxtsQRVxqsVsVVV FsLiRsWso[s sVVs gRizLi yssLiNRP xmsLRiVsosV sLRisVLiRV c sLRisVLi ssVjLRiVgRiV c ssVjLjigji AR˳sVV¿[ AsLijLiRV c @sVsj sV˳ssVVs\ZNPs NRPsVsVV.

C NRPsVsVVsV @sVxqsLjiLi AsLiRxqsL][sLRisVVs sxLjiLixmsgRi xmsLRisVxLixqs FsR[ ճLiRVsV.

sgRisV xmss[

sgRisV bPLRixqssQ bdPR[ys[ e

sVRVLRiRLRi sVVyRM

NRPWyQ}qs RVdsNRPNRPM ee 31

yee INRP Rs DyssVV, @j @LiRsV so ]Tgji RVVsj. @ sssVVsV [Ljis N][LiVV c sVRVLRi sVLi NRPVxNRPVx yRsVVsV RLjiLisV c

ssRaSxqsQsVV¿[ DxmsXLizR\sVs DxmssxtsQRLiR sVVsV ry*RVRsVVsLjiLiRVN]ss WgjixqsRsVVRV sVRVsVRV˳xtsQV\ sLjiVsV.

ssLRisVV :

sgRisVbPLRixqsV=sgS DxmssxtsQRVV. @s @R*RV sV˳ssVVsV [jLiRV sxtsQRVxqsLixmsR][ sLSVRVss. @LiR sxtsQRVsVV xqsLiryLRi yxmssVVsV DxmsaRPsVLixms [RVVsj. @LiRV¿[ @j bdPR[yssVVgS LRiWzmsLixms sV.

so ¿VNRPV xmsoztsQs @LiRsVVsV |msLiRVsV; @[ ssR aSxqsQxmsLji؃ssVV¿[ DxmssxtsQRLRisVV s˳zqsRsVgRiVsV. @ gRiV¿[ aSxqsQ؃ssVV xmssxqssVVyRVsVVgS LRiWzmsLixmssV.

N][NTP yNRPV sVRVLRisVV. DxmssxtsQRLiyLRiWRV\s RVZaP[LRiVs yNRPV sVRVsVRVsVV. @LiRV¿[ RVxqsRsVVRV BLiRV NRPNRPLihRisVVgS LRiWzmsLixmssV.

RVxqsRsVVRV |msRs szmss yVsV, sV˳ssVVsV gRiWLji xmsxqsLigjiLiRVsV, @RTRLRisVV sWزRRV.

xsRsV gRiWLji胫s xmsxqsLigRisVVNRPLi sVRVLRi\sVsj [RV.

[NRPsVV[ Fs[ sLiR sLiR gSRV DLiRsRV胫sV. @s[sRVVsV xsy xmsxqsLigRisVVs sVRVLRisVVV NSso. @ssRVVsV xmsLRiVgSRV. xsRW! @j AR NRPR! RsNRPR! sVsNRPR!

ANTPLis VsV, AaRPLRisVVsV gRigjiLiRV gSR! dssVTs VsV, sxmsLkiR\sVs xqsLiryLRiyxmssVVs DxmsaRPsVLixms[RVVgSR e

¿soTs VsV, RsVVsV ry*RVR sVVsLjiLiRV NRPR!

a][R NRPVxLRisVV 胫s VsV, @؃ssVLRisVV sLiRLjiLixms[zqs, ARxqsWLRiVs ryOSQRLjiLixms[RVV NRPR!

@LiRV¿[ DxmssxtsQRLiyLRiWRV\ RVZaP[LRiVs yNRPVV xmsLRisVsVRVLRisVV s VxmssV.

(BR "sVVyRM' @s][ c ANSLSsyy aRPsVV DxmsWgjiLixmsT xmsoLisy骫ssVV ¿[RVsV. Bj RNSLSs yNRPsVV NSRV).

yLjiR sWxsV[˳[

RWLkiNRPXR xqsNRPRVLjiRaSLRiWM e

sV][ RsVzqsLixsL][

sxLRiyss sRR NSylLi[ ee 32

yee xqsVsaS\sVs AsLiR NSLiyLRisVVs c @؃ssVs sVRgRisVVsV sVV s c FyxmssVsRV Vs xmsLiVVR sVVsLjiLi, جs zqsLixsVV ry[s\ sxLjiLiRVRVsj.

ssLRisVV:c

"gRiRV sVRRVs, x xqsRsVs' c FsssNTP sLRiQ*LiR*sVVgRi sxqs=LiaRPRVsVV zqss¿胯[, RVV[V NSRV, @sV˳ssVVsNRPV @Li[ c @RRV جs.

NSs c yNSLiNSLRi c aSryQRV xmsLjiRRV sVLiR RVVssV c gRisyR*sVVsV ˳؄sLixmssyRV, x xqsRR ssV˳sLixmssyRV, ""[ \|s yxmsLRiM'' c @s xsVVy\s xmsNSbPLixmssyRV جs @sRRV.

B ؃ssVV c x؃ssVV FsssRVLiRV DRLiVVLi¿[ @RRV zqsLixsVV sLiyRV.

zqsLixsVV GsVgRiVsV c @LiRsVV NRP\ssV d ¿LiT xqsLixLjiLisV c جs\Vs WgjisLRiVRV c AR RVLiRyRVjs, @yRRVLi yRVjs gRiLiRVRV cLRiNSsVV sVLiTRVV xmsTRVVs @؃ssVVsV xqsLixLjiLiRVsV.

sVLjiRVV zqsLixsVV Vs FyLRi][sV c جs\Vs RV ZaP[LRiVRV FyxmssVVsV xmsLiVVR sVVsLjiLiRVsV.

aRPLkilLi[LijRV yyRQsVV FyxmssVV.Fyxmss[V NSRV, xqsNRP FyxmssVVNRPVsV sVWNRPLiRsVV. @ FyxmssVV جs RVLiRVLiRRV.

@LiRV¿[ جs\Vs WgjizqsLixsVV c @؃s gRisyLji\V xmsLiVVR FyxmsaSLRiW\sV AsLiRNSLiyLRisVVsLiRssLRiRsVV sxLjiLiRVRVLiRVss sLjiLixmssV.

@؃s sVXgRisL][R

s؃[RV aRPXbPLjiR[ e

sV xqsbdPR[

RVsLRiNRP˳[ sLS[ sxLRis ee 33

yee @؃ssVsRV sVXgRiLS¿[ sRVsTs c s؃s sVsRV xqssVVsR \ZaPbPLRisVLiRV c xmssVVs bdPR\sVs @LigRisVVVgRi c RVsLRi sV[˳ sVVLiRV sxLjiLiRVRVsj.

ssLRisVV :c

@؃s sVLiRsLRiNRPV sRVVLiRV[ c @LiRsLRiNRPVsV c AR˳sVVs NRPVxmsNRPLjiLiRV s؃s sVLiR FsNRPV䪫sgS sVssV xqsVsVVdsRVRV.

zqsLixsVV szqsLiRV N]LiRN]sVV FsLiR FsRVgSsVssV @j sLSxmsRsVVNSRV, @˳RV ryssVV NSRV. @V[ @˳xqs \sLSgRisVV¿[ @؃ssVVsV ([R˳Lis) syLjiLiRV N]ssyRV c ZNP[s\sVs s[yLiR gRiLiRs؃ssVV sLiR |msLiRVN]sssV c @j xqsLiryLRiLiRsVVsV syLjiLixms RV.

@V ZNP[s s[yLiRs؃ss[V xqsLiryLRi˳RV syLRiNRP \sVs][ c s[yLiRgRiLiR LRiRLiVVRV, DxmssxtsQRVxmsyxqsNRPVV c @LiRLRiVsV ssVQQNTPs ryjLis sVxmsoLRiVxtsv N][[sZNP[ ¿[LjiRVVLiRVLRiV.

@˳xqs\sLSgRisVV¿[ @؃ssVV xmspLjigS ]gji FLiVVsyRV sWRs[V c ARFyzmsQ\ZNPs s؃ssVV @˳RV ryssVgRiVsV.

@xmsoRj zqsLixsVVdsTs xqssVVsR \ZaPbPLRisVVsLij.

sLRiؿR xmspLRisVVsLi RsgSxssVV aRPLkiLRiyxmssVV s xLjiLisV c AR syxqsLixmssQQ\sVs Vj xqsLiryLRi yxmssVV sVxmsaRPsVLixms[RVVsV.

INRP gRiVs GsVgRiV zqsLixsVVdsTs xqssVVsR \ZaPbPLRi sVVsc sLRixmspLRisVVs ssVgRisVgRiVRVc aRPLkiLRi yxmssVVs syLjiLiRVN]sVRVc}qs*RgS sLRiRVsVVgRi sxLjiLisVc

Fss][ RVsLRiVRV sWRs[V c @˳xqs\sLSgRisVV¿[ @؃ssVV syLjiRsVVNSgS c AR˳sVV RsLiRV s؃ssVV][ sLiTs VjRVLiRV RLjiLiRVRV (ARsyLRi rygjiLiRVRV) xqs*RLiRV\ (LiRsVVc˳RVsVV [sy\) sxLjiLixmss[LRiV胫sV.)

BR @؃s zqsLixsVVNRPV c s؃s\ZaPsVVNRPVcRV NRP˳sVVNRPVc@˳[RLRiWxmsNRPsVV ¿[zqs $xqsybPs[LiRVV C sVLRisVVsV ssLjiLi RVVyLRiV.

ZNP[s s[yLiRs؃ssVV xmsWsNSLji NSRV c

[R˳Lis ]gjiLiRVN]ssRVVsVc @s yRLRisVV. @V NSsyRV c C ˳Li zqsLixsVVs gRiLjiLixmsgS c NRPWRs DxmssxtsQj*؃s sVLiR FsNRPQ\ssV xmsظRVssVV RgjiLiRVsV.

yry szyO][Q

ysWj˳[ syLjiR ry*sM e

Rds R[xtsv RRQ*Li

yRVyQ}qs RVM N][7zmsee 34

y yrygRisVVs NRPLi RWxmsosV szms c ysV LRiWFyjNRPsVVsVLiT sVsxqsVsV sVLRi c skdLRisVVRVLis][ WgjixmsoLigRisoRV c RRQ*LiRsxmsLRiV\ RVVLiRs[LRiV胫sV. ssLRisVV:c

sVsxqsVsV sxtsQRVsVVsVLiT ssVNRPNRPV sVLRi GNSgRi sVVsLjiLiRV\ZNPs ryRssVV[ c ˳WsVRRXztsQ xmsaRPxqs \sVsj.

Bj[V yrygRi RXztsQ RVsRVsV. yry @sgS yzqsNRP, sVVNRPV. ysVVNRP @gRisVV @sgS @j ALRiLi˳sVgRiV][V ˳WsVRsVV. N]LiRLRiV @VgSNRP yzqsNRPVVNRP N]ss[ yrygRisVVgS ˳؄sLiRVLRiV. "yrylgi[ sssNTPNRPLi'c @jRVVsV RVVNRPs[V:! lLiLiRVsV xqssWsxmnsRsVVs[ NRPgjiLiRVsV. lLiLiTLi @˳xqssVVss xmsRsVRaRP[ ˳WsVR sVVsLi ]NRP xqsLiRsVV (@RLRiV) @sV˳ssVVsNRPV sRV胫sV.

@xqsV CRXxtsvV c @sWRXztsQ c xmspLjisWRXztsQ xmsxmsRQXztsQ c @s sVWRV LRiNRPsVVVgS xmsVRVLRiV. @sWRXztsQ RVsgS NRPsVV sVWzqsN]s yrygRisVVsV c ˳WsVR sVVsV ˳؄sLiRV c ysLiRV c NRPsVsVLRiRVVLi @[ xmsss rygjiLiRV c xmspLji sWRXztsQ. NRPsV sLRisWRVVgS sVLi c yrygRisVV\|ms RWxmso sVxmso xmsxmsRQXztsQ.

BV N]Li¿sVV ˳[RsVV][ sVs C RXxtsvRVLiRV [s s˳zqsLissV c ˳WsVRsVVsLiR "FyRVs' @sV gRiLij \¿RssLiRsVgRiVsV. @j \¿Rs sLiR\sVsLiRs[ ryRNRPVRV Rs\s sWszqsNRP yFyLRisVV][ yyRQsVVsV g][[sosV. @sgS sWszqsNRP RssVV VLiRVsV gSs ys][ GNUP˳sLiRV LRiVgRiRV. GNUP˳sLiRV [RV gSs sVsxqsV=VVNRP yFyLRisVVNRPWR yyxmso xmsT FsosV.

BRLRiV ˳gRiry*sVVV NRPzqs INRP yFyLRisVVsV ALRiLiճLi rygjiLiRVRVLiTLji. @LiRV INRPs |msVT y FsNRPV䪫s. lLiLiRsys |msVT ysVsWRsVV. BVLiRgS FsNRPV䪫s |msVT|mss ˳gRiry*sV c yssVLiT Rsr~RV][ sTFLiVVyRV. @xmsoyRNRPV䪫s |msVT yRV ILigS yFyLRisVV s[sVsRxmsosV. ysNTP |msVT[RV, sVV[RV. ysNTP NSV}qsRVزRso. @RRV yFyLRisVV rygjiLixms[RV, lLiy[ ys yFyLRisVV sVWRxmsRVsV. sVLRi N]j |msVT][ BLiN]NRP ALRiLiճLiRVsV. @jRVVsV BV[RVgRiVsV.

xqsLjigS B[ syssVV sWszqsNRPsX][ c yFyLRisVV][ GNUP˳sLiRs yRV c yyRQsVVsV sT|mssyRVc sVsxqsVVVNRP sX dsLRizqsLiFsosV. sVsxqsV bPj\sV RjNTP RVsV.

˳WsVRRXztsQs @˳zqsLis DRsVryRNRPVRV Rs sWszqsNRP\sVs xqsLRi*yFyLRisVVsNRPV ryOTPQgS (RWRVyRVgS) DLiTFsosV.

ks][ ARsNTP ysV aRPLkilLi[LijRWRVNRPLi s[\lLis yRssj @sV˳ssVVsNRPV @LiR yLRiLiճLiRVsV, @j NRPsVsVVgS sXj¿LiRVsV. @sV˳ssVVsNRPV xmsLjixmspLRiRzqsjLiRVsV.

B]NRP @RVR\sVs ryRssVV. DsxtsQRLRisVVsV, s[yLiRs؃ssVVsV RNRPgS VjRVLiRV xmsjxmsLRiRVN]sc CryRssVVsV @˳xqssVV[ sVLis, [s˳WsVV][ xqsLiR s[VLRiRVsV.

"R RVVsj. RRVyRV. R sVLi ANRP][ sVyRV. R RNTP NRPRVxmsosLixmso\ZNP RsL]sVV ys [ sj. yRV AgS FyV gRiVRVRVN]sV RVyRV. BLiR[ RNTP s[lLi[ xmss gRiVLRiVNRPV sc RsL]sVVsV R[sVLiT sNTPkRV RVLisj. yRV R L]sVVsV sRRV'c C sxtsQRVsVV @LiRLRiVsV FsLjiLigjis[.

˳WRRXztsQ xqsLjigS BV[ DLiRVsV. ryRNRPVRV Rs @syssVVsV ˳WsVRsVVs sVxmsoRV @˳xqssVV¿[RVgS "FyRVs' @sT gRiLij \¿RssLiR\sV ryRNRPVs RXztsQs VN]sVsV. N]LiR xmsRVLis dsVR NSs ryRNRPVRV @sVLiT RsRXztsQ sWLRiVN]sszqs sRV胫sV. FsxmsoT zqs xqsLi˳sLi¿[ @xmsoRV ryRNRPVRV RsNRPV xqsLji\Vs ZNP[LiRsVV ճLisRsRVV, gRiLij (RgjiNRP˳xtsQ[ ˳WsVRRNRPsVVc AؿRNRPsVV) \¿RssLiR\sVsRs saRPLiVVLiRVN]ssRV胫sV.

CRXztsQ¿[ ˳WsVRZNP[LiRsVV \¿RssLiR\sVs dsVR gRiWR @˳xqssVV rygjiLixmsgS c INRP RR c INRP sVVxmsoks c ˳WsVRsVVsVLiT xqsxryLRisVVsNRPV (sWRV xmsV c [NRP c sVVgRiVLi) xmsLRiVsFsosV ryRNRPVRV NRPsVV sVWzqsN]sRVVLiTRVV RLji+LiRVsVc @sV˳sLiRVsV, ys][ ysNTP [s˳WsVV][ xqsLiLiR s[VLRiRVsV. ysV RRVso N]s s[yLiR aSryQLRisVV RWyLRiQsVV @sV˳ssVVsNRPV sRV胫sV.

C zqsNTP ¿[LRiVN]sysNTP BjVVNRP sxqsssVVgS sWLjiFsosV. GNSLiRsVVs gRiWLRiVLiT c ˳WsVRsVVs (yryLiRsVVs) RXztsQ szms aRPLkilLi[LijRVsVV][T yyRQsVVsV RVg] ARsxtsv\ RVVLiRVZNP[ ARRV RVLiRVsV. aRPLkilLi[LijRVsVV][T yyRQsVV dsTFsoc INRP @RVR\sVs RXzmss c xqsVsVVsV c AsLiRsVVsV c LiVVs sLixms[RVVsV. @j yss @R gRis[RVVsV.1

________________________________________

1. kss gRiWLji FsLiR ssLjiLissV RV. Bj bPss[RsVV Bj RXdRVs[RsVV! ryRs¿[zqs kss ry*kssVVsLRiVN]sV xqsLRi*zqsjNRPLRisVV! BsVVRxmns˳[gRisLSgji\V xqsRVLRiVso yaRPLiVVLisyRV ks @˳xqssVVsNRPV @L>RiVRV.

ysVsVVcLRiWxmssVV lLiLiRVsV @xqsRsVV[! "NRPVLiRc sVWNRPVRVc؃scRcyNRPcsVVLiR' BV sVXRVFyR ysVcLRiWxms ˳[RsVV sRVVssV @s xqsRsVVV NSso.

sVXRVcsVXNRPc@sgS sVsV. @j xmnsV aRPLSyRVV LRiWxmsoyVNRPV xmspLRi*sVVsj. xmnsVaRPLSyRV VgS sVsxmsoRVsV Dsj. @s sR*xqssVV \sxmsoRVsV Dsj.

xmnsV aRPLSyj ysVLRiWxmssVV[! @s sVR[ N]LiRNSsVV sWRsVV sVXNRPRVLiRV NRPRsVV gRiV RVss, @LiRV¿[ @s @xqsRsVVV. "sVXZNP[[s xqsRsV' @s aRPV.

@[ xsVVNRP[V xqsRsVV, sWRWsxqssVVgS ysVLRiWFyRNRP\sVs CgRisVV ysRVLiRVc AxmsLRi xsVVsLiRV ܲRsVVRVsj, @RgRiVRVsj. C gRiRV xqsXztsQNTP xmspLRi*sVV [RV c xmsRWsLiRLRisVV sVsRV. NSgSysVLRiWFyRNRP\sVs gRisVV xqsRsVV NSRV.

xxmsyLRisW @j NSصRsVV. Wgji xmsoLigRisoRV ysV LRiWFyRNRP\sVs gRiRVs LRisVLixmsRV. GNSLiR skdLRisVV ػRsNTP sRsLRi˳WsVVV. @R AsVRVRV RRQ* LiRsxmsLRiV\ RVVLiRVsV.

skdLRisVVV @sgS gRiLigS, g][ysLji, NRPXuyNSs[LRiVV sWRs[V NSRV. Wgji RszmsLiyLiRsVV sLiRcsRV dLRisVVsLi sxLjiLiRVsV.

yryLRiLiRsVVV lLiLiRVsV BR zmsLigRi @sV yRV sVVsVVV, FsRsV LRiLiRsVV BysVVsVV. NRPVT LRiLiRsVV zmsLigRiتsVVsVV, aSxqsNTPRVNRPV ryRssVV\s CyRVV ssVxmspxqsNRPV BLRiV\sxmso sVWصyLRisVVsLRiNRPV rygjiss. dssNTP sRVsV ssVVVNRP [xms˳gRisVVs xqsVxtsQsV @sV yT RVVsj.

BRNRPV gRiLigRiRVsczmsLigRiNRPV RVsVVs RVs xqsVxtsvsVNRPV xqsLRixqs*RVs}msLRiV. "By ˳gkiLRikFNS zmsLigRi RVsVVysk.'

WgjiRLiRVRV ByzmsLigRi ryRVsVV][ xqsVxtsvsWy*LRisVVsV LRi c @sVs NRPVLiRs gRiXRsV[zqs c yssLi ˳WsVRsVVsNRPV s @R Rs @syssVVsV sVxmsosV.

B܃sLji RWRRV RRQ*LiRsxmsLRiV\ c [}Lij RWRVsVLiT Rsxqs*LRiWxmssVVsV ss[LiRVsV. s[LRiV ¿[RVVsV.

RRQ*sVV @sgS RVyLRisVV. gRiRV DsV ][RVRVsj. NSs c RRQ*RXztsQ][ ڲRgS sj sVR[V! xsVVNRP[V xqsRsVV. RVsLRiVRV yryLiR szyORPV\ c RRQ*sVVsV c RVyLRisVVsV c xqsRsVVsV @sV˳sLiRVsV.

B sVxdsRVVRV xmsLRisVRVLRi˳VRV.

AaSsxqs[ sds

\sLSaSQXRM aSsM e

NRPLRiRճOSQFyRM

RLRiVR sW sVVsLRiRV ee 35

yee jgRiLiLRiV\ c |msRs szms xmsVNRPsy\ c N][LjiNRP ss [NRPFso¿[ ˳WztsQRV\ c aSLiRV\ c Rs @LRi¿[LiVV[V ճOSQFyRsVVgS c sXORPQsVWs[V AyxqssVVgS @LigkiNRPLjiLis sVVdsLiRV U xqsLiryLRisVVsV LiVVLiRVRVyRV.

ssLRisVV:c

sxqsQsVV aRPLkiLSsLRiNRPsVV. aRPLkiLRisVVsV RVVLiRVsV. xqsLiryLRiLiR sVLiRVNRPRVVsV [NRP c xdsV\s ysNTP aRPLkiLRisVV][ xqsLiR sVVLiRRV. @LiRV¿[ ys NSRRV sryQj LRiORPQNSsLRi᪫sVVsV FssRVsV NRPLixmsRV, @ WgjiVVNRP aRPLkiLRisVVsNRPV jNRPV[ @sLRiNRPsVVgRiVsV. @LiRV¿[ Wgji AaSsxqssVRV c jgRiLiLRiVRV.

AaRPRVsgS c jNRPV, N][LjiNRP @s lLiLiRLRisVVV sLSaRPVRV @sgS c N][LjiNRPV [syRV. @ysRLRisVV \sLSaRPsVsRVsV.

ճsVQQ\ sLjiLiRV WgjiNTP N][lLiVLiRso. @RRV sLkixRV. @j[V ARsNTP @LiNSLRisVV.

INRPRV xqsLiyQQzqs\VRVVLiT Bj NSscsjNSs c AaRPsVsVVNSs c NSLRiVNSs c xqssWssVVNSs ss][ y[sV Wgji! y[sV xqsLiyzqs! ysNRPLi sxtsQRV LixmsV\s gRiXxxqsV s[VV.

sLkix\s Wgji aSLiRV\ RVVLiRVsV

N][LjiNRPVsxmsVRV @aSLi RxmsRV. ysV N][Ljisyss ryjLiRV\ZNPs RVRsVVs @aSLi, ARVRsVVs ALiNRPsVVV NRPs @aSLi! FsV[ yLiyLRisVV zqsjLissV ys LRiORPQRVLiRaSLi! BV N][LjiNRPss @aSLiNTP sWLRiV }msLRiV.

[}LijRV yyRQsVVs][ N][LjiNRPV ]gRiso. @j[s][ sVsso.

NSgS WgjixmsoLigRiso ]NRPRV sWRs[V aSLiRVRV @sRgjisyRV!

@yRV ysV R讪sVRVN]sV\ZNP INRP rysWsQ\sVs FyR\ss yLiLixmsRV. ANRP DRLiVVLisxmsoRV, RsVLiR ysVVgS G\sVs sVNRPV s][ c Rs @LRi¿[s[ ճOSQ FyRsVVgS DxmsWgjiLiRVsV. s\sVs WgjiVVNRP yLiy LSzRsVV BLiR xmsLSNSxtsQNRPV ¿[Lji RVVLiRVsV.

@sRWR\VsWgkiLiRVRV RsN]NRP AyxqssVV NSsssc rNRPLRisVV][ RsN]NRP AaRPsVsVVLiRsss FssRVsV yLiLixmsRV. G ¿V sVVR[ xmsTRVVLiRVsV. LSFyryR\sVssV c sXORPQsVW \sVssVARsNTP xqssWssVV[!

ds\sLSgRi xqsLixmssVQQ\s WgjisWRs[V BV sLjiLixmsgRiRV. @RRV sWRs[V xqsLiryLRisVVsV lgiVsgRiRV.

ss skNRPV gRiX}

sVV xmso\sNRP sVVRLRiR[ e

ZaP[[ N][7zms RVdsM

xqssVLRixqs xqsV[R sxqsV sxqssM ee 36

yee xqssVLRixqs\sVc؃ysLiR xqs*LRiWxms\sV RVVs sxqsVso sLiRV sRgRiLRiWNRPV\s WgjisWRs[V c sLRis\sVs sk dLRisVVsLiR FRLjiLis[ BVgS [N]s, sV[xLRi\sVs BxqsVNRPss[ sVRs aRPRVgS \lgiN]s c xqsVsVV sjLixms s[LRiV胫sV.

ssLRisVV:c

xmsNSLSLiRLRisVV¿[ sLiRV gRiWR "ds\sLSgRisVV ¿[Rs[ sV˳s sVs' Dxms[bPLixmssV.

xmsLRixs[V yss @sV˳ssVVs sVVsgjisyRV ssVRsVVsLiRVLiRg][LRiRV. GNSLiR skdLRi yxqssVV ssVN]sVsV. A sRVV ˳ݼNRPsVVV NSsRV胫sV. zmsLiyLiRgRiRsVV \s By c zmsLigRi c xqsVxtsvsWj yULRiWxmssVVs sVs gRiLigS, RVsVVy xqsLRixqs*RVVsV gSsRV胫sV. lLiLiRVsV NSsRV胫sV.

WgjiVVNRP xqsWaRPLkiLRisVV c LiRgRiRsVV\|mss skdLRisVV syxqssVVsLiRVsV c AyճsVVV\s ARs @LiRLRiLigRisVV c ˳تsyLRiQsVV¿[ By zmsLigRi xqsxNSLRisVV][ gRiXR\Vs NRPVLiRs][ GNUP˳sLi c xqsVxtsvsW xmsRsVVs sxLjiLiRVRV c xqsd c sLki c xqssWRVsV @sV˳sLiRV RVLiRVsV sXRsVV\ RVVLiRVsV.

Ask dLRisVVsLi ysVRVRV c sVRs aRPRVdsVR s[VsV y胫sVV c G BxqsVNRPsdsVR[ IRLRiVLigRiNRP (xqssWjsxtsv\) xmsTRVVLiRVsV.

rysWssVV aRPLkiLRisxtsvV WgjixmsoLigRisoRV ARsxtsvRV @LiRV¿[ rysWsssVVsNRPV s[VsV yVNRPV sVLiRsVVV c xmsLRiVxmsoV c sVRV NSsRVVsV. xsy sVzRV\s Wgji, aRPLkiLRisVV][ [aRPsVVsV yyRQsVVsV @sV˳sLixmsNRP c sRxqssVLRixqs\sVs (|RV RgRiV sRVsV [s) ؃ysLiR xqs*LRiWxms\sVs xmsLRixsVVsLiRV sRgRiLRiWNRPV\ RVVLiRVsV. @RsNTP C sVR][ c xmsLRiVxmso][ s[RV.

"sjLiRVsV c xmsLRixsVVs gRiLRiWNRPV\ RVVLiRVsV c @s ¿xmsV xmsLRixqsLRi sLRiVRsVVgS ][RVsV.

sRRVLiRVc xqssWjRVLiRV gRiWR c BLijRVsXRVV c sWszqsNRP yFyLRisVV ssVNRPNRPV @RVgRiV|msVsV. sRRVLiysXRVV @؃ssVVs sdssVVgRiVsV xqssWjRVLiRV ؃ssVVs [LRiVN]sVsV.

sjLiRVRV s[Vs RVVLiRV [y c s[Vs RVVLiT sjLiRV xqssWj. @LiRV¿[ BR sL][RsVV [RV. WgjixmsoLigRisoRV gRij*xtsQRVsVVs sjRVRV c ARsxtsQRVsVVs gRiXRVRV.

rysWs[NRPsVV gRi`, xqs*xms, sysxqs sVLigRiVsV. ys\s "xqssWj' @sV @sxqs Wgji\sNRP s[RsVV. @LiRV¿[ "sRVLjiLiRVRV sVVNRPsgSsVLiRV' @s sLiRs[ rysWs[NRPsVVsNRPV sLiRgS sLRiVRsVVgS ][RVsV.

LRiRLS˳xqssVV¿[ c ds\sLSgRi xqsLixmsX¿[sWRs[V C RVLkiRWsxqs c xqssWj @sV˳ssVVsNRPV sRV胫sV.

˳WR sVXRVRLRi aRPRVM

bdPRy\NRP ysVLRiM aSsM e

LSNS zsVNRPLRikF

LS RVLSZaP[LRiM N][7zms ee 37

yee RVZaP[LRiV\s WgjixmsoLigRisosNRPV s[[V sVRs |qs. Rs @LiR ysVgS NRPRsRV RgS[V sLiتsVLRisVV. xmsossVRLiRV[ kxmssVV! BV xmsNRPX zqsRsVV\s ysNRPLi s[LRiVgS Rs\ZNP GsVRVVsV yLixmss ARsxtsvRV c xdsVRV @LiVVs Wgji xqsVRVLRi˳VRV.

ssLRisVV :c

xmsLiR˳WRsVVV xqsWLRiRLiyRVV ˳gRiysVs xqsXztsQ. gRiXx c gSsV c sgRiLSRVV, AxqsssVVV; aRPRVV, A˳LRi᪫sVVV c RVNRPWsVVV c LRiyjNRPsVVV C xqsLRi*sVV sWssoRV Rs[}LijRV rsVVs\ZNP ˳gRisR=QXztsQ[s sxqsVRs ssWgjiLi. RVLi sLjiLiRVN]ss CsLS᪫sVV ssVNRP sWssos xqsLiryLRi LixmsR*sVVsj. @V NSs yRV dss sLS᪫sVV LRiVgRiRV.

sxtsQRVyLiR[ [s][c "aRPRVsLiRVNRPV sVRs xLixqsRWNSRsVVVc RgS ssV˳sLiRVNRPV sLiتsVLRisVVVc LSs[ NRPs ]gjiLi sVgRiVsV sLRisVVNRPV NSLisVLiRsVV\s kxms ZaP[xtsQsVVV NSsss N][LRiNRP FsVVRLiVVLiRVsV? Bs[ NSRV, B\ss yLiR[sRVVsV @sRWR\Vs WgkiLiRVsRVLiRV RVRso,

ssVNRPVQ\s sVxmsoLRiVxtsvRV c [NRPsVVs sRRWRV RVssVc ysNTPs [NRPsVVsNRPVsV FsLi][ @LiRLRi sVVLiRVsV. [NRPsVV aRPLkiLRiRsVV. @RRV ARsxtsvRV!

@RRV RVRXy˳ xqsLiRXxmsoRV! sRxqsLiRVxtsvRV!

sxmso bPػR xmnsZNP[

ssV xqsLjiy*Lji xmsLjisX][ylLi[ e

sVsLi sVRVxmsss[

y xqs*zms N][7zms RVLSM ee 38

yee sVRV sWLRiVRsVV dsRVRVLiRgS c [ds][ sLiT NRPRVRVs sjsRVsV NSNRP saS\sVs bP RsVV\|ms c Fss][ RVZaP[LRiVRV sjLixms s[LRiV胫sV.

ssLRisVV:c

"[ds][ sLiTs sj c sjsRVsV NRP RRV\ss |msRLiVV c sVLiRsWLRiVRsVV' Bs ALS\|ms s[VsVy誫s ss [˳ sVsLji\ZNPssV sLixms[RVVsV.

NSs ys\|ms xdsV\s sVxmsoLRiVxtsvRV FsLiR sbPLiRgS aRPRVsLiRV[ c @LiR sbPLiRgS xqsLiryLRiRVV aRPRVsLixms LRiV.

ARxqs*LRiWxmssVV FsLRiVNRPNRPV @LiRs yRV c @LiR sV[ xLRi [aRPsVVsV [LjiNRPWR c ryLiryLjiNRP yxmssVVs[ @sV˳sLiRVsV.

""JLiVW! dsso C[NRPsVVs xqsVsVVsRV sxqsVsosV xqssVNRPWLRiVN]sV\ZNP FsLiR RVLissV c Fsss xqssVNRPWLRiVN]sssV AR؃sxqsLixmssR [NRPVs xqsVLixmsso. RNRPs xqsVsVVsLijLiRV sxqsVso sRVsVNRPWR RzmsLiRVRVs[ RVVLiRVso; ZNP[aRPsVVs[ @sV˳sLiRV RVLiRVso.

AR؃s xqsLixmssVR \sy, xqsVsVVsV xqssVNRPWLRiV誫sxqsVso[ NSsss[RV. FsR sVssV xqsVsVVsNRPV AsLiR sVVsNRPV s RVVLiRRV. dssosysLiRsVRVVRso.

xqsLiryLRisVVsVLiT sLRiNRPVR\s A][xms\ZNP RVLixmsosVV. sysLiRsVRVVR\s sLSVsVV c @s Dxms[aRPsVV.

AsLRi s[VNRPLi NTP`

ssR sVsVxqss R_ds e

NRPLRixmso ճOSQ sVaRPs

@ z dsy yNRPXM N][7zms ee 39

yee @sNTPs [s\s sxqsVso sys[ xqsLiRR sVVsV ysLiRVRV, ss\V c NRPLRiR ճOSQaRPsV\ c RVs s dsRVRVLiRV LRiLiRV sVRVV @LRiVRVgS sVLiRVLRiV.

ssLRisVV :c

aRPLkiLRisVVNRPLi BLijRVsVVV c ysNRPLi sVsxqsV= c ysNRPLisV Vj c [xmss. NSgS c ysNTPs [xmsj ARsxqsVso, xmsLRixsVV.

FLiVVdsVR gjis c gjis[dsLRiV c ds[RVsVV, RVsVV DTZNPsV. FsV DTZNPsV? s[T FssVLiT ճLisj?

dssVLiT ճLisj, dsNTP sRRssVV xqsxgRiV᪫sW? NSRV, gjissVLiT DxtsQaRPNTP dsNTP ¿[Ljisj. gjisNRPVsV s[TsV xqsxgRiV᪫sVVNSRV. xqsx[xtsQ\sVsj @gjisWRs[V.

Ry=dsVxmssVV¿[ gjisNRPV c ysy*LS dsNTP c ds sVLiT RVsVVsNRPV DxtsQRLRisVV xqsLiNRPsVLisj.

@[ xmsLRisWR rydsVxmssVV¿[ Vj \¿RssLiR sVgRiVRVsj. A\¿Rss[V sVsxqsVsNRPV BLijRVsVVNRPV, [xsVVsNRPV xqsLiNRPsVLiRVRVsj.

C xqsRsVVsV FysVLRiVRV gRiVLjiLixmsRV. gRiVLjiLis FyٲRV c [}LijRWRVV xqs*xqs* NRPLRisVVRVLiRV s¿[ztsQRsVV gRiVRVLiRgS c dsss OTPQLixmsNRP C @sNTPs NSLRi \sVs sxqsVsosLiRV yssVV sVxmsosV.

¿s ALiRVRVsj. NRPsV RWRV RVsj. FyٲRV AssRV aRPsVVsV, C NRPsRV RXaRPsVVsV ˳؄sLixmsRV, AaRPsVVsV ANTPLiRVNRPV, C RXaRPsVVsV jNTPLiRVNRPV DxmsNRPLRi᪫sVV\ RVVy a][R c s[RsVVsVgRiWR OTPQLixmsRV. dss ssVNRP xmss }qsRVVRVs @LiRLRiLigRisVVsV gRiWR gRisVsLixmsRV. G \¿Rs rydsVxmssVV¿[ C aRPs RLRi+yj NSLRisVVV LRiVgRiVRVs[ c A \¿RssVVsV c ARsxqsVsosV c ˳؄sLiRVsV, ysLiRVsV.

aRPLkilLi[LijRWRVVVNRP RssVV sRVVsV FyكsNRPV sVyssVVs ][xRNSLRiV[. GaRPLkilLi[LijRV RssVVV rysWsVsNRPV xqsLiryLRisVVsV |msVRVs[ c @s[ RssVVV FyكsNRPV xmsLRisWRsV ryOSQRLjiLixms [RVVsV.

@LiRV¿[ xdsV\s Wgji xqsy xmsLRiyssVV[ sVLiRVsV. RRQ* sVLRiVLigRis [NRP sVyss RVRVgS ˳؄sLiRV[ AaRPLRisVV[RV.

xmsLRisWRsV ysLiRVRV [}LijRWRVNRPV R\sQ*RVVsyRV FssLji][ GsV sWزRVsV! NSgS xsR*LRiVRV ss!

@yRV Rs aRPLkiLRi LRiORPQ᪫sVVs\ZNP GsVRVVsV RVLixmsRV. xqsLigRizLixmsRV. Fss\lLis RsVLiRy\sV G\sVs |mss Rs ¿[[ yss gRizLiRVs[ NSs c ysVVR ճOSQFyR NRPWR DLiRRV.

@ sVxmsoLRiVxtsvRV aRPLkiLRisVV¿[ dsRV[ sxLjiLiRVgSNRP ! NSs @RRV xqsy xsVVy\s xsVVsLi[ sxLjiLiRVsV. RsRsVV\s B WgkiLiRVRV xqsVRVLRi˳VRV.

xmssxms gRiRZaP[xtsQLi

xmsLjibPuy sxqsVxmsLRiRsQM e

FyaS NRP sW}qs

FyxmsLi FyLRiNRPLRi N][7zms ee 40

yee xqssVxqsQ\sVs gRiRVsV c @sgS ˳WRxmsLiRNRPsVVsV INRPysRVLi]NRP sds sVVsLjiLi (11 s a][NRPsVVs zmssV) xqsLRi*NSLRi NSLRi᪫sVVgS sVgjiRVVs @LiRxmsLRix sxqsVsos ssy\ RV ZaP[LRiVRV FyLRiNRPLRisVVss xqsLiFyxmsQ\sVs RsRVRsVV[NRP[V [NTP @Lijs胫s ALRisVVsV ˳VLixmsoRV sLjiVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

xmsLiRsV˳WRsVVsV sxmsLkiRNRPsVsVVs INRPys RVLiRV s[L]NRPyss sdssVVsLRiV syssVVsV gRiWLji 11cs a][NRPsVVs ssLjiLixmssV.

NSLRiճsQQ\sV NSLRisVVLiRRV. @sgS GNSLRisVVsV RyLRi᪫sVVNRPLi s[\lLisj NSRV. NSLRi᪫sVLi[ NSLRisVV NRPR sVgRiVRVsj.

NSLRi᪫sVVc ssVRcDFyys ˳[RsVV¿[ lLiLiRV LRiNRPsVVV. NRPVLiRRVVsj. @j sLjiR sVgRiVRVLiRVc NRPVsVLji, ys rylLi (RNRPsVV) sVVRgRiVss ssVR NSLRi᪫sVVV. ysRVLi RLiRsV yzmsLiRVVs sVXRV (sV) DFyys NSLRi᪫sVV. [s][ INRP sxqsVso sLjiRsVgRiV RVs][ yss DFyysNSLRi᪫sVV @LiRVLRiV.

ryyLRi᪫sVVgS ssV][Fyys NSLRi᪫sVVV s[LRiVgS sVLiRVsV. NSsN]s][ ssVRNSLRi᮪s[V DFyysNSLRi sVgRiVRVLiRVsV.

rygRiWRVsj. ys ssLRiV sLjiLiRVRVyLRiV? ryxmsoLRiVlgi[ yss sLjiLiRVRVsj. @LiRV¿[ AxmsoLRiVgRiV ys sLjiRVLiRV ssVR NSLRi sVgRiVRVsj. AgRiWRV [s][ sLjiRsVgRiVRVs][ @jNRPy DFyys NSLRi᪫sVV! @j xqsss yLRisVV][ sLjiR sVgRiVRVsj. @LiVV[ AyLRisVVsV @ryxmsoLRiVgRiV FssVLiTW dzqsN]sLS[RV. A yLRisVVV yssVLiT[V xmsoss. C NSLRi᪫sVV¿[ rygRiWRV sLS᪫sVV[ DFyys NSLRi᪫sVVgRiWR ryxmsoLRiVlgi[!

BV[ C gRisLS᪫sVVs xmsLRisWR[V ssV][Fy ys NSLRi᪫sVVVgS sVyRV. "R` xqsXuy* R[ysV FysaRP`"-@s aRPV. (ys xqsXLi ysRVLi[ xmss[ bPLi¿sV.)

rygRiWRVsV sLjiLisj ryxmsoLRiVgRiV. A yLRisVVV ryxmsoLRiVgRiVsVLiT[V s胫ss. BV sLjiR\sVs gRiWsRVsV ryxmsoLRiVlgi[ sszqsLiRV RVsj.

B[sRsVVs xmsLRisWR ys[ ssV][ Fyys NSLRi᪫sVV\ C gRisVVsV sLjiLi ksRVLiRV ysV szqsLiRVRVyRV

˳WsVNTP sVV, sVVs NRPgji, ysNTP gS, ysNTP ANSaRPsVV NSLRi᪫sVVV NSgSc ANSaRPsVV xmsLRisWRsLiT F~RsVVRVsj. BV @j xqsLRi*NSLRiNS᪫sVV. A xmsLRisWRNRPV NSLRi᪫sVV[RV.

[sNTP NSLRi᪫sVVs][ ysNTP DR RVsVV DLiRVsV.[sNTP INRPNSLRi᪫sVV[][ @j @yj @sLiRsVV. AyRsLiRsxqsVsssV NSLRiLRizR\sVs sxqsVsssV INRP[. "WgkiLiRVRV xqsLRi*gRiRVsV xmsLRisVNSLRi\sVs xmsLRisWRRVLiRV sds sVVsLjiLi ysRVLiRV sVRVsV @s ¿xmssV

@R sVRV @sj NRPWR [RV. @ss xmsLRisV NSLRi᪫sxqsVsosLiRV (xsVVsV) sds sVVsLjiLiRV s[cysV NRPWR ys][V V @LiRV sds\sV FsosV. C sdszqs[V xmsLRisWRRVLiRV sVRVgS xmssV.

@ WgjixmsoLigRisosNRPVsV aRPLkiLRisVVLiRVsV. @RsNTP aRPLkiLRis[V sRVVsj?@sgS NRPLRisaRPsVVs s RVVsj RVs xqssWyssVV.

NRPLRisVV 'FyLRisVVcAgSsVc xqsLiRsVV' @s sVWRV LRiNRPsVVV. sVNSRV INRP ᪫sVVsV sR s[L]NRPyss ¿[Rc sVLjiN]ss @sVVF~j[ xmsps RVVsV C NRPLRisVVVLiRVsV.

sRs ᪫sVVsLij FyLRisVV. (xms+@LRisVV) ¿[RRVVs ᪫sVV sLij AgSsV, @sVVF~jRVLiRVs ᪫sVV sLij xqsLiRsVV.

¿[[ sVs ᪫sVVsV, @sVVF~j[s yss xmsWgjiLixmsNRPVLiR DLiRgRisVV. NSs sRs ᪫sVVsV sVxmsgRisW? @j Rs ORPQQsVVsV [LjidLRiVsV. @LiRV¿[ '@sV˳ssVV¿[gSs FyLRiNRPLRisVV sbPLixmsRV' @syLRiV. "FyLRiLi ˳[gRi][ sZaP[`!" GNRPLRixmns؃sV˳ssVVs\ZNP C aRPLkiLRi s[VLRiTs][c A NRPLSsV˳ssVV xqssWxmssVV NSs[C aRPLkiLRisVV ]gRiRV. AgSsV sLiR NRPLRixmnssVVsV @sV˳sLixmsNRPVLiR syLjiLiRVN]ssRV胫sV. FyLRiNRPLRixmnssVV syLjiLiRV dsVNSRV.

WgjixmsoLigRisoRV Rs NRPRVxmso sLixmsoN]sV\ZNP ys[sVRVVsV RVLixmsRV. FyLRi NRPLRisaRPsVVs Fss][s Rs [LRiVLRic G\sVs ALRisVV [[ s yss sVLigRiVsV. @Li[!

ORPVFyxqs @jNRPsVVsV FssLRiV xqszLixmsgRiLRiV? Wgji sWRsVV FsVxqszLiRVsV? @s aRPLiNRP xmsoVRVsj.

ORPVFyxqsV aRPLkiLRiRLRisVVV, WgjiNTP aRPLkiLRisVV][ xqsLiLiRsVV[RV. @LiRV¿[ ORPVFyxqsV aRPLkiLRisVV][ yyRQsVVgRi [NRPsVVsV صjLiRVs[gSs [}LijRV sORPQV\ xmsNSbPLiRV Wgjis GsVRVVsV ¿[RVso. @s xqssWyssVV.

sVLjiRVVsV-"NRPLihRi NRPW}ms ORPVFyry ssXM" @s FyRLiWgRixqsWRsVV. saRPVR RNRPrys\sVs NRPLihRi[aRPVs xmsLiRVsVsVV ryjLis ysNTP ANRP RxmsVVLiRsoc @s xmsRLi ¿zmsssW. @ysNTP xqsWLRiNTPLRi᪫sVVsVLiT[V aRPLkiLRi FxtsQ᪫sVVs\ZNPs FyaRPNTP ճLiRVsV. sVWgRiVNRPV CxmsNTPRV RsLiRysVgS zqsjLiRVsV. @LiRVss Wgji ALSs[*xtsQ sVVsLjiLixmsRV.

B WgkiLiRVRV [NRPsVVsLiRVLiR sRV胫sVgSs ys RLRi+ssVV xqsV˳sVVNSRV.

ss NTPsVzms sWgki

ss\syxmsLRiLi NTPsVxmssM e

Rss bdPR xXRRVM

NRPsysLiR sVsLRiM ry*}qsee 41

ye WgjixmsoLigRiso sss sLijLixmsRV; xqsVLixmsRV. @Rs sVssVVsLiRV sLiyxqsVRVV DRLiVVLixmsso. AsVxmsoLRiVxtsvRVc RLiRssVVs Rs xXRRVsVV gRiy\c sWxqsVs AsLiRsVV¿[ LRisaRPV\ c sVLiRLRisXQ\V xqsVsVVLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

sVsxqsV[ [*xtsQsVVRLiVVLis sLijLiRV, aRPy g_LRissVV VRLiVVLis xqsVLiRV xqsLi˳sLiRVsV.

ARsxtsvs sWsxqssVV sLji*NSLRisVVgRi sVLiRVsV. @LiRV¿[ @R RxmsNSLjis\|qsRsVV sLijLixmsRV. FsLiR sVx[xmsNSLji\sssV ssVLixmsRV.

NSuyRVsVVV gRiRVVc sLiyxqsVRVV xmsLjijRVLi[ RVVsysNTP sV˳ssVV zqsjLixms[Rsj saRPRVsVV.

˳ݼNRP\sVs ORPQQ sVsss sVVgS ANRPL<jiLiRVRVs][c ys sRNRP[ [gRisVV, ¿[R[ sVV, sW[ INRP NRPsVsVV DLiRVsV. xmsLRiyssVVsLiRVsys sV[ yNSRVsVVV ˳ݼNRPORPQQsVV¿[ @NRPXxtsQsVVV NSso. xmsLRiys sVsgS sV˳ssVV,

DVNRPVRVs AsLiRsVV¿[ LRisaRPV\s WgjiVVNRP aRPLkilLi[LijRWRVV RsV@LiR ysVV G][ NRPRVRVLiRVsV. ys][ yRsNTP yyRQsVVLiRRV. @LiRV¿[ @Rs aRPLkilLi[LijRV sXRVRVLiRV s[gRisVV [zmsLiRVsV.

@R ysLiRsVRVVRV! xsVRVVRV!

xqssQ aSxqsQLi

xqsLissLRiLiR xqsLRi*RxqsQQQNSQ*e

AbPR xmspLRixmsRdsLi

A}qs sxtsQ䪫sVkxmss][gki ee

yee WgjiNTP aSxqsQsVV][ s[RV; [NRPsVV][ ssLRisVVLiRRV. lLiLiTLis @RRVsT|msVsV: xmsLjiRLiRVsV. xqsLRi*RM xmspLRiQ\sVs xmsLRixsVV yaRPLiVVLi c (@LiRV sdsV\) sxtsQLixmskssVVs sLSVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

dNRPLSc NSsRNRPc][[ xmsRW᪫sVVcxqsLi˳sLisxmsoRV ssVNRPL][[ c NSgRiy ¿[Rc [y N]Lji ANRPVsLis sgjiLic AsVLi sVgRiV[ yLji RWRVN]sVRV sTyLRiV. BysNTP DxxqsVRV, (DcNSVRVs NRPLRi; ¿[RVLiRV gRiyRV) @s }msLRiV, ysNTP gRisVsVV ¿[LRiVsLRiNRPV sWRs[V D][ s, yss ALjiFNRPVLiRcRNRPgRi sVRVLRiV xmsxqsLjiLiRVsV LRiOTPQLiRV N]sV gRisVsVV ¿[LRiVsLRiNRPV sWRs[V @sxqsLRisVV. gRisVsVV ¿[LjisdsVR gRiWR yss ¿[R RLjiLi sLjiRV. INRP][LRis[RVVsV.yss LiRVN]sRV.

@[ aSxqsQsVV. @؃ssVs NSLRiVdNRP[ xmsRVsLiRVRVsysNTP aSxqsQsVs js* @sxqsLRisVV. ؃sxqsWLRiVRVRLiVVLixmsgS @js*][ @NRPLRi dLjiFsosV.

@؃ssVVsyLjiR\sV sV˳ssVV zqsjLisysNTP aSxqsQsVV][ s[sV xmss?

aSxqsQ؃ssVV s[VRsV sLij. s[VR \|ms˳gRisVV sLij. sV˳ssVVcs[VR\|ms˳gRisVVsNRPV [LRiVN]syRV sVsLRixqssV OTPQLixmsRV. AysV˳sxqsLixmssR\ZNP aSxqsQsVV. @j ճLixmsgS aSxqsQsVVc BV ET胫s RLRiVyR dxmsoLRiV sLij. @j sxqsLjiLixmsRVsV.

gSrNRPgS kxmssVVRLiRVsV. FyxmsLiNRP yxqsysVV¿[ RsVV RLiRVsV. A yxqssNRPV RWLRisVVgS xsVV y\s RVVs Wgji sxtsQLixmskxmss[V!

RX xms RLjiy

xqsQXsVs saRP*Li s[NRPRVs Wgkie

sxLRi LRixzqs ys[

sLSsVLRi ˳WsV sRsaSsM ee 43

ye VLRiR][c|msLi][ sRsVs aRPLkiLji\VRVVLiT NRPWR Wgjics CxqsNRP saRP*sVV NRP gRiTxmsLRiNRPgS ڿRVsV. GNSLiR LRixxqs [aRPsVVsLiRVs y\c LSsVLRiLRizR\sVs xmsLRixsVVs sRsxLRi bdP\Vc saSLiRV\ VVFyLRiVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

sWssVV¿[ @NRPscRWRWxqsLRi\sV RX aRPNRPsVVLiRVVs [xsVV, Fsss\ZNPssV dRLRixmsoLiRVsV. xqs*RryssVV ¿[zqssgSs ysNTP xqsVsVVgS sVLiRRV.

sVWgjiRVLiRV aRPLkiLRisVV yss ˳تssVV [aRPsVVsV sVgjiRVVLiRRV. @LiRV¿[ @RRV aRPLkiLRi sVLiR VLRiR VLRiRgSsVssV xmsLiRVN]sRV. ysNTP aRPV˳RsV NRPLixmsRVLixmsRV.

RWRgS sLiR sLRisVRV. NSs @R UsaRP*sVVs ZNP[sVRVV sVsdsRVRV. ks NRP gRiTxmsLRiNRPgS ڿRVsV. LSsVLRi᪫sVVV [scxmsosLSsX LRizR\sVs sRxqsRsxqsVso ssRV sRظRVNRP saSLiRV\ ¿gRiV AsVxmsoLRiVxtsvRVc

LSsVLRi᪫sVVs xqsVTgRiVLiRsVVs NTP, sVVsVgRiVRV, [VRVcDNTPLjiNTPLji RVgRiVRVs saRP*sVVsV gRiTxmsLRiNRPgS ڿRV[ AaRPLRi s[VsVVsj?

xmsaRP NTPsVzms sLRiWxmsLi

ssRcsaRPV[cNTPRzms sRssVe

xtsQ sLRiVxmssV ˳WsVs

suysVssVQ NSxtsQ s][gkiee44

yee WgjiRLRi+s aRPs ˳xtsQصRVNRPV RWLRiV\ RVVLiRVsV. @R [sVRVVsV jNTPLixmsRV. GsVRVVsV ANTPLixmsRV. GsVRVVsV sWزRRV.

ry[s xmsLRixsxqsVsosLiRV sxtsQgRiy\ NSxtsQsVV s saRPV\ sLSVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

sVsxqsV= sxtsQRWxqsNRPsVV NSsxmsoRV NRPsV LRi RVVssVLRiWxmsRLRi+ssVVNSRV. ¿soV sVWxqsVN]sNRP FLiVVssV aRPsVV gRizLixmsRRV. G BLijRV\sVssV sVsxqsV= sxtsQRV˳تsVV\sVsxmsoRV sWRs[V NTPRWbdP sVgRiVsV. sxtsQRV gRix᪫sVV ¿[RVVsV.

@V NSsyRV 'A{mnsxqsV LRiRVVsj NSs xmss ¿[RVV[RV' @ssVVLiRVsV.

xsxtsv\s WgjiNTP sxtsQRWsV˳s sVV NRPVgRiVsV? sVLSxtsQsVV[s ˳WNRPLixmssVVsV @ry=sVV[ sVsy V sV˳sLiRVsV?

LRiWxmsRLRi+scaRPaRPscyNRP=Li˳xtsQصjNRPsVV BLijRV sxtsvsRVLiRV xqsLi˳sLiRVsV. @j*dRV xmsLRixsVVsLiRRLiRsVV ssVgRiVQQ\s Wgji NRP᪫s RssVV [s y\ sLSVsV,

'RVxqsR*xqs xqsLRi*sW\Qy˳W`cR[䃫sNRPLixmsZaP[`'c @s aRPV. xqsLRi*sVVsV ARxqs*LRiWxmss[V @s FsssNTP sjR\sVs][c @sV˳ssVVs NRPLijs][c yRV [s][ ڿRVsV? [ss RLji+LiRVsV? RWRVRVsjc RWRRVRVsj ARճssVVV NSsoNRPy! NSgS Wgji aRPxqsLRi+LRiWFyjNRPsVV ssV˳sLixmsRVc Rss[ yssV˳sLiRVsV.

ػRճsWs s{sM

sVxtsv xqsLRi*R xmspLRiyLi xmsaRPse

gRiWRLi RLRi RVd[

sVWRsRgRisWLRi RRQ*M ee 45

yee WgjiNTP ػRճsWs sVVLiRRV. xqsLRi*FyV yRRV xsVVgSs[ RLji+LiRVsV, xqsNRP aSryQLRi LRixxqssVV sLjiLigjisy\NRPWRc @ssVV sVWRV URRs ˳؄sLiRVsV sgRiWRsXQ\V RLjiLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

'syؼM'c FydsRVsVV. xmsoVNRP¿[ ؼ GLRiRVRVsj. xmsoVsj aRPLkiLRis[VNSs ARsxqsVso NSRV. ysNTP sssVLRi᪫sVVV [so.

's ظRV[ sVRV[ yNRPy`

yRVLi ˳Wy*˳sy y s˳WRVM @s gkiR.

aRPLkiLRisxtsQsVVNRPV ػRճsWs sVVLiRVsV. xsxtsvRVc dsRV xVRVc dsRV aRPWRVRV @s ؼ˳[RsVVsV ˳؄sLiRVsVc dsRV yyRV, dsRV xmsLRiVRVc @s @ճsWs [*uyRVNRPV sRVV\ sLjiLixmsRV.

@RRVaRPLkiLRisVV ssRVsV OTPQLixmsRV. xqsLRi*sVVsLiRVsV xmsLRixsVVs[ RLji+LiRVsV.

'aRPVs\¿s aRP*FyZNP[ R xmsy xqs=sVRLji+sM' gkiR.

xmsoVgRiVT xmsossVRLiRVsrLiRLRisVVs[sV @sV˳sLixmsgRiRV? @ssVV Fy\s WgkiLiRVs RLRi s[sV gRisVsLixmsgRiLRiV? yLSRs NRP sVWRVsgS ˳؄sLiRVLRiV. AWgjiNTP sWyssWssVVV xqssWssVVV. \|msgS [NRPsWRss sVWRVsgS ˳؄sLiRV @RsNTP sV˳sVV. @Rs GNSLiRsVVsNRPV ˳LigRisVVLiRRV.

Wgji xqsLRi*\ RVVLiTRVV sVWRVss gRisVsV!

DxmsyRV xsVWLi

xmsLjiyRWNSaRP sVss sW{qsLRi e

xmsxqs*zms sLRissyLi

xmsLjiLRi˳xqss xmsLRisaRPM N][7zmsee 49

yeeWgji Rs¿[s[ RgRiRgS [zqsN]sc ANSaRPsVVs[ NRPVgS \lgiN]sc˳WRsVVs[ sVXRVRsVVgS [N]sc \sLSgRisVs zmsRVVLSs gSRsVV N_gRiLiRVN]s AsLiRxmsLRisaRPV\ RVVLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

RLjiLiRVNRPV RNRPs sxqsQsVVV, aRPRVsLiRVNRPV xLixqsRWNSRsVVV, RNTPLiRNRPV sVRs jLiRV c ByRV\|ms N][LjiNRP aRPLkiLRisxtsvsNRPV, ARsxtsvsNRPV dss][ s[RV.

sxtsQRWxqsNRPVRV zmsRWxmsLjixtsQ*LigRisVVs LRisbPLiRVsV. WgjiNTP ds\sLSgRis[V zmsRVVLSV. @RRV \sLSgRisVVs[ gSRsVV xRVVLiT AsLiRxmsLRiaRPVRgRiVsV.

[NRP sVsV˳sLiRVsj sxtsQRWsLiRsVV! Wgji @sV˳sLiRVsj xsLiRsVV! @j {qssVRsVV! Bj s{qs=sVsVV! @j saRP*LRisVV! Bj aSaRP*RsVV!

gRiR˳[RyxqsyճM

xqs*xms[yLRiyLRi yLkiճM e

LRisV[ xqsx RVLSM

RRVysM xmsolLi[N][7zmsee 4`

yee ˳[RsVVsss r~gRixqsVNRPQ\s sRWLiR][ LS Rs @LiRMxmsoLRisVV[ LRisVLisVcWgkiLiRVRV ؼ˳[RsVVsV sxtsQRVyxqsssV sxqsLjiLi, sVxqsLiysxmsLRisVV\ LRisVRVsVV\s VjsXRV][ DxmssxtsQRLiRMxmsoLRisVVs gkiTLiRVRVLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:

yLRissRVcdsRVc yRV @s ˳[RsVV[sy\lLi, r~sV胫s VsV, Fsss][ \sssV gRiWT sxLjiLiRVLRiV. yLjiRVLiRV ˳[R˳تssVV yxqss\ZNPssV DLiRRV. ˳[RsVsV yLji sXNTP ˳LigRiNRPLRisVV,

aRPLkilLi[LijRVsxtsv\RsV ˳[gRisVVsV rygjiLiRVN]sVNRPV xqssVLRiV\s xms˳Vso B r~gRixqsVNRPQ\s sRWLiRVsV FssNRP[zqs c @LiRMxmsoLRisVV[ yLji][ gRiWT sxLjiLiRVsV.

s[*xtsQ xmsLRisVV\s VjsXRVRVLiRV ˳[R˳تssVVsNRPV, sxtsQRVyxqssNRPV AsLiR\VssV @sNSaRPsVV [RV @sRVVs][ sVxqsLiys sVV rygRiVsV?

yLRissRV RsV r~gRixqsV¿[ IRWLRisVV¿[ RsVV gRiWTs xms˳VsLRiV RsVV sLjiLisV c ˳[RyxqsyLRizRsVV \s VjsXRVV WgkiLiRVsNRPV sLiR FyLRisaRPsVVsV gRiLiRVsV.

@LiRMsoLRisVsj [xms FsR[ DLiRVsV. @R NRPLiRLRiVsV [LRi[LRiV.

x؃ssVV sVxms[bPLiRV DxmssxtsQRVV s[RbdPL<RisVVV. ys ˳تssVV sLiRVN]sgRiV NRPxtsQsVV.

xms˳VsosNRPV @LiRMxmsoLRisVV sLRi˳WsV! WgjisLRiVsNRPV DxmssxtsQRLRisVV! sLRi˳WsV! INRP sxtsQRWsLiRsVV s[L]NRP sLiRsVV!

\sLSgRi sxmsosWLRiLi

s؃[ysV kzmsN][kxmssV e

ALRiVxRRQ*xLRiQLi

sVVNSQxqsx sWR[ RVLSee 48

yee \sLSgRi sVsV saS\sVs sVsLRiVxqs gRiVLiyc s؃ssVsT |mssVjs*¿[ xmsNSaRPsLiR\sV RVVsc sR xqsR sxqsVQ\ss xmsLRix sVsT s[VR\|ms ZNPNTP c RVLS sVVNTP NSLiR][ gRiWT AsLijLiRVRVLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

sVV [s[ s[VR\|msNTP FsNRPV xqsLi˳ssVV NSRV. @j RNRPs sVsLRixqs @LiVVs][ xqsVsVVgS @jL][zLixmssRV胫sV.

xmsLRixsVs xqssVVsR xmsryRsVV sjL][zLiRVNRPV \sLSgRis[V RNRPs sVyLji.

FsV[ s[VRdsVRNRPV ¿[LRiVN]ssV. @j kxmssVV [s dNRPN][\sVs][ c @R INRP s[L]NRPgS ][RVsV. @[ Rgjis s؃ssVV [NRP[Vcds ys syyRV ssLiLic Fss\ssV [}LijRV \sORPQsVVsV @sV˳sLissVc yy @sV˳ssVVsV xqsLjigS gRiVLjiLixmsRV. @yRV Rs ˳LisVWxms[aRPsVV¿[ [NRPsVVsV RxmsVyLjis LiRVsV.

$ aRPLiNRPLRi˳gRisyRVNRPV WLRi*sVV RLRiVyRNRPWR, RgjisLiR s؃ssVV[NRP[V RsV\s ryRs¿[ [}LijRV sORPQ\sVs ˳szqss @sV˳sLisyLRi VyLRiV.

NSsyLRiV Rgjis s؃ssVV [sy\lLisLiRVs, AzqssLiRVN]sRVVc xqsRsVVsV @sV˳sLixmssy\lLi [NRPsVVsNRPV @\Q*RճssVV\s xmsVsWLRisVVV Dxms[bPLiRVRV sLji.

Rgjis s؃ssVV[s sV˳ssVV kxmssVV[s s[VR. (sVLRiRsVV ճLissVcys s RVsyRV ys yLjiRQsVV ]gRiRV) @LiRV¿[ gRiVLRiWxms[aRPsVV¿[ xmsL][ORPQQ؃ssVVsV xqsLiFyjLiRVN]s cFsRgRis \sLSgS˳xqssVV¿[cQNRPsVVsV @sV˳sLixms sRVVsV.

Fss][ WgjixmsoLigRisoRV sWRs[V B sV ˳ssVVsV gRiTLi c sVVNTP NSLiyryxRLRisVV¿[ LiRs[LRiV胫sV.

ssR[R sWLi

ssy\sRXxtsQ NRPsdLi R e

@xmssWysVXR xmnsVNSLi

ARM N][7zms gRiX񦦦 ee 49

y ee GNSLiRyxqssVVsV RNRPs xmspRLiRgS c ssR ][T sLRisVV sR xmsLSVRsV NRPsXORPQxmsoksgSc @ssWssVVs @sVXRxmnsVNRPgScAR؃s xqsLixmssVRV sWRs[V {qs*NRPLjiLixmsgRiRV.

ssLRisVV:-

ryyLRi[NRPsVV aRP xqsLRi+ LRiWxms LRixqs gRiLiyRNRP sxtsQRVsVVLiRV LRisVLiRVsV. GNSLiRxms[aRPsVVsLiRV Bs ճLixmsso.

@LiRV¿[ sxtsQRWճsVV xmssX gRi [NRPsVVsNRPV GNSLiRyxqssVV NRPLiNRPNTPLkisVVs sVRVMsVVsV gRigjiLiRVsV.

sxtsQRVsLRiRV\s Wgji yss (GNSLiRyxqssVVsV) NRPVsxmsp RLiRsVs AsLiRsVV][ {qs*NRPLjiLiRVsV.

aRPLkiLRisVVsV dsTs RLRiVyRgRiWRc xqs*LSj xmso [NRPsVVRVLiRV @xms=LRiMNSLiyxqssWgRisVsVVsV yLiLis y\lLi RVRWgSj NRPLRisVVRVLiRV xmssLjiT sVV NSLiRVR xmsLSVV\ sLjiVRW? @ zqs sxqsxmsokxmss yLjiNTP sVRVMsVVsV |msVsV.

NSs WgjixmsoLigRisoRV [NRPsLRiVRsVVgS NSLiysLRirsVVsLiRV cRs[ DRLiVVLis L][RsV (gRiVxms=sV, @xqsxRsV) NRPNRPsV[ {qs*NRPLjiLiRVsV, ARLjiLiRVsV, xqsLiLRiOTPQLiRVsV.

[NRPsVVsNRPV @ssWssVV sxtsQsVV! xqssWs sVsVXRsVV! Wgji @ssWssVV @sVXRsVVgS {qs*NRPLjiLiRVsV,

@Rs GNSLiR[aRP QNRPsVVsNRPVc [NRPsVVsLjiLiRV @ssWssVVsV sVx[xmsNSLRi sVVsLjiLiRVsVgRiy!

sVWgji sWRs[V BVVLiRgRiRV!

ss}tsQR ][xtsQjRW

gRiVVyy s NTPyR[!

AsRNRP sVsV

ػ][*y}qs sVVsM N][7zmsee 5iLi

yee Wgji LiVW[NRPsVVsLiRV Fsys\sssV ][xtsQsVs ˳؄sLi xmsLjixLjiLixmsRV, gRiV᪫sVVgS RLi {qs*NRPLjiLixmsRV. @RsNTP gRiV][xtsQsVVV xqssWssVV[! @sRVVsV @sysxqssVV[! @RRsVR Dy{qssV\ RVVLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

'Rc¿[RscgRiVc][xtsQsVRVcsaRP*NUP>sNRPLSLRi'- RV{qsyxqsV.

("Rc¿[RssVVsV, gRiVc][xtsQsVVsV NRPRV[{qs xmsLRisWR LiVW[NRPsVVsV xqsXLi¿sV"

][xtsQs[VNSRV gRiV᪫sVVNRPWR sWRWsxqss[V! Fyxmss[V NSRV. xmsosV NRPWR A][xmsNTP ALiNRPs[V. RVxtsQQXRsVV RVM؃sV˳ssVVs\ZNP aRPLkiLRiLiRsVVsV |msV RVsj. xqsVNRPXRsVV xqsV؃sV˳ssVVs\ZNP aRPLkiLRisVVsV gRiLiRV RVsj. lLiLiRVsV xsLiysV˳ssVVsVLiT jgRiLRiV胫ss[V.

@LiRV¿[ WgjixmsoLigRisoRV ][xtsQsVs VLi [sds [*ztsQLixmsRV. gRiV᪫sVs FsLi [sds ARLjiLixmsRV. @RRV xqsLRi*Q\sVs @yRsxqsVsoRVLiRVsVc @j gRiV\sVssVc ][xtsQ\sVssV Dy{qssRs[cD}msOSQ˳تssVVs[ szLiRVsV.

˳WRLi NTPsVzms ssVsV[

˳؄sR NTP胫s sRVRsMe

xmsaRPs xmsoL][sLRiQzms sxqsV

xqssVryLRi xqssVLRixqsM N][7zmsee 51

yee ssVNRPVQ\s sVRVRV c ˳WyLRisVVsV ˳؄sLixmsRV, ˳sxtsQRLRisVVsV LiLixmsRV. xqssVryLRisVV RVLiRVsV. xqssVLRixqs Vj gRiy\ (xsVVgS RLji+LiRVy\) Rs FsRVsVs yss \|qsRsVV NTPLixmsRV.

ssLRisVV:-

˳WRsVV @sgS gRiRsj, ˳؄s [NRP ˳sxtsQRV @sgS LSsVsj. lLiLiTLiNTPs sRVsVsVsj sLRisWssVV

[NRPsVV @jNRPxqssVRVsVV ˳WyLRi˳تsssVLi][ c ˳sxtsQRLRiLiRssVVsLi][ RsVysVLRi sLjiVsV. ZNP[s sLRisWssVVsLiRjsVsRV.

[NRPsVVVVNRP LiVWzqs xqs*xmssVVsLij. NRP sLij. sVs sVR aRPRVsLiysW A xms[aRPsVVc A xmsLjixqsLRisVVV NRPRVLiRV sxqsLjiLixmsRVsV. G[ xms[aRPsVVVc FssL][ sNRPVV NSssRVLRiV.

@V[ RsV sRssVV[ c RsyLRiLi˳sVVs Fsxmso][ Ljigjis G][ sxtsQRVsVVsV ˳؄sLiRVRV [NRPsVV sLRisWyLRisVVsV RysVVs sxqsLjiLiRV RVLiRVsV. @[ Bj LiVVV ¿[RVsRVVsV, Bj LiVVV LRiVgRisss ˳sxtsQj*xtsQWx ][ sLRisWssVVsV sxqsLjiLiRVRVLiRVsV.

NRPRVLiRV sLRisWyLRisVV sxqsQXR\sV G][ G][ NSss胫sV[ BLiRVsV LRiVgRiVRVsjNRPy! @LiRV¿[ [NRPsVVVVNRP LiVWzqs (gRiyLRi˳تsssVV ˳sxtsQRLRiLiRssVV) xqs*xmsxqsRXaRPsVV.

BNRP sLRisWs sVVsj. @j sLRiLiRLRisVV. ˳sxtsQRLRisVV sVLiT sLiRVRV ˳VRsVVgS (gRiRsjgS) sWLji FsoRVsj. sLRisWssVV BV ˳WR˳sxtsQRV][ |mss s[zqsN]s RVVsRgRiV¿[ BjRVVsV RRVs[VNSs s[\lLisj NSRV. (BLiRNRPVsV BssRVV sV[sxqssVV[)

ARsxqsVsosLiRV sRgRiLRiWNRPV\s WgjiRVLi k xqs*xms sVVLiRRV. ˳WRc ˳sxtsQR*QQLRisWyLRi LiRs sVVLiRRV. @RRV Ljigjisyss LRiVgRi[VRVyss sWRs[V NSRV. sLRisWssVVs Rs FsRV sVsyss \|qsRsVV ˳؄sLixmsRV, NTPLixmsRV.

xqsLRi*Li xsVRVsVs ˳تssgRiy\ c sR xqssVLRixqs Vj\V c (NSؼdRV\) sLSVsV.

B WgjixmsoLigRisoRV sRVNRPgS sRVNRPgS FsR\ss ճLiRVs[sW!

sgRiX{y NRPLRiM

sLRiQXuyZaP[xtsQ sxtsQ[VxM e

RXzms sVsVRsV {qssWLi

FyxmsM xmsLRi N][7zms RVsLRiM ee 52

yee BLijRVsVV sss gjiRVc sVsLjiLi' sxtsQRVyxqss sss ]gRicRVT|ms, xqsLS*jNRP\sVscsLiR{qssVRVLiRV Fss][ RV ZaP[LRiVRVsWRs[V sxLjiLixmsgRiRV.

ssLRisVVV:-

'BLiRxqscARsMcsLic xmsNRPLic BsRVLi' ARsxqsVxmsosV xqsWLiRVsj RVgRiV¿[ BLijRVsVV. a][yRV\s BLijRVsVVV xmss ¿[RVVRVss. FsV xmss ¿[RVVRVss.?

ARrydsVxmssVV¿[ VjRVLiRV xmsxmnsLis \¿RssVVsV sVsxqsV=y*LS @LiRVN]s @s xmss ¿[RVVRVss.

gjis[s ds sVLRiVgRiVRVc NTPLiR @gji *LiRVRVsRs RV[RVVRVsVcBLijRVsVV ysVV xmss }qsRVVRVcRsV ssVNRPsVs ARsV zmsNTP RVRVss. @LiRV¿[ dssNTP BLijRVsVVs }mslLi[LRisV. sxtsQRV؃ssVVsNRPV ryRssVV gRiV¿[ Bs 'NRPLRi᪫sVVV' @ssV NRPLRi᪫sVV @sgS ryRssVV.

"RVy xmsk}mss NRPLRi[s LRiWxmssVVxms˳[cRy RORPVuyzms NRPLRi[s LRiWxmssVVxms˳[ e Gs s[RLSzms NRPLRiجsee "

-aRPLiNRPLRi˳syRVyLRiV.

NRP[sVs sxqsVsoVVNRP LRiWxmssVVsV gRizLiRVNRPV kxmssVV ryRssVVgS DxmsWgjiLiRV RVsV c LRiWxmsgRix᪫sVVs NRPsV ryRssVVgS DxmsWgjiLiRVRVsj. BLijRVsVV sRVVsV BV[ryRssVVVgS DxmsWgRixmsRV RVss.

aRPgRix᪫sVVs ¿scxqsLRi+gRix᪫sVVs R*gjiLijRVsVVc LRiWxmsgRix᪫sVVs s[RsVVc LRixqssxtsQRVsVVs x*cgRiLiR sxtsQRVsVVs yzqsNRPcryRssVV\ NRPLRi᪫sVV sRV RVss.

s[LRiVxmso gRiyRV ryRssVVsV NRPgRi ssWgjiLi ZaP[RVsVVLiRVsV. s[LRiVxmso [syRV yss DxmsWgjiLiRVN]sV ¿[RNSNRP xmssWRsVVs NRPVN]sVsV.

gRiV᪫sVVsj, \|qsNTPVsj. @s xmsRW᪫sVVs ryRssVV[. yss sRVxmso INRP s[LRiV. As[LRiV [syRV xmssWRsVVs TFsoRVyRV. Bj sVs FsLRiVNRP[s[!

@[ BLijRVsVVVsV FysVLRiVs sWRsVVs R][RVVRVsj. FyٲRV yss[ gjiRV, sgRizLi ZaP[RVsVLiRVRVyRV.

INRP gRiV᪫sVV[cBRLRi yxssVV[ xmssWRsVV [NRPVLiR sRxmsoNRPV sgRizLiRVNRPV s[LRiV NSsRVVsV. BLijRVsVVsV sgRizLiRVNRPV ysNRPLisV s[LRiV @sxqsLRisVV. 'sVsMxtsQuydssRW' a][yj xmsLiRNRPsVVcsWsxqssVV C ALRiVsV خs[LijRVsVVV ygSj xmsLiRNRPsVV NRPlLi[LijRVsVVV. C BLijRVsVVV aRPصjsxtsQRVsVVsV sVsxqsVsNRPV @LijLiRVRVss. sVsxqsV\|ms C sxtsQRVsVVV sxLjiLixmsgSc@R ys yRsV }msLRiVN]sVRVss. @V }msLRiVN]s yxqss¿[ [LjiR\sV sVsxqsV= sxtsQRWճxtsQ][ BLijRVsVVsV gRiRLiRVRVsj.

N]RVNRPV 胫s sVRsVVsV ys sVsyRV Ry*xqss¿[ [LjiRV\c sVLRi sVLRi N]RVNRPVsV A sVRsVVs @LijLiRVsVs }msLRi ¿[zqssVc

sxtsQRVxqsVsVRQ\sVc Ry*xqss¿[ gRiRs sVsxqsV= BLijRVsVVsV ݃sMxmsossVVgS sxtsQRVsVVsLiNRP LRiVsLiRVRVsj. sVsxqsVVVNRPV CxmssXNTP RRR sxtsQRVyxqss[V NSLRi᪫sVV.

Wgji Rs @LiRMNRPLRi᪫sVVsVLiT sxtsQRVyxqsssV sLRiLiRLRi x˳تss¿[ RVT|mss[RVVsV. yxqss[ [so, @ճxtsQ FsV sLiRVsV?

$ sVysWRV᪫sVVs VVxtsQaRPXLigRiVs NRPRRVVsj. sRVxqsV[sVs r~gRixqsVNRPQ\s yLRissRV LSRVN]s LjigjissV ARVs @LiRLRiLigRisVVs sxtsQRWճxtsQ sLixms[RVc G DRLiVVLixms[RV A sVRVs @LiRLRiLigRisVVs sxtsQRVyxqss[ [so.

sVWgRiV @LiRLRiLigRisVVcsxtsQRVyxqsyLRizR\sV aRPVR\sV RVVLiRVsV. B sVdsRVVV s{qs=sWsLiR [aRPsVVs sLRiLiRLRisVV sxLjiLiRVRVLiRVLRiV.

xqssQ [xmsxmssLi

yxqssVsLi R y鼽 NS*zms e

xqs*xqsM ZaP[[ RVLS

ysLRi sWss sVsV˳ss[NRPMee 53

yee Wgji RsNRPV Dxms\sVsyss NSRsRV @sVxms sVVsV yLiLixmsRV. ALiRLSsLiysV˳ssVgRiVQQ\ xqs*xqsV\ RVVLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

"aRPLkiLRisVVsNRPV sRsVV FyRsxqsVso NSssV. sVsxqsVNRPV sRsVV sWRs sxqsVsoNSssV. Bj ys xqs*˳تsssVV."

GsVLiRsVVcGjLiRVcGgRijcGyxssVV DxmsWgjiLiRV LRiVgRiVRVs][ aRPLkiLRisVVsNRPV @[ sVLiRsVVc@[jLiRVc@[gRijc@[yxssVV NSssV. sWLjis][ xqsVsVVLiRRV. BV aRPLkiLRisVV @ss ssVNRPyss[ N][LRiVN]sVsV.

sVsxqsV @V NSRV. ysNTP sRsVV N]Rj NSsRVVsV. G NRPRss BLiRsLRiNRPVsV AsLijLiRV Ljilgi[ @[ NRPR ssVNRPV sVsxqsV xqsVsVVsVV NSRV. BxtsQxmsRRV.

G xqsVLiRLji F~LiRV\ZNP BLiRsLRiNRPV RzmsLi¿[ @j ճLis zmssV ysVRsLRiNRPQ\sV N]Ryss yLiLiRVsV.

Gj\VssV RsNRPV ճLixmssLiRsLRiNRPV sWRs[V sVsxqsV ys\ZNP ALSxmsRVsV. ճLisdsVR ysVR sLRiNRPQ\sV s[L]NRP N]Rj NSssV. @LiRV¿[ ALSs[V NSs AsLiR sVsj sVsxqsVy*LS ճLiRV NRP,

'@[][ @j' ճLis yVsV. yNRPV s[lLi[sVRVV @NRPLRi[RV. @s sVsxqsV xmsV xmsVNRPVsV. '@[][ @j' ճLisj. sLis[ sVsxqsV Rs xmssV gSNTP sR s[RVVsV. ճLis ysVR @xqsLiRXxmsQ\sVcs[L]NRPys\ZNP NRPVRWxsVVsV sQQNRPxmsLRiRVsV.

WgjiVVNRP sWsxqssVV rysWs[NRPsVVVVNRP sWsxqssVVsNRPV ճssVVgS sVLiRVsV.

'ճLisysVR sLRixqss˳تssVV'

ճLixmssysVR yLiyORPQ᪫sVV'

Wgji sWsxqssVVsLiRVLiRso. @Rs sWsxqssVV @FyLRi\sVs @LiRLSsLiRsVVsc [sNTP ryRVsj [][c @ sLiRsVVs sRRXxmsQ\sVc@syLiyLRizR\sVRVVLiRV[V ksNTP }RVso.

C [NRPsVVsLisLRiVsV xqsVsVVgS aRPRVsLiRV [RV. lLi[xmsoc'Bj ¿[RVsRVVsV. @j xqsLiFyjLixmsssV. C @RsVVsV ]gjiLiRVN]ssRVVsV' c ByjgS xsRsVV\s As[Rs][Rs[ [NRPsVV aRPRVQ\|ms s[VsVyVRVsj.

WgjixmsoLigRisoRV sWRs[V xqs*xqs˳تssVV][ aRPRVsLiRVsV.

NSxtsvzms ssVLi xmsRdsLi

AryyssxqsLisRVsQysVe

@s[ ճORPVNRP GN][

sxLRisLRiVQQNRP ssM \|qs#*LRisVee 45

yee ؃ysLiRsVVV sRgRiXRsVV\c sNRPzqsRsVV\ sLjiVcssV\sVsc@sLRi*RdsRV ryssVVsV [LRiVN]sy\ LiRLRizRV\, xqsLRi*sRsVV xqs*RLiRV\ ճORPQNRPV ]NRPRV sxLjiLiRV RVyRV.

sLRiLRisVV:-

'[aRPsVV[ LSxtsQxms xmsRs |msRxmsRs. ARVs xqsLRi* sRsVV xqs*RLiRVRV. A xmsRs FsssN][ ˳gRisLiRVsNRPV ճLiRVsV' c @s ¿xmsV[ @LRisVVsj.

NSs Fss][ ճORPQNRPVRV. s LiTcNRP RyRVN]sVNRPV INRP s xmspLjigRiVTaRP @LiVVssV [syRV @FyLSsLiRsVVsV @sV˳sLiRVRVs xqs*RLiRVRs ¿xmsVRVyLS? B[sV sRWLRisVV? @szmsLiRVsV?

LSxtsQxms xmsRs\VssV ˳RVLRizRsVVNSRV. ˳RVLRizR\sVs][ @LigRiLRiORPQNRPV LiRVNRPV? @j aSaRP*RsVVsV NSRV. ˳RVryssVVs LiRV AsLiR s[VsV AsLiRsVV?

ճORPVNRPVRVc NRP[syRVc s jLiT [syRV c @s sVssVV ˳؄sLiRV WgjixmsoLigRiso][! ARVs gRiRsVVsV ˳؄sLixmsRV. ˳sxtsQRVsV LiLixmsRV! sLiRrysWxmsճztsQNRPVQ\s @RsNTP RVVsV ryNSLRiV. @LiRV¿[ @R]NRPRV sWRs[V DsR xmsRsRVLiRVLiT AFyLSsLiRsVVsV @sV˳sLiRVRVyRV.

sxqsV sxqssV y

saRP*slLi[ sdssVyMe

LS xmsLSs}msO][Q

LS7 dsRLSgSتsVee 55

yee xqsLRi*saRP*sLRisVV FsLiRV @xqssVLi NSsLSNRPVLiR [soRVs][c@ sxqsVsosLiRV (xmsLRixsVVsLiRV) dsds\sVs sWsxqssVV gRiy\c\sLSgRi˳gRixqsLixmssV[ NRPsLjiQ\V RV ZaP[LRiV]NRPRV BR LS}msORPQ [sy\ sLSV RVyRV.

ssLRisVV:-

NRP[ sxLjiLiRV FsLiRsNRPV? sVNRPVs LSsLiRsLRiNRPV. sVNRPVs s胫sLiRs[ xqs*xmssLRisV @xqssVLiRVRVsj. NRP[s AsxqsVsoVcsNRPVVcysRVLi[LRiRs LSgRi[*uyRVVcCL<SQ ˳RVNRPLiFyRVV BssRVVsV @RXaRPsVV gRiVRVss. gRiXRVLiRV, sVNRPVsRVLiRV @xqssVLiRVRVss.

@[ @؃ssVs |mssVsRVLRiRVLi[LRiTs LiVW saRP*xqs*xmssVcAR؃sLRiWxms\sVs gRiX DRLiVVLisLiRs[ @xqssVLiFsoRVsj. @sgS ARsR Dxms\sVsLiRs[ saRP*xqs*xms sLRisVV xmsLjixqssWxms sVgRiVRVsj. xqsLRi*Q\sVs saRP*sVV A][xmsRVLi RLiRL>jiR\sV FsoRVsj.

ճsQQ\sVs @ ry*RsxqsVsosLiRV FssRV sVss[LRiV胯[c ys AsLiysV˳WNTP BRLRi sxqsVso][ @NRPLRi RVVLiRRV.

\sLSgRisVsgS sLRiNTP; BsVVR xmns˳[gRisVVsLiRV @yxqsNTP. @j [NRPVs sV˳ssVV xqsVs. A \sLSgRiQ\sVssV @ryyLRi\sVRVVLiRsRVVsV. @xmso[ saRP*xqs*xmssVV L][zRsVgRiVsV. [NRPVs xqsgRisVV sRVLRic xqsgRisVV sVNRPVs @LiVVs RaRPRVLiRVs saRP*xqs*xmssVV LiRLiRsVVVgS @sVsLjiLiRVRVLiRs[gSs xmspLjigS ]gRiRV.

Fss][ @ryyLRi\sLSgRi xqsLixmssVQQ\s RV[NRP RNRPsLji sWRs[V C zqs sLiRVN]s sLSVsV.

AyLS Fy RXaS

xqssVyFy FyLRi xqsLisyNSLRiMe

xmsaRPsVR xqsNRP s˳[RM

xmsLRixLixqsM NRPbPy˳ؼee 56

yee $gRiVLRiVNRPLRiVNRPORPQsVV¿[c@LiRsVV[s ؃ssVV VVNRP ANSLRisVVsV @LiRVN]sy\cxmsLRisVxLixqs VVNRPRV @xqssVy ˳[R˳تssV\ sLSVRVyRV.

ssLRisVV:-

gRiVLRiVso[s sR NRPVLisR. GsRQ\sssV gRiVLRiVso [NRP[V @LiRVN]sgRilLi[sW NSs, $gRiVLRiVs NRPLRiV[NRP ARsR @sRRV.

xmsxmso\sVs @LiRLRiLigRisVV][ gRiVLRiVsLjiLiRV 'RRQ*sVzqs' Byj sVyNSL][xms[aRP##s[V $gRiVLRiVs NRPLRiV. ys¿[ sWRs[V A؃ssxqs\sVs xqsLiryLRisVV ssLjiLiRVsV. Fss\ssV sVyNSLRi sVsssVV¿[Rs[c 'aRPLkiLRisVV ysV NSssRVV, @FyLRi\sVs xqsLisRV, @sgS ؃ssVV, @[ Rs LRiWxmssVsRVV gRizLixms s[LRiV胫sV.

@xmsoRV ysNTP xqsLRi*sVVsV ARxqs*LRiWxmssVVgRi @sV˳ssVVsNRPV sRV胫sV. ARNRPLi c xsVVNRPLi s[\lLis jRVVsV g][RLjiLixmsRV. @LiRV¿[ @RsRVLiRV [aRPsVVsV ˳[R˳تssVV sVgjiRVVLiRRV.

B zqs sLiRVg]ss xmsLRisVxLixqs\Vs WgkiLiRV]NRPRV sWRs[V ysLiyNRPX\V sLSVsV, 'xdscxLixqsM' xs zLiry gRi][M. 'sRRVyRV' FsoyRV' @s xLixqsaRPsVVsNRPV @LRisVV.

FssU xqsLiryLRiRNRPsVVsVLiT xmsLRisWRsLiNRPNRPV [so\ZNPRNRPssWLRisVV s[LRiLRiRVN]s, @LiRV rygRiVRVy][cFsoRVy][ yRV xLixqs. @sgS Wgji, RV. yLji[ ZaP[xtsvRV 'xmsLRixLixqs, xmsLRisVxLixqs'.

FysVLRi\sVs [NRPsV xqsLiryLRisVVsVLiT NRPRs[. FyRVLiRV gRiWR Fss][ sVdsRVVRV sWRs[V 'xLixqscxmsLRisVxLixqs' xmsRsVV sLiRVN]sVsV. @RsNTP sWRs[V ˳[RLRizR\sVs sV˳ssVV ryRsVV, @j\VssV $gRiVLRiVNRPLRiV؄sZaP[xtsQsVV¿[ sWRs[V ճLiRVsV.

sLSQaRPsV ssryLi

sRWRV syks e

xmsLjibPxtsQ[ RVdsM

xmsLjixmspLSxqss [RsW[ ee 5`

yee @LiysLiRsVRV\sVs xsVVsV gRiWLji胫s [RsVV AsLRisLixmsgS c RVZaP[LRiVRV sLSQaRPsV ssxqssV dsVcRVsV NTPLi]sLjiLi, @j*dRV xmsLRixsxqsVQ\s s˳zqsLiRVRVyRV.

ssLRisVV:-

إصj sLRissxqssVcAaRPsVssxqssV FyLixmsszqssyLRiV FssLRiV! aRPLkilLi[LijRVsxtsvV C ssxqssV FyLiRV RxmsRV.

aRPLkilLi[LijRV sORPQ\sVs AR xqs*LRiWxmssVVsV gRiVLjiLi xs[V yss [RsVVs ssysNTP xmsLRisVV [sV? AaRPsVsVV [sV?

'RLiy[7xqsV xqsRVj*[7xqsV gRiVLRiVLji[uy

sVdsuy sVsV' csVdsuyxmsLiRNRPsVV.

yRV xV\ ssV RLiyV\ssV xqsLRi*[NRP xmsp[, A sVsV˳تsoRV BRLRiV VRsVc xصj sLRisRcAaRPsVsR ˳[R˳تssVVsV RLji+LixmsRV. xqsLRi*sVVsV xsVRVsVVgS @sV˳sLiRVsV.

xsR*lLi[VQ\s WgkiLiRVRV RXNRPXRxxmsoLRiLiRLRiVRV, @sgS BLiRxmsRsscxxmsRss gRiTxmsLRiNRPgS ڿRVsV.

xVVNRP ARVVso FsLiR FsNRPV䪫s\VssV ysNTPs @LiRsVVsj. '@R xMc j*dRVxmsylLi[' @s xqsLiNRPsVV[ ¿xmsVRyLRiV.

xmsLRi+@LRisVV=g]xmsQ\s xqsgRisVV, xVVNRP ARVVso y|msRj. yss lLiLiRV xqsgRisVVVgS [zqssxmsoRV @s y |msR\ss lLiLiRV xqsgRisVVVc@LRi˳gRisVVV @gRiVsV. sVVR xqsgRisVV xmsRsV xmsyLRisVV. lLiLiRs xqsgRisVV j*dRVxmsyLRisVV.

BxmsoRVs xNRPV G[LiRV gRiRFLiVVss. ALRisxmsj[ TyRV. Cj*dRV xmsyLRisVV xmsLjixqssWxmsQ\sVs][ C xRVVLiRRV, s[L]NRPRV xxmsRsVV sjztsQLiRVsV.

BV RV xmsRsoV @aSaRP*RsVV\ RVVLiRgS Wgji aSaRP*R\sVscxmsosLSsX LRizR\sVs (s xqsxmsosLSsLRi򾻽[) xmsLRixsVV y\s xmsNSbPLiRV RVyRV.

aSaRP*RVRV saRP*LRiVs gjiLiRV}qsRVVRVLi yaRPLRis[VsVVsj?

@LiysLiRsVRV xmsLRixsVV yss @sV˳ssVV sLiRVN]syRV saS*dRV\cjNRPV\c@j*dRVV\ @LSLRiVRVyRV.

$xqsybPs }LiRVyLRiV BLiRsLRiNRPVsV AR sysxqs\sVs ssVQQNTPs xqsVLisy\lLicgRiLi][xmsxqsLiLRisVVgS BNRPdsVR s[xsVVNTPs ssVLiRVRVyLRiV.

ORPQRV sVVxmsdsRV xqssVxqsLi

NRPLRi FyLRi sVVxms˳V e

xmssgRiR [xsM

Fy[ \|s ZNP[sLi ˳see 58

yee @xqsLigRiV\c ARsxtsv\ RLjiLiRV¿[ xqsLiR, @gSsVNRPLRisVVsV, @sV˳ssVV¿[ FyLRiNRPLRisVVsV ORPQLiVVLixms[zqssy\ WgkiLiRVRVc [xsVV LSFgS ZNP[s xmsLRixs[V ysgRiVRVyRV.

ssLRisVV:-

Rxms AjNRPsVV¿[ xqsLiR AgSsV NRPLRisVVV sWRs[V sbPLiRVsV. FyLRisVV (G NRPLRixmns؃sV˳ssVVs\ZNP aRPLkiLRi s[VLRiTs][ @j) @sV˳ssVV¿[Rs[ sbPLiRVsV, (FyLRiLi˳[gRi][ sZaP[`).

C gRiLiRsVVsLi jLiRsLRiNRPV G ARsyQ\s˳ssVV xqsVLixms[ c yssry*RVR sVVsLjiLiRVN]s xqsy ARsxtsv\c[}LijRVsVV][T yyRQsVVsVWLjigRi sT|ms @xqsLigRiV\ RLjiLiRVy*LSc

sxqsLRi[sVs @ssVV, sLiRRVRVs @ssVVs xqsLiR AgSsV NRPLRisVVV WgkiLiRVs @sV˳ssVVsNRPV LSNRP[V sbPLiRVsV.

sxqsLRi[ sVsQQ\ssVc xmsLiRRVRVsQQ\ssV sg][LRiVys @sV˳ssVVsNRPV sRV讃s[gSsc ByLRizRV\ xmssX[sysNTP ys @sV˳s sVV zqsjLiRVsV?

FyLRisVV sWRsVV BjsLRiZNP[ s @ssVVs sxmss ysV [RVNRP sLRisVLixmsRV. NSgS @xqsLigRiV\ RLjiLiRV¿[ xqsLiR AgSsV NRPLRisVVV sbPLiRVsV. @sV˳ssVV¿[ FyLRi NRPLRisVV sbPLiRVsV.

Fy\s WgkiLiRV TV xqsLRi*NRPLRisVVsV sRVsVVsLjiLiRV¿[ c [xFyysLiRLRisVV c LRiVgRi [xsVVsV yVNRPV Rgjis NRPLRis[V ZaP[ztsQLi RVVLiRRV.

@RRV aRPLkiLRisVV][ sVs sRVsV sRRWRVRVsxmsV[ xQ\sV RVVyRV gRiy! aRPLkiLRiFyysLiRLRisVVc s[L]NRPaRPLkiLRisVVsV sVVZNPLiRV aRPLkiLRi sVjRVVsV ZaP[ztsQLi RVVLiRs RaRPRVLiRV ZNP[s xmsLRixs[V RVgRiVRVyRV.

FyٲRV [xFyysLiRLRisVV ZNP[s xmsLRixs[V ysgRiVRVyRs zmsyLRiVNRPy! A xmsLRix sV][ yVgRiV a][NRPsVV[ ssLjiLiRV RVyLRiV.

zqssVR sVxqsssVyRLi

xqssR sWss [RxmnsVssVe

@sNRP sWRs[VNRPLi

xqsyRLi sR[ NTPsVzmsee 59

yee NRPRNRP[s\csVVRV sLRi [s\c؃ysLiR xmsLjixmspLRiQ\sVcsNRPLRizR\sVc xqsysWRsVVgRi sLSV @sLRi*RdsRV sxqsV NRP (xmsLRixsVV) s˳zqsV RVsj.

ssLRisVV:-

WgkiLiRVRV [xFyysLiRLRisVV ZNP[s xmsLRix sVgRiVRVyRs ¿xmsV¿[cxxqs*LRiWxms sV\ RVVLiRVss FyhRiNRPVs sWsxqssVV RRVsoN]sVsscxqsybPs}LiRVyLRiV yVgRiV a][NRPsVV[ xmsLRixxqs*LRiWxmssVVsV jRsVVgRi xqsWLiRV RVyLRiV.

ssLRisVV:-

xmsLRixsVV zqssVRsVVc@sLiRsVVc@yj.

FsR lLiLiRs sxqsVso [][ @R NRPRNRP RVVLiRVNRPV dsV[RV. @LiRsV sRVsj [NRP c @j*dRV\sV xmsLRixsVV @LSLRiVRVsj. ysRVLiRV RssVVLiRRV. @j zqssVR\sVsj.

xqsXztsQNTP WLRi*sVVcxmsRVsVVsNRPV sVgRiWR sLji*NSLRi\sV RVVLiRVsj RVgRiV¿[ xmsLRixsVV @yj @sLiRsVV

xmsLjixmspLRiQ؃ysLiRsVV[ ys LRiWxmssVV. @ssVsj [NRP ILigS sLSVRVs RgRiV¿[ @j sNRPLRizRsVV. lLiLiRsj [RV. @LiRV¿[ @j @j*dRVsVV.

lLiLiRsj [Rs @sV FsV? ؃ssVV AsLiRsVV lLiLiRV NSy? @szmsLiRVsV. @s lLiLiRV NSso. INRP[. ؃ysLiRsVVVgS sVs ]NRP[V. @[ ؃ssVV. @[ AsLiRsVV.

FssVV, xճsQQ\sV xmsxmsLiRsVVsjgRiy? xsVV @j*]RVsVsV FsV NRPVRVLRiVsV @s xqs DRLiVVLiRVsV.

@˳xqs RaRPRVLiRVsyLji\ZNP C xmsxmsLiRsVV xճssVs ¿xmssV. C xmsxmsLiRsVVNRPWR xs[VcxsRLjiNRPsVV NSRV.

NSLRisVV NSLRi᪫sVVNRPLi s[\lLisj NSRV, INRP sV NRPRs RVVsj. NRPRsgS sVsxmsVRVsVc xmsgji sVVNRPQ\sxmsoRVsV, NRPRsgS sWLRiVNRPV xmspLRi*sVVsVc@j sVs[csV RVLi[ ysVLRiWxmssVVV NRPRsVVVsV. NRPRsVV @xqsRsVV. @j sVX[. sVXj郫s sVsRVsV. NSRV.

xmsLRixsVV yaRPLiVVLi ¿gjis sWRVVVNRP sxqssVVgS DRLiVVLiscC ysVLRiWFyRNRP xmsxmsLiRsVV gRiWRcxmsLRisVNSLRi\sVs xmsLRixsVV NRPLi s[\lLisj FsgRiVsV?

@LiRV¿[ @˳ryLRiLi˳sVVscxmsxmsLiRsVV s[LRiV. xsVV s[LRiV. @yRsxqsVsocARsxqsVso @s ¿xmsVRVLRiV.

@˳xqssVVVVNRP c xmspLSsxqsRVLi][ @sgS zqsyssxqsRVLiRVc 'xqsLRi*Li *RLi x', 's[xyyzqsNTPLiRs', Ds]NRP[, lLiLiRsj [RV, [s[[RV, @s @sV˳ssVVsNRPV sRV胫sV.

NRPVLiRV FssLRiNRPsVVVgScFss }msLRiV][ g][RLjiLiRVRVssV FyٲRV @ sVX[ @s RLisVc AR syxqsLixmssVRVgRiWR xqsLRi*sVVsV @j*dRV xmsLRixsVVs @sV˳sLiRVsV.

'sylLi[7xmsRV s[VyL][7RVs[VyL][7syLRi[' جs syLjiLi 'Ds]NRP[' RVs gRizLiRVgSNRP! @جs RRQ*sVVsV gRizLixmsNRP yyR*sVVsV ˳؄sLiRVgSNRP!

Ds]NRP[! ysRVLiRV sWLRiV[RV. @j xqsyRsVV,

'xqsyRsVV'c@sV C xmsRsVV @RVR\sVsj. xqsRc@sgS DsNTP, 'DsNTP[V' xxqs*LRiWxmssVV @sCxmsRsVV VxmsoRVsj.

'[xsVVsj; xmsxmsLiRsVVsj' @sxmsoRV dssNTP gSLRi\sVs sxqsVNRP RVVsRs ExNRPV @LiRVRVsj. @[][ A xmsLRisVNSLRi sxqsVsoVVNRP DsNTP[V @sV˳ssVVsNRPV @LiRVRVsjgSscsxqsQ*sV˳ssVV xqsLi˳ssVV NSRV.

@LiRV¿[ xmsLRixsVV xqsyRsVV, ZNP[s xqsyxqs*LRiWxmssVV. DsNTP[V LRiWxmssVVgS gRij. C xqsRcCDsNTP ؃ysLiRsVVNRPLi s[\lLisj NSRV. 'xqsysLiRsVVV' @sV sVWRV aRPsVV¿[ Bj }msL]䃫sRVgSNRP! BLiRV xqs*gRiR˳[RsVV [aRPsVVsV [RV. C xqs`c`cAsLiRsVVVcINRPysNRPLi INRP s[\lLiss NSso,

(gRiVLRiWxms[aRP xmspLRi*NRP\sVs sLRiLiRLS˳xqssVV¿[ sWRs[V kss RVgRiLRiV.)

aRPLkiLRisVVsV dsTs zmssV Wgji LiVV xmsLRixsVV. ZNP[s xmsLRixs[V ysgRiVRVyRs yRLRisVV.

@ORPQLRi sVLRi sVػRLi

xqsWORPQQRLSxmspLRi aRPVR s؃ssVe

xmsgRiR xqsLRi* ZNP[aRPLi

xmsLRiRR*Li sLRi򾻽[ NTPsVzmsee 9iLi

yee A xmsLRixsVV scLScsVLRi᪫sVVV [sj, sVNTP xqsWORPQQQQ\sVsj, @LiRVZNP[aRPsVsj [aRPsVVsV [RV. xqsLRi*RRQ*sVVNRPVsV @s*\ c @j*dRV\sV xmsNSbPLiRV RVsj.

ssLRisVV:-

scLScsVLRi᪫sVVV [xsVVsNRPV xmsLRixsW!

"s ظRV[ sVRV[y NRPy`e

yRVLi ˳Wy* ˳syy s˳WRVM" eecgkiR.

ysNTP scLScsVLRi᪫sVVV [so.

xmnsV aRPLSyj ysVLRiWxmssVV s NRPRsVV\ @gSLjissV, sVXRV ss sVLRi᪫sVV LijsV NSRV.

sWRWsxqssVVgS C xmsxmsLiR sV[ sRsVV gRiR\sV |msLjigji sLjigji RLRiVgRiVgSNRP!

CsWRV [s yaRPLiVVLi ¿gRiVRVs][, [sRVLiRgSLRiVRVs][ A xmsLRixsVV sLji*NSLRis[V. @LiRV¿[ xmsLRixsVV @ORPQLRisVV, @LRisVV, @ػRsVV.

C xmsLRixsVV INRP sxqsVsogS NSRV, ZNP[ssVV xqsRgS (DsNTPgS) xqsyRsVVgS @sV˳sLixms Rgjisj. @LiRV¿[ ksNRPLi xqsWORPQQQQ\sVsj DLiRs[LRiRV.

xqsVsVVcRVMsVV [}LijRWLiRMNRPLRi᪫sVV sLRiNRPVsV rygji LSgRiso. @V RLRiVyR rygRi[so.

xqsLRi*RRQ*sVVNRPVsV @s*\s xmsLRixsVVsLiRV ysNTP s[aRPsVV xqsLi˳ssVV NSRV. @LiRV¿[ @j ZNP[aRPLRizR \sVsj.

؃sxqs*LRiWxms\sVs A xmsLRixsVV @sLRi*RdsRVsVVc@j*dRVsVV.

Wgji aRPLkiLRiFyysLiRLRisVV B ZNP[s xmsLRixsVV ysgRiVRVyRV. @sgScx sxqsVsosNRPV yRTs xqsLRi* sZaP[xtsQ᪫sVVV @RsNTP ¿Lijss[V @gRiVRVss.

xqsVRLRi sVsVLRi sVRWLRiLi

ryLRiLi xqsLiryLRi yLji[ {qsLRisVe

xqssVLRis sV˳RV sVFyLRiLi

R胫s sR[ RRQ*sVee

yee A xmsLRixsVV xqsVxqs*LRiWxmssVV. @sybP sR xqsszRsVV. xqsLiryLRi xqssVVRsVVsNRPV dLRi˳WsV. @j sRxqsLRisVLRixqssVV, @˳RVryssVV. @LiRsVV[sj. @sLRi*RdsRVsVV. @j*dRVsVV.

Wgji xmsoLigRisoRV [xFyysLiRLRisVVcB @j*dRVc@sLRi*RdsRV xmsLRixsVV y\s, xmsosLSsX LRizRV\ sLSVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

FsLiR RgRiLRi[ sVs sxqsVQ\sssV xqsWORPQQsVVgS LjibdPLisxmsoRV ysNTPs sVsNRPVsV sRVsV N]LiR @LiRLRisVVLiRNRP RxmsRV.

NSs xmsLRixsVV @V NSRV. @[ sVs\sVRVVysVV. @LiRV¿[ ysNRPLi xqsszR\sVsc sRxqsszR\sVscFssRVsV FsRظRVscRWLRiLRizR\sVs sxqsVso [L]NRP [RV. DLiRRV.

(BRLRi sZaP[xtsQ᪫sVV sRVVsV ssVNRP ssLjiLixmssV)

[xsVV LSFgS Wgji LiVV ZNP[s xmsLRixs[V ysgRiVRVyRV.

$ xqsybPs}LiRVyLRiV (gRiLiRNRPLRi) BLi WgjixmsoLigRiso[. yLRiV {˳WRV\yLRisj sbPRsVV. xmsLRixsVV @LiRLRiNRPVsV sRxqsszRsVs ¿xmsyLRiVgRiy! {˳WRVgRiV¿[ xqsybPs}LiRVV @LiRLRiNRPVsV sRxqsszRVs s[lLi[ ¿xmssNRPLRi[RV.

Fss\ssV ds\sVs @˳xqs \sLSgRisVV¿[ Rs @LiRMNRPLRi᪫sVVsV y xqsyRsVVgRi @sV˳sLixmsRV xmsLRixsVVsV [LRiVN]s][c yLRiV xqsybPs}LiRVyLjis [LRiVN]syLRissW.

$ xqsybPs}LiRVyLRiV @LiRLRiNRPVsV sR xqsszRV\ @LiRLji s[sVNRPVsV ssVNRP sLSVRVyLRis RVyLRisVVs gRiWR LiVW a][NRPsVV RV[RVVRVsj.

@LRixqs sVgRis sVLRiWxmsLi

sLRixqs sVxqsR* sVRsVxqs䪱sVe

sLRiVxmsxms sLRiRV RR*Li

R䪫sVzms ][R[ sRsVee 92

yee LRiWxmsLRixqs gRiLiRsVVV NSNRPcxqsR*cLRiMcRsVxqsV=sRV gRiV᪫sVVV GsVRVVsV [s\cry[s @˳RVsxqsV]NRP @sLRi*RdsRV\sVc@j*dRV\sV xmsNSbPLiRV RVsj.

ssLRisVV:-

aRPcxqsLRi+cLRiWxmscLRixqscgRiLiRsVVV a][ykLijRVsVV¿[ VsRVRVs sxtsQRVsVVV. xmsLRixsVV @jNSRV. @j BLijRV sXRV xmsVsNRPV NRPRV. @j '@aRPcsVxqsLRi+csVLRiWxmscsVxmsRVLi' @LiVVsj.

saRP*sVLiRRVV gRiVػRNRPsVV. gRiV᪫sVVsgS xqsRQ*LRixqs sWgRiV᪫sVVV.

"\QgRiV sxtsQRWs[yM s|q^s#QgRiV[˳yLRiVs!"

cgkiR.

xmsLRixsVV gRiVؼdRsVV, sLRiV᪫sVV. gRiVؼdRVRV NSsyRV ys F~NRPVssV @sV˳sLixmss[LRiRV.

sV˳ssVV '@'NTP sWRs[V LiRVsV. '@' @sgS gRiV᪫sVVV [syRV. @RRV '@sxqsWRV˳تssVV][' gRiWTsxmsoRV xmsLRixsVV ryOSQRLjiLiRVsV.

'xmsLRigRiV[xtsv ][uysxtsQLRiLic @xqsWRW.' gRiV᪫sVVsV RxtsQsVVgS ڿRV @xqsWRV. Dsj xmsLRixsVVNSgSc yss saRP*LRi\sVs gRiRVgS ڿRVc Ds]NRP[NSgSc yyR*sVVsV RLji+LiRVcgRiV᪫sVLiRV ][xtsQRLRi+ss[V NRPy!

NSgS, xmsLRixsVVsLiRV gRiy骫ss '@xqsWRV' @sRVsV. @j[NRPVLiRV '@sxqsWRWR*sVV'c @sgS xsVVsV xsVVgS RLji+LiRV.

@\V B ˳تssVV NRPy\sxmsoRVcA[RV\sVs [][c@sgS gRiVؼdR\sVsj ryOSQRLjiLiRVsV.

""@xLi} ¿[[*R ryOSQyLRiM xqs DR[''

cxmsRbdP.

ryOSQyLRisVsgS ys[ @j RVgRiV.

B ryRssWLRisVV¿[ @LiRVN]sRgjis xmsLRixsVVgS $ xqsybPs}LiR xqsLRixqs*RVyLRiVyLRis, @˳xqs\sLSgRisVV¿[yLjis @LiRVN]s sRV胫ss yRLRisVV,

B gRiVLRiV NRPLRiVFy

yLSճM R*QjNRP xtsQztsQxqsLiճMe

sLRisyճ LRi[RLi

sgRisV bPLRixqssQ ryLRi˳WyLRisVe 93

yee $gRiVLRiVso\s $xmsLRisVbPs[s xqsLRixqs*RV NRPLRiVNRPORPQsVV¿[ s[sV (xqsybPs[LiRxqsLRixqs*) DxmssxtsQy=LRi˳WR \sVs sVLRisVV dssRsVVgRic@sLiRsVV\s @LRiVsj lLiLiRV ALSsXRsVV][ zmss.

ssLRisVV:-

DxmssxtsQRV sss sVjLixmsgS ճLiRV ryLRidsV gRiLiRsVV[ sVsj. @sV¿[ DxmssxtsQRV xqssVNRPhRissVV¿[ ճLiRV xmsWssVV @NSRV\sVs C gRiLiRsVV NRPyss xmshjiLi F~LiRgRiLRisRVV, BjgRiLiRLRiRsVVNRPV RsWsNRP sVsRVV yRLRisVV.

ALSsXRsVV sWyRLiRsVV. [zqsFyRsVV RVLiRV 12sWR][ Bj sRRVsV.

C gRiLiRsVVsLiRsRVV ALSsXRsVV[.

gRijR sVR sWR sy

sxqs sVsVyxqsLRiLi xqsLRissVRMe

xmsLjiR xmsLSR sRM

xmsxmsR[ xqsxmsj xmsLRisWLRisVee 94

Fss[s sy*LixqsVU ARsysxqssVVsV xms jssVV @LRiLiRsxmsLRiV\ xmshjiLis][cysRVLiRV AR sR xmsLiNRPVsRV胫sV. ARsR xmsLjixmsNRP*RaRPNRPV ¿[LjisLiRs[cssVVxqs\sVssV AxqssVVLiRRV. xmsLRisWLRi sWRsNTP ճLiRVsV.

ssLRisVV:-

sy*LixqsVRV C gRiLiRsVVsV RVsoNRPV @jNSLji. @R\ssV kss sRsVV RVsoRVLiRsRVVsV. [NRPVs @j 'gRirys sVgRiVsV'.

GsVgRiV xqs*R郫sksVV[ aRPV˳sVVgRi ryssVV¿[zqs, INTP sLis[ RW[ F~LRiزRVsV. ryssVVss ճLi aRPV˳R ssy? [RV.

@[ C gRiLiRsVV NRPsWLRiV RVsgS sLis sxtsQRV xmsLSVsX c AyճsVV xmssXcFyxmsLiNRP sxtsQRVsVV¿[ sVLRi sWzqsFsosV. @LiRV¿[ kss sRsVV xmshjiLixmss ssyLRiV.

A FyhRisVVNRPWR ZNP[ssVV @ORPQL][yLRi᪫sVVNSRV, xqssVgRiLRi LiRssVV][ rygRisRVVsV. [NRPVs xmsWssVV sVVLiRRV.

C gRiLiR xmshjissVVsLik sRVsVsVVsV Li sLjis ysRVLiyR sR xmsLiNRPV sRV胫sV. @RU xmsoRdsV\|ms sVLRi ssRLjiLis $xqsybPs[sWgkisVQ\ sLSVsV.

xmsLRisVbPs[s $gRiVLRiV

bP}tsQ[RLi xqsybPs[s[e

LRi[RV sWRsy

sxqsydsV NRPXM xmspLSee 95

yee $ xmsLRisVbPs[LiRxqsLRixqs*RV bPxtsvRV xqsybPs[LiRVRV CsRsVVgS LRiLis 'ARsysxqssVV' @s gRiLiRsVV xqssWxmsQ\sVsj. xmspLRiQ\sVsj.

ssLRisVV:-

"xqsLiryLRisVs xqsVTgRiVLiRsVVs NTP DNTPLji NTPLji RVgRiVRVs J [NRPsW! ds RVMsVV ]gRiVNRPV, ds sFyLSsLiRyLSbP[ [زRVNRPV Rgjis sWLRisVV zmss, y ¿xmsV xmspLRiQ\sVsj.

C sWLRisVVsV @sVxqsLjiLi ZaP[RVsVVLiRV dssLiRV dssLiRV xmss sLis[ ALRiLiճLixmsosVV'. c@s Dxms[aRPsVV.

xmsLRisVxLixqs xmsLjiyNSyLRiVV

$ xmsLRisVbPs[LiR xmspFyRV bPxtsvV

@LiVVs, $ xqsybPs}LiRVV

LRiLis ARsRRWsxqssVV

xqsLixmspLRisVV.

-: aRPV˳Li ˳WRW`:-

$ xqsybPs}LiRVyLji @xmspLRi*gRiLiRsVVV

1, bPssWsxqs xmspxqsVM @\Q*RyLSs,

@\Q*RgkiyV (yRLRicssLRisVV][) 10c00

2. ARsysxqssVV (yRLRisVV ssLRisVV][) 15c00

3. xxqsWRsX (aRPLiNRPLRiV ˳xtsQsVVsNRPVsX)

4. WgRixqsVyNRPLRisVV(FyRLi WgRixqsWRsVVNRPV ssLRi᪫sVV)

5. y*Ra][xmssxtsQkzmsNRP

6. @\Q*R LRixqssVLiLji

7. sssV᪫sW

8. AysVxqsLiyssVV

9. xqs*FjRLi

10. ry*sV˳W xmsNSbPNRP

11. $ROTPQتsVWLji rRLi

12. sV[sRVsVssVV

13. ssLRiRsW (sssLRiLRiRsW)

14. zqsyLiRNRPscZNP[xqsLRisd yssVV

15. xxqsWRxmsNSbPNRP

16. xqsWRxqsLizRxqsLigRixsVV

17. sVdsuyxmsLiRNRPsVVcyRLRikzmsNRP yssVV

18. xqsybPs}LiRV RLjiR

C gRiLiRsVV sRVV ALiysVyRsVV][ NRPsVLigS sVsRVsV.

....................................................................................................................................

ry R s gRiLi R sVLi R c y .

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