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Sri Tripurarahasya Gnanakandasaaramu    Chapters   

$ xmsoLSLRixxqs

؃sLiRryLRisVV

(zmsRV yxqszRsVV)

LRiRs:

$ FWLji xsVsV؃sNUPLSsVaRPLRi

xmsNSaRPNRPVV:

$ LRisV aRPsVsVV,

LRiVsتsV\.

xmsRsV sVVR᪫sVV: 1000 xmsRVV

12c2c1983

s : 20c00

sVVR :

xLRiy`|msqs, sWLRiV.

 

JsV.

$xqsRVLRiV aRP+LRi᪱sV

xmsoLSLRixxqs ؃sLiRryLRisVV\|ms

"x syLiNSLRi"

x$ sVVjg]LiR s[LiNRPLSsVaSzqsQgSLji RVճFyRVsVV

$ xmsoLSLRixxqs؃sLiRryLRi sVsVgRiLiRsVV sWLRiV[s "$ LRisVxqsR=LigRixqsLixqs" yLji N][LjiNRP ssVxqsLjiLi sWLRiV[s "$sVRssWxs sWdsRVryzRsVLiR RVRQORPVV" x$ FWLji xsVsV؃sNUP LSsVaRPLRigSLji¿[ LRiLiVVLixmsT c342c }ms[ RNRPgS sVVjLixmsT RVVsj.

C gRiLiRsVV\|ms yRVճFyRVsVVsV Vxmso sVs \|msxqsR=LigRixqsLixqsyLRiV, gRiLiRNRPLRi gSLRiV N][LjiRVVLiRV¿[ $xqsRVLRi*sVgRixsVVs RVysV y˳تssVV sLiRV VxmsoRVLis.

$ xmsLRiaRPVLSsVRy[RV xqsLiyyRNRPsVVgS FyLRiLiճLixmsT LjiyRVsVs¿[ c22c @yRVsVV][ LRiLixmsTs aSNSQ\Q*RsVxmsLiRsVgRiV ds xmsoLSLRixxqs؃sLiRsVVsNRPV xqsLixqsQXyLiRsVV[ sVsV˳تso s[NRPVs[NRP yssVV sLji RVVLiTLji @LiRV:-

(1) $syxqsVRsLRiR yRLRikzmsNS xqsLixqsQXRy NSbdP[ 1927,28,33 xqsLisR=LRisVV[ sVVjR\sVsj.

(2) $ sVLiy OUPQQsLRizqsLixsVVgSLji¿[ @\Q*RxqsVyryLRi sVsV yLiRy][ @sVxmsoLRisVV[ 1923 xqsLisR=LRisVV[ sVVjR\sVsj.

(3) $@LiNRPLS xqsL][ds[sgSLji¿[ $ sVWWLji xqsVx aSzqsQgSLji xmsoLSLRixxqsxmssRssVV LiR˳xtsQ[ sLRiRsVV\ 1969 xqsLisR=LRisVV[ N]WLRiV[ sVVjRsVV\ss.

(4) $ yLRiV ygRiyLRiV¿[ yLiRxmsRxmsLiRsVVgS sLRiR\sV RWLRiV[ 1970 xqsLisR=LRisVV[ sVVjR\sVsj.

BLiR lLiLiRL][ sVsV˳تso d xmsoLSLRixxqs ؃sLiRsVVsNRPV y sLji胫ssV sVs xsVsV؃sNUPLSsVaRPLRigS L]sLji胫s ""xmsoLS LRixxqs؃sLiRryLRisVV'' xqsVR xqsLRiLiR˳xtsQ[ sRLiR xqsV˳ssLRi sVV][ szqsVRVLiRV¿[ sRVj ALiRxmsLiTRFysVLRi xqsVsV[sV[xLRisVVgRi sVsRsV @aRPWNTP NSs[LRiRV. sVRVV ds gRiLiRsVV[ sRR ""zmsRV'' @sT (15) bdPL<jiNRP][ $ aRPLRigSLRiV RRRyRV zmsLiUNRPXR ry*ճFyRVsVVsV ssLjiLiRV NRPRVLigRiRV sVVysxsVVgRi sVsj. sVRVV sVsaRPLRigS LkigRiLiRsVV[ xmsxqsLigRisaRPsVVs ss[NRP \sjNRPRLRi xqsWORPQQsVV Lji. RWRVRVc

(1) gRiVLRiVsgRiVORPQQRVVsNRPV bPxtsv RgRiV xVRV ssVxqsLjiLiRLSRV (338c1)

(2) ssVNRPVRV xqsLRi*aSxqsQ\ RVVLiRs ss[sRV [RV.

(337c18)

(3) FyLRisVxLixqsxqsyxqssVV[ xVsNRPV sWRs[V @jNSLRisVV

(256c22)

Byj RLRixqsWORPQQsVVV ss[ sVsaRPLRigSLRiV zmsLji.

BNRP dsxmsoLSLRixxqs؃sLiRsVVsV yLRi+sNRPRXztsQ][ xmsLjibdPLis][ sLiRRV\Q*RsVV xmsRճصRLRi+ysVsWLiVV aSNSQ\Q*RRLRi+ss[V RVgRiVgSs RVVRLRidsVsWLiryRLRi+ysVRWLiVV s[yLiy\Q*RsVV NSs[LRiRV. @sVNRPV NSLRi s[VsVsgS c

a][ee LRiWxmsLi xqs* sWysLi ˳R*Li ¿[R sLjiRLi e

yzqs ¿[RNRPLi [ LRis` RLRixmsLis` ee

CsRsVgRiV xmsoLSLRixryLiRLRiR }sV[[FyssVV[s 4 @yRVsVV 99 a][NRPsVVVVNRP yssVV[ c

"@[R sWgRisVRRQ*Li c lLi[ yRRRQ*Li....Ry=Q*RLi

RQaRPNSQcsWRWճRRW...\Q*RLi RXaRPLi. s dLiNRPVLRi

s`...yzms sVXLiRxmsLjiتsVxmnsVs` ...yzms LRi*Li xqsLRi

Bs ssLjiRsV ... @][ RLRi\s LRiaRPNSQ @sNRPX[ xqs*

zqss xmsLiتs˳xqss`....¿[ys˳xqssLi ...GR j*xqs LRiM

xmsRճص_ RxtsQ誫sM ee

C sRsVVgS ""@[RsWgRiRRQ*Li'' @s FyLRiLiճLi, KxmssxtsQRsVgRiV j*sLRizqsyLiRsVVsV sLSNRPLjiLi, xmsRճصRLRi+s xqssVRsVgRiV ry*RLiRQ sxqsszqsyLiRs[V RLRi xmsLiRXuyLiRsVV][ xmsoLSLRixryճ}msRsVs $syxqsRV R ssLjiLiRV[ gSNRP RRWLRi*sVVc

a][ee "" lLi[s sVxqsy rysW xmsLRis[VaRP*Lki'' @sT 91s a][NRP y[.c

""NSLRi} RVLi s[yLis AxM''

@s s[yLiRzqsyLiR dsV xmsoLSLRixxqssVVsNRPV xmsxmsORPQyRsVVgS sLRiWzmsLiLji. gRisVNRP sj xmsRճصRLRi+ysVRWLiVV aSNSQ\Q*Rs[V RVgRiVRVsj.

H[ LiVW xmsRճصRLRi+ssVV[ s[yLiRRLRi+s ssVLRi+dsRWLiaRPsVV s*? RVss][ jRsVVgRi Rc

"" xqs=Q*RLiy saRP*xqsXztsQ }RVM'' (xmsRcRcxqsWc1)

""}qs*RRW xqs*ճf R sVVdsRV'' (xmsRcRcxqsWc2)

C xmsRճصRLRi+sxqsWRsVV ssVxqsLjiLi }qs*ygRi

RVV lLiLiRW RճssVV\ssV }qs*R gRiyLRi᪫sVgRiVss }qs*ygRiRVNRPV xmsLRixqsLRi˳[RsVVV c sXORPQsVVsNRPV ry*ssxmsRxmsouyj˳[RsVVs NTP xqs*gRiR ˳[RsVV[ gRisVNRP sNTP sXOSQRVNRPVs xqs*gRiR˳[RNRPXysRR*sVV RxmsRV. B[c14,15,16 xmsRճصRLRi+sxqsWRsVV ssVxqsLjiLi aSNSQ\Q*RsVV[ \ZNP ssVVNTP ճLiRRV Byj ssVLRi+dsRWLiaRPsVV @xqskRVsVgRiV ""s[yLiRxqsLRi*xqs*sVV'' [ (309,315 }ms[) sV, xmsoLSLRixxqsLRixxqssVV [sV ssXRsVV\ RVVss.

H[ LiVW xmsRճصRLRi+ssVV sVVsVVORPVso NRP}msOTPQRsVV NSy? RVss][ @ sLSRV. s[yLiRRLRi+ssVV[ xqsLRi*RLRi+srysVLRixqssVV NRPRV. gRisVNRP aSNSQ\Q*RRLRi+ysVRWRVV NRPLSLi][FyxqsyLiyjgRisWsLiRLRi dsV؃sLiRsVV[ NRPT \¿QRsbPuy\Q*R s؃sNRPXR dssVVsVVORPQ][ s[yLiRRLRi+[NRPsVgRiV j*sLRi yRxqs NRPVsV. @xmsoRVc

""s sL][][ s ][RNRPM s ][s R ryRNRPM e

s sVVsVVORPV LRi \ssVVNRP B[uy xmsLRisWLRiy ee''

@sT c(20) @sVXRLiRV, (76)AR. (79 )@sRWR, (80) xmsoLSyzmssVxmssxtsQRRVxtsQWNTPNTP @sVyyRNRPsVgRiV (2c32) sWLiRWNRPg_RFyR NSLjiN][NRP \sVs @ػysVXy\Q*Rs[yLiRxmsLRisWLRisV˳W][ \ZNPssVVNTP rysWxms˳RV gRiVRVLRiV. gRisVNRP dsaSNSQ\Q*R xmsFyRNRP xmsoLSLRixxqs ؃sLiRsVV gRiWR RyLRigSsVVNRPV sLRiVNRPLkigS sVx[xmsNSLRiNRP sVgRiVssV[ sVsWRsVV xqsLiaRPLiVVLixms s[RV.

@gRiVsss[ sLRiVNRP aSNSQ\Q*R s[yLiy\Q*R RLRi+sR*RVryLS ճgRiV sVsxsVsV؃sNUPLSsVaRPLRigSLRiV RVRVj zmsRV[c

""CaRPNTP Rsry*RLiRQsVV¿[ xqsXztsQ¿[RVVNRPV DsVVLSV

NSgSs[ BR NRPlgisV @s RRgRiVLRiVso ¿|mssV'' (339c10)

@sRVV,

""lLiLiRssxqsVso [NRPVLiR x sVVNRP[V sVVR Dsj.'' @s s[RsVV gRiWR

¿xmsVRVsj'' (339c13)

@sRVV RLRi+sR*RVrysVLRixqssVVsV xqsWLi

""ysV sWLRiV LiRNRP RsRVLiRV gRiRVsV ˳zqsLixmsLi[RVV

RVs ARVVNRP aRPNTP򹸅[V ysry*RLiRQsVV. gRiRV

¿[R FsxmsVRVsV N]Li¿sV gRiWR xms˳؄sRsVV gSNRPVLi

RV[VcARry*LiRQsVV. @j[V xmsoLRi, xmso

LRi[V c{Li'' (340c19)

@s xmsxqsVRsVgRiV aSNSQ\Q*RzqsyLiRsVV][, {NSLSRNRPaSNRP xms᪫s sVLigRiLiRsVV][ ds xmsoLSLRixxqs؃sLiRryLSLiaRPsVVsV RNRPgS xqsLixmspLRisVVsLjiLji.

NRPsVNRP s xqsRLiRxmsRVsFy=xNRPVV, sxqsRLiRxms[RV, s xqsRLiRFyhRiNRPVV $xmsoLS[sRVsV gRixsVVs xqsLRi*ZaP[RVxqsV= LiRgRiLRis yRVճFyRVsVVsV Fy=xsVVgRi sVsLjiLiRVRVyR.

JLiNSLRisVLijLSyzqs

xmsxqsVRsVV

˳gRisgRiLRisyzqs

j27c10c1982

BV

xqsLRi*ZaP[WճztsQ

sVVjg]LiR s[LiNRPLSsVaSzqsQ

$RVLiRVճ sRVRaRPsV

 

$

$ LRisV xqsLRi᪫sVV

@LRiVjRLkiyxqsLi NRPLRiVتsVRVsgRixLi

RLRiVصjRxqsLiNSaRPLi LRisVLi gRiVLRiV sWaRP[V ee

1. @LRiVؿR[aRPyry RLRiVؿRysV ˳LRi[ yxmsLi e

LRisV᪫sVxL<jisyry RRVy LiyLiRlLi[xtsv R yxmsLiee

2. @LRiVؿR[aRPRLRiLiVR*RVxqsLRiصjLRiWRNRPsyLRi[sVVsM e

aRPLRigRiyLji xLRi[7zms ROTPQ[ LRisVaRPNSzqs NRPLRiVLRir*M ee

3. ¿[RM $LRisVLi LRiLiRsgjiLSLi gRiVLi\˳ LRigRisVLi s˳VLi

bP\|tsQ#LSaRPsVyzqsճ LRiVsgRi\ LS}qsssWsLi xqsye

AsLiysVXRzqsLiRVdssR\V LSLi][RLi xmsLiRRLi

xqsLiLi yLRiV\ZaPyxqsLRizqsNRPLi ˳NSQ NRPXyLki ˳see

4. y[V RyxqssxqsLi xmssVVjRsRsLi ROTPQ᪫sVWLji LRiWxmsLi.

N_{msyLiNRPXyLigRiLi xXj NTPsVzms sVx xqs=LiRRLi LiRRV RLie

˳ry }qs*Q\ss ˳LiRLi gRiVLRiVNRPLRiVRXaRPLi ryRVxqsLi }qssyLizmnsVLi

xqsLRi*ZaP[WxmsysLi LRisV᪫sVVssLRiLi a][\ZaP[aRPLRiWxmsLi ee

5. FyR xqsLS sVLRiV\ZaPsRLiks

RVaRPs[V LRiVLRisVLiRslLi[ aRPRWsLi e

FyyLRiNSsXRRsVLisVVNRPVdNRPXyORPQ

sVLiRLRiVLi LRisV sWRxqssWjdsLi. ee

6. @LRiVgjiLji sVV}msRLi xqsysLiRsVWLjiLi

LRisV B sXjyLi saRPVRLi ؃sxqsWLRiLi e

gRixsxXRRVsyLi dRW [RRVLiRLi

xqsRR sVx sVs[VRVLi xqsRVLRiLi xqsLixqsLSsV ee

 

7. aRPLRigRiR˳LRiصRLRi sVLRiVؿRyxqsLi

RLRiVLRiVNTPLRiتsRVxmsLiTR˳xqsLie

˳srygRiLRiRLRiتsxRLRiLiVFRLi

xms᪫sW sVx sVxqsNRPX RVs LRisVx*RV s[VRLiee

8. #9; sLi[ $LRisVLi xmssRxXRRVLi xtsQR*LRisR*LizqssLi

s[RLi WgRisaSLRi\M xmsjsLi sLiRLi xqsy sWs\sM e

RVLSdRxmsyzqsRLi xqsNRPLRiVLi kFygjiQQ\ZaP zqsRLi.

sVyLiRLRixmsoFyNRPsaRPRM FyxmsLi xms˳VLi xqsRVLRiVLi ee

9. a][kaRP*LRixqsLiRLSRV RWsVs[ sWRWgRiX{yRs[

ry*yryRV NRPXFyLRiryLRiQsVs}qs aSLiyRV xqsyQQzqss[e

sVgSyLi ˳srygRilLi[ ˳Vs sX sWsLiR sVVR=LRi[

R\|qs# $LRisVظRV [RgRiVLRis[ Rs zqsQxqsLiRLi ssVM ee

10. @LiR LRi aRP z Lji*RWRsVLRiLi [LRiRVLi aSaRP*RLi

rysLi Fyxms sLS[ sssVy sV؃s sVVsWRVse

xmsaRP s*aRP* sV {msR sVVxms W saRP*xqs FylLi[ xmsLRiM

R\|qs# $LRisVظRV [NRPgRiVLRis[ a][NRPxqs xLi[ ssVM

JLi R` xqs`.

xqsLRi*Li $ LRisVLRi᪫sVxqsV.

 

xmsoLSLRixxqs؃sLiRryLRisVV

˳WsVNRP

xmspLRi*sVV xqsLRixqs*dskdLRisVVs xqsVsVLiRVRsV xVRV ˳LS xqszRV\ szqsLiRVRVLisV. @RRV RVLSxmsp[FyxqsyxmsLSRVVRV. ˳LRisV }msLRiV][ zmsVsLSRsV s}tsQRsVVLiRVss, @RRV ˳LRisV "@LiVV" @s zmsVRVRVLiTyRV. yLji N]NRP NRPVsWLRiVRV NRPlgisV. ys }msLRiV @LRiV䆲RV. yRVsV Rs ""H'' ""H'' @s zmsVRVRVLiTyRV. A VsNRPV xmspLRi*NRPLRisaRPsVVs @LiVV[LiRZNP[ |msRV ¿[|qssV. Ayj¿[R AVRV صR xmsRVRV Rs ""H'' ""H'' @s sLRiLiRLRisVV xqsLjiLiRVRV sVLRiLi¿sV.

@RRV zmssV LjiyRVssaRPsVVs sLi xqsVs[VRVRV @sV }msLRiV][ szqssV. @RRV ˳gRisLiRV\s xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVs [Lji }qssLiRVRV INRPyTV @TlgisV "˳gRiysVy! xqsLiryLRiyxmssVV¿[R RxmsoQ\ ksV\RVVs sWssoV sVVRVgS sNRPV xmsLRisVZaP[RVxqsV=sV NRPgjiLiRVNRPV ZaP[xtsQ\sVs ryRs s[VsV? @j s[sV ssRgjis\s][ ¿xmsVsVV.'' @xmsVyRVs Vsso*][ ""NSNRPsVsVVs ¿|msRsV sVV'' @s @ssV. RLRiVyR xmsRVyVsR=LRisVVV gRiR¿sV. zmssV xqsVs[VRVRV ssVNRP ysV @TgjissxtsQRVsVVsV zmsNTP yss ¿xmsVsVs xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVs FyLjiLi¿sV. @xmsVRV ARVs RsNRPV RRgRiVLRiVso ¿xmsssxtsQRVsVVsV xqsLjiLi¿sV. xmsoLS[sVVNRPLRixxqssVVsV bPsoRV sxtsvsosNRPV Dxms[bPLi¿sV. sxtsv[soRV RsRVLiaRPsVVs sLisRy[RVVsNRPV yss [jLi¿sV. RRgRiVLRiVso yss ˳LRisosNRPV Dxms[bPLiRVRV, "kss BRLRiVNRPV [jLixmsNRPVsVV, LjiyRVsV\s xqsVs[VRVRV ˳NTP][ bPxtsvQ\ ssV }qssLiRVsV. @RRV kss dsss ss gRiLiRsVVgS LRiLiRVsV'' @s ¿|mssV. A sxtsQRVsVVsV xqsLjiLi xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVRV xqsVs[VRVs RW, ""sy=! xqsLRi*sVV NSsaRPsVVs NRPVgRiVRVLiRVsV lLi[xmso xmsoxtsQsORPQQRsVVs AsxtsQRVsVVsV [jLiRVNRPV DxmsNRPsVLiRVsV'' @s ¿|mssV.

zmssV yLRiV ryRVLiNSsVVs xqsLiyNSxmssVVsV gSsLi ry*RaRPNTPs ysLiRVRV LS xqsVsVVgS sjLiLji. sVVyRV DRRVsVV xqsVs[VRVRV aRPV˳sVVxLRisVVs Az񦦦NRPsRVsV sLRi*QQLjiLi xqsV{qssV\ RVVs gRiVLRiVsosV ¿[Lji ryuyLigRiRLiRxmsتsVsVV gSsLi [ @Li gSsLi sssVV\ sRVVLisV. xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVRV FsRVsVs }sV{mshRisVV\|ms xmsoxtsQsVVsV ][zqs][ sVLi $xmsoLRixqsVLiRLjiVVNRP sVWRVsRsVVVgS sVs LRiWxmssVVsV sVLiRRLiRRLSNRPsVsVVsV sVVyRVV AyLRiNRPsVsVV sVVRgRiVss RVsRVV xqsVs[VRVsNRPV Dxms[bPLi, ""sy=! Bj xmsLRisV xsVV. kss gRiV¿[RVNRP ryjLixmsosVV zmssV dsNRPV R*LRi[s[ xmspLRixmsRsVV xqsLilgiRsV'' @s ¿|mssV. @LiR LjiyRVsVRV ARVsNRPV sVWRVxmsLSRVsVVV xmsROTPQ᪫sVV gSsLi ssVxqsLjiLi |qsso\lgiN]s $\ZaPsVVsNRPV FVsV.

$\ZaPsVVsLiRV xqsVs[VRVRV ˳sVLSLiخ[sVVNRP xqssjRVLiRV RNRPsNRPVLRisVVsV sLjiLiRVN]s @LiRV xmnssVV[ ALRisVVgS BLijRVsVVsV sVsxqsV=sV sRVsVLiRVN]s sVVR ]sVjsV RLRiVyR @LiVVRVsV zmsRxms sVWRVsV ˳NTP aRPR][ gRiVLRiVso ¿zmssVgS $LiNRPsV ysLiRVRVLisV. zmssV INRPyRV LS xqs*xmssVVsLiRV @ORPQsWxmsoxqsNS˳RV sLRiRFy\V yVgRiV ˳VsVV][ sVWRVs[RsVV][ RLiRNRP؄szqsR\sVs sVVNRPVsVV][ xmsj[VLiRVsRVxqsV=gRi NRPVsWLkiLRiWxmssVVs sVrLiRLRisVV][ $LiNRP ryOSQRLjiLi¿sV. xqs*xmssVVsLi[ LjiyRVsVRV AsVNRPV ryuyLigRiRLiRxmsتsVsVV gSsLi [ @LiLi syLRixmsRsV[xLRi\sV RLi][R\sVs rRsVV][ AsVsV xqsVLi AsLiRFyLRisaRPsVVs NRPsVV @aRPVso][ sLiRgS GsVRVV sWزR[NRP RWR[NRP ELRiNRP sRVVLisV. xmsLRis[VaRP*Lji ""sy='' @s sVRVLRisVVgS zms yssVWLRisVVsLiRV xxqssVV sVLi¿sV. A NRPLRixqsLRi+¿[R @RRV sLiRsVRVVRVsV. @xmsVysV[s, ""sy=! dsso N][Ljiszqsj ճLisj. BLiNRP gRiVLRiVsoRNRPV F~sVV. gRiV}qsRVNRPVsVV'' @s xmsNTP @LiRLSssVV LisV.

xqsVs[VRVRV sLis[ s[Vs ""Bj [VsV'' @s xqs*xmssVVsVgRiWLji sWsWNTP A[LiRVRV xmsLRisVxqsVLiRLRi\sVs RW[dssVWLjis @sVXRsVV sLi AsVsWsV xqsLjiLiRVRV s[RVgRiV¿[ ryssVVsLjiLiRV\ZNP sjVVRNRPV FVsV. @NRPR NRPWR A xqs*xmssXyLiRsVVs[ RLiRVRV Az񦦦NRPNTPRVsV NRPWR sV @RRV BV LiLixms¿胫sV. ""Bj xqsRsW @xqsRsW RVV [RV. gRiLRiVsoRNRPVFLiVV kssgRiWLji GsV ¿xmsVRVsV? xqs*xmssVV ˳LiLRiWxmssVV. NSsos yss VjsVLiRVV saRP*zqsLixmsLRiV. NSs gRikaRP*Lji[V ryOSQRLjiLi ¿zmsssWRVLiRV aRPR szLixmsNRP VR\s gRiVLRiVsoRNRPV FsV FNRPVLiRVsV? @x[! NSgRi FsLiR sxtsQsVsVVgS sVsj? FsLiVVssV AsV xqs*xmssVLiRV NSNRP gRiRaRPRVLi[ xmsRQORPQsVgRiVsNRPV BRs[ RxmsxqsV= ¿[RVVRV sVLiRVsV.CsxtsQRVsVVs A[s ssV ORPQsVLiRVsVgSNRP'' BV @RRV saRPLiVVLiRVN]sLiRs[, ""sy=! AsRssVVsLiRV @saS*xqssVVsV sRVsosVV, A sW @xqsRsVVNSRV.ss[V'' @s sVRVLRisVVgS AaRP LkiLRiy ssLi¿sV. @RRV AaRPLRisVV][ @sQQ\sxmsosV RW¿sV. Fss*LRiVsV @RsNTP NRPsLixms[RV. AsWV ANSaRPsVVsVLiT ssLi¿ ss gRizLi @RRV ˳NTP][ [s sV[bPLi ryuyLigRisVVgRi xmssV [ xmsxqssRVQ\ gRiVLRiVsoRNRPV RVV[lLisV.

xqsVs[VRVRV sVRVxmsLRi*RsVVs NRPLjigji xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVs xqsLiRLji+Li FyyճsLiRssVV gSsLi Ljigjis sXyLiRsVVsV ¿|mssV. ARVs sVgRiV xqsLi][ztsQLi, ""sy=! A xmsoLS[s dsVR xmsxqssVLS\ xqs*xmssVVs RLRi+s sVVxqsLigjisj. dsso RsVRso. @NRPR LjigjissXyLiR sVLiRRVV s[sV WgRiRXztsQ][ RWs. BLiNRP dsso ؃sxqsLixmssVRso NSgRiso'' @s ¿zms VVNRPaRPV˳xqssVRVsVVs ryLig][FyLigRisVVgRi xqsVs[VRVsNRPV $sRsV Dxms[bPLi kORPQ xqsLilgisV. zmssV bPsFNRPQ\sVsj, ˳gRisLiRV\s Ry[RVVsss ysV ssj, RLiRryLRisVV, BxqssVV[ ZaP[xtsQ\sVsjRVVsgRiV xmsoLS LRixxqssVVsV Dxms[bPLi¿sV. zmsRxms xqsVs[VRVs][ ARVs BV ¿|mssV. ""sy=! kss xmsRVRxmspLRi*NRPsVVgS LRixxqssVVgS sVLi LRiOTPQLixmsosVV. gRiVLRiV[so RW¿[ s[sV dsNRPV ks xqsLigRis. yzqsNRPVVVR ˳NTP {sVVVR kss gRiWLji xmsxqsLigjiLixmsNRPVsVV. xmsoLSsV}aRP*Ljis ALSjLi AsV RVsVgRixsVVsV F~Lij kss gRiLiRsVVgS LRiLi @L>RiV\s bPxtsvNRPV @LijLixmsosVV. sW gRiVLRiV[soRW BVsj. @j @xqsRsVV NSRV.''

@LiR xqsVs[VRVRV ˳LRisosNRPV xmssV AbdPxqsV=sV F~Lij ARVsNRPV xmsROTPQ᪫sVV NSsLi @sVLiT RVV [Lji $xqsVLiRlLi[aRP*LRiVs xmsQQ\Vs dsVyOUPQ[s szqsRVVs xqsxmsoLRisVVs ZNP[lgisV. @R @RRV s[gRisdskxqsdsVxmssVVs xqsVsLRixmsjdsdLRisVVsLiRV RVsVsVV][ sRVsVsVV][ $xmsoLSsV}aRP*Ljis ysLiRVRV g]xmsRxmsxqsV=sV ¿[RV¿胫sV. @V @LiVVRV xqsLisR=LRisVVV gRiR¿sV. zmssV INRPyRV @RRV yssxtsv\ RVVLiRgS RsVVsLiRV sVLigRixmsRV\s VVNRPsVxmsoLRiVxtsvRV N][RLjiLi¿sV. ARVs aRPLkiLRisVVsLiR ˳xqssVV RLjiLi NRPLRiWLRisVVs gS xmsNSbPLiRVRV RV NRP y\ dsძsV yLiVVLiRVRVLisV. ""Bj[VsV?'' @s AaRPLRisVV][ NRPsVV FsRV ryOSQRLjiLiRVVs yLRiRsVxL<jis RW szqsRV\ [ AxqsssVV xqsLigji xmssV NRPXyLi\V xqsLi][xtsQsVV][ sssV. ""[sL<ki! dsNRPV ry*gRiRsVV, s[sV yszqsRVR\s FsRV sVsssV gRisVsLixms\ss, y RVxmsLSRsVVsV sVsLixmsosVV. xqsRVLRiVxtsv][ xqssWgRisVsVV g]xmsRV˳VRRVsVVsV NRPgjiLiRVsV. dsso yRVLiRV @sVgRixsVVsV RWxmsoss s[sV NRPXyLRiVR \ss. dsRLRi+ssVV¿[Rs[ y N][LjiNRP sRVV dLjiss. @LiVVssV INRP xqsLi[xsVV dLRiNRPVsj. sVxms sRVVsdsso sVsxqsV=[xms y ZNPV NRPsLis? Bj FsV Ljigjis][ yNRPV RRV][ ¿xmsVsVV''

yLRiRsVxL<ji xmsNRPxmsNRP sso*RV BssV. ""dsso xqsVs[VRVRso, sy*LixqsVRso, GsV xmsaRP LiVVj? [xms GsV? sVxms GsV? [sNTP Gj sVxms sVsj? [sNTP Gj [xms sVsj? BLiR s aRPLkiLRisVVsNRPV [xms ssV RWs? @xmsVRV RWRVRVs ds sNRPR sVLis? sVxms \sssV dsso ssV RWs? RORPQLjiLijRVsVV [xsVVss[ RsVV. @j NRPRRV @j sVxmsNTP s [s\sssV FsVRWRgRiRV? dsso ssV [xms RWs s[sV? sVxms RWs s[sV? C xmsaRPss dsZNP[sV ˳sVV? xmsxqsVR sxtsQRVsVVsV ssVsVV. s[ sxmsVRV x[NRPsVVsVLiT ssV RWRVNRPV s輽s. xxqs˳RVLiRV FsLRiV ssVRVLiRgS sWLRiLi[RV sVxL<ji xmsLRis[VztsQNTP xmssV BV @TlgisV. ""˳gRiysVy! dsso xqsLRi*[NRPsVVNRPV NRPLRiso. NSsos dsNRPV RVsj GjRVV sVLiRRV. s[sV dsRRVsss[ CaRP*LRiVs ALSjLi sVXRVsosV LiVVLi LRiLis \ss. s[sV xqsNRPaSxqsQsVVsV BxqssVVsV AgRisVsVVsV xmsoLS᪫sVVsV RWs. @sLi[ ryLRi\sVs [][saRPLiVVLi ¿xmsVsVV. Bj yNRPV |msR xqsLi[xsVVgS Dsj. s[sV C sxtsQRVsVVsV [sRsV VVxtsvsV zqsRWgRiVsV FsLiRsVLij[ @Tgjis. yLRiLiRVsV RsVNRPV BxtsQ\sVsyss ˳NTP aRPyxmsLRisaRPV\ ¿xmsVRVLiTLji. NSs yLRiV xqsLRi*sVV sLigjisyLRiV NSLRiV. sV dsso [NRPNRPLRiso xqsLRi*نRso. NSsos xqsNRPs؃ssVVsNRPV ryLRi s[V][ ¿xmsVsVV.''

sWLRiLi[RVVs sWss xmsLRis[VztsQNTP xmsoLS[s xqsQXNTP s¿胫sV. sLis[ ARVs [ @xmsLSaRPNTP sV[bPLi ryuyLigRixmsتsVsVV gSsLi sWLRiLi[RVVs][ BssV. "sy=! s[sV ¿xmsVyss aRPR][ ssVsVV. Cxqs˳xqsRV LiRVsV sLiRVLRiV gSNRP! FssLjiNTP CsxtsQRVsVVs aRPR NRPVgRi][ yLRiV C[NRPsVVs sVsLRiV. xqsNRP gRiRVNRPV NSLRi᪫sVV xmsoLSsV}aRP*Lji. AsV xqsNRP gRiRVNRPV ARQ\Vs yzmsLiRVVsj. AxmsLSaRPNTP VVNRP AjsVyLiRsVVsV s[s[ NSRV sxtsvso sV}aRP*sLRiVRV NRPWR sVLigRiLRiV. s[VsVV sVVso*LRisVV AsVFyRxmsRsVVRVLiR lLi[VsosVV. AsV xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsvLSV. AsVVVNRP sVWLji򹸅[V xqsLRi*[sysVWLRiV[ @gRigRisVV AsVsV gRiWLji [jLiRVzqsyLiRs[V xqsLRi*s؃ssVVsNRPVryLRisVV. A xmsoLS[sVVNRP LRixxqssVVsV bPsoRV sxtsvsosNRPV Dxms[bPLi¿sV. sxtsv[sosss s[sV F~Lijs sxtsv[soRV RsRVLiaRPss sVsVxtsQ[NRPsVVs DRsLis Ry[RVVsNRPV A s؃ssVVsV @LijLi¿sV. @RRV yss ˳LRisLSsVVsNRPV Dxms[bPLi¿[sV.˳LRisoRVsV gRiVLRiVsoVVNRP A¿[R xqsVs[VRVRsV bPxtsvsNRPV [jLi¿sV. xqsVs[VRVRV A s؃ssVVsV gRiLiRsVVgS LRiLixmsg][LRiVRV BxmsVRV xqsQZOP[QQRsVVs xmsoLS[ss ALSLijLiRVRVyRV' ARVs BV ¿zmssLiRs[ ssV RWRsRVV ss NRPVRWxsVV][ RVV[Lji s輽s. s[sV BRNTP sRVNRPVgRi NSLRi᪫sVVsV ¿zmss. BLiNRP RLRiVyR Ljigjisyss [y LRiVgRiVszqsRVVsyss dsso ¿xmsVsVV.''

yLRiRVssWsV ss xqsVs[VRVRV GsV ¿xmsVNRPVsV ][RNRP zqsgRiVxmsT BssV. ""sVxL<ki! dsNRPV s[s[sVRVV xqssWyssVV ¿xms[NRPVysV. BLiNRP LRiVgRiszqss [jW dss[ ¿xmsVsVV. gRiLiRsVV LRiLixmso sVs yNRPV gRiVLRiVsLRiVRV A VVxqsLigjissW ss[V ARVs ¿xmsVRVsxmsVRV xmsoLSLRixxqssVV @LiRRVV aRPR][ sLis. NSs sVLiRVj sgRiV¿[R @LiRRVV sVs. ˳gRiysVy dsso ssV NRPLRiVLixmsosVV.'' BV xmsVNRPVRV xqsVs[VRVRV AsVxL<jiNTP ryuyLigRi xmsتsVsVV gSsLi¿sV. yLRiRsVxL<ji y}qsxmso A[Li x[sos xqsLjiLi¿sV xmsLRis[VztsQ sLis[ @R xmsRQORPQsVVsV. yLjiLRiVsoLRiVsV xqsLi˳sVLiRVRV [ ryuyLigRixmsتsVsVVV gSsLi @LRiQsVV AxqsssVV xqsLigji xmspLi sssVV\ sRVVLiTLji. ARVs yLRiRVs\sxmso RW, ""sy=! ss[ xqsLjiLis? GsV NSsRVV[ ¿xmsVsVV'' @s RVTlgisV. yLRiRVRV BssV. ""˳gRiysVy! dsso sWLRiLi[RVVs][ ¿zmss sWsV xmsoLSLRixxqsgRiLiRsVVsNRPV NRPs\Vs LiVWxqsVs[VRVs RWRV\ZNP s輽s. dssWss BRRV NRPs RVgRiVsV gSNRP! NSs yNRPV INRPxqsLi[xsVV NRPgjisj. BRRV GxmsoxmsLjiFyNRPsVV¿[R xmsoLSLRixxqssVVsNRPV AyLRiVQ\ DFyxqsNRPVNRPV FsLRiNRPVsV xmspRgRiVRVyRV? Bj ryyLRi\sVs xmsosVV ss xqsLi˳sLisj NSRV. Bj LRixxqsQ\sVssV RRV][ ¿xmsVsVV.''

x[soRV BV ¿|mssV. ""BRRV xmspLRi*ssVVs Rs "H' "H' @s zmsVRVRVLiTyRV. RsFsosxmsRV NRPWR BRRV A RVORPQLRi sVVss[ DRLjiLiRVRVLisV. xmsoLRixqsVLiRLkisVLiRsVVsNRPV "HsV' sVVR dORPQLRisVV, yss BRRV LiRVLRizRsVVgS "H' @s DRLjiLiRVRVLisV A xmsosZaP[xtsQsVV¿[Rs[ LiVVRsNTP @NSsVVss[ C ssVVs A sV[s xqs*xmssVVs RLRi+s sVVxqsLigjisj. ygRi骫sdsVVsV xmspLRi*ssVVs DRLjiLiRV RVLiTs }RVso¿[Rs[ LiVVRRV CssVVs xqs*xmssVVsLiRV RLRi+ssVVxqsLigjis RWLiNRPsV sRsVV\s xmsRLiRsVV][ sV[ xLRisVV\s ˳تssVV][ RLi][RsVVgRi xqsVLixmsgRilgisV. BRRV A RVORPQLRisVVsV DRLjiLiRVsxmsVRV @LiVV[LiR VRV. @LiRVss @j [dssVLiRsVV dORPQLRisVV @sV؃ssVV BRsNTP[RV. @؃ssVV][ @LiRVNRPsVVgS DRLjiLiRVRVLiTs }RVso¿[R C ssVVs BRRV xmsRsVV][ [ss xqsVLixmsgRigjissV AxmsRsVV sLS᪫sVVsNRPV sVW\sVs RLiRxqsV=xmsLji؃ssVV BRsNTPNRPVgRi[RV. @[ yLRi᪫sVV (Memory) [RV. NSsoss[ LiVVRRV ysV xqs*RVsVVgS LRiLisRWrRsVVs[ NSNRP gRiVLRiVsoss ss xmsoLSLRixxqssVVsV NRPWR sxqsLjiLi¿sV. @LiVVssV xmspLRi*s xmsoxmnssVVgS BxmsVRV gSsLiRVRVLiTs RxmsxqsV=¿[RsV BRRV xmsoLSLRixxqs gRiLiRsVVsNRPV NRPs RVgRiV ss ¿zmss. NSsos BNRP sVLiT BRsNTP gRiVLRiVsoss ssj, ysV xqs*RVsVVgS NRPsj, sWRs[V NSNRP ˳WR˳sxtsQR*QQLRi sWssVV[ xqsLixmnsVssVVV sNRPVRWNRPXRVV sLRissVVV xqs*˳تssVVV Gs \VssV xqsLjiLisLiRs[ g][RLjiLixmsgRiso; NSsORPQ᪫sVVV aSxqsQsZaP[xtsQsVVV AsaRPNRPsVV\s ssRVV ˳zqsLixmsgRiso. BLiRsVNRPVsV xmsoLSLRixxqssVV gRiLiRsVVgS LRiWF~LiR[RV. @j CRs¿[R gRiLiRsVVgS sR\sV LjiyRVsxqsLizRgS xmszqsRsVV NSgRiRV. ZaP[xtsQ\sVs LiVWLiVV xqssVVsV ssVyLjiNTP xmshjiLiRVyLjiNTPs xmsoLSLiNRP xmsxqssVLS gRiVsV. yLRiy! Bj xqsLRi*s؃ssVVsNRPV ryLRisVV. kss xmshjiLisgSs Fsss \ZNPssV s؃ssVV xqssVgRisVV NSRV.''

zmssV xmsLRis[VztsQ xqsVs[VRVs][ BssV. ""NRPVsWLS! ysW ssVsVV. dsNRPV xqsLRi*sVV xqsVLjiLiRVsV. ˳LRisLSsVVs }qssLi F~Lijs sVLiRkORPQss xmsoLS[s xqs*xmssVVs dsNRPV RLRi+s sVVxqsLigjis xqsss[aRPsVV][ gRiLiRsVVsV ALRiLiճLixmsosVV. dsso LRiLiRV sVVRV |mssRLRiVyR sxtsQRV sVLiRRVV dsNRPV NRPsVsVVgS g][RLjiLiRVsV jssVVsNRPV yVgRiV @yRVsVV]xmsVs sVVxmsj RWVjssVV[ kss xmspLjigSsLixmsosVV. Bj sWRQLiRsVV ؃s LiRsVV RLSLiRsVV @sV sVWRVLiRsVV][ xmsLiLiRVs[ a][NRPsVV][ LRiWF~LiRVsV.''

BV xqsVs[VRVs A[bPLi RRVLRiVVRV yLRiRVs][, ""CRVRVR\sVs gRiLiRsVVsNRPV BRRV sVVRsNRP. dsso sVVR a][Rso'' @s ¿zms yLjiR xmspRV\ @LiRLSssVV LisV. yLRiRVRV xqsVs[VRVs¿[ xmspRV\ sRFVsV. yLjiLRiVsoLRiV sRFLiVVsLiRs[ sVRVryLigRiRsVV gRiRFVss xqsVs[VRVRV N]Li¿sVV NRPRLij s[gRisdsjNTP FLiVV rysxqsLi yjsRV sLRi*QQLjiLi $dsVyOUPQxqsVLiRlLi[aRP*LRiVsV gRixmss xmspLi gRiVLRiV[soRgRiV ˳LRisLSsVVs xmsLRisVgRiVLRiVsogRiV Ry[RVsVsxtsvxmsLRis[VaRP*LRiVsV xqsLjiLi xqs*LRixmsjdsdLRisVVs gRiLiRLRiRssVVsV ALRiLiճLi¿sV. ""JLi ssVM NSLRi؃sLiR xXkNSaRPgS'' @s sVVRV|ms, ""ry ˳##s[Qxmso\lLis{sV'' @s RVRRV gRiLiRsVVsV sVVgjiLi¿sV. JLiNSLRisVV bPsxms᪫ssVsV {LiNSLRisVV aRPNTP xms᪫ssVV. bPsxms᪫ssVV][ @LRiLi˳##\sV aRPNTP xms᪫ssVV][ sVVgjizqs lLiLiRV xms᪫ssVV sVRsVVs sR\sVRVVs LiVWgRiLiRsVV xmsتsRNRP sVVsV.

zmsRxms NRPyRV yLRiRsVxL<ji xqsVs[VRVs RWRs¿胫sV. xqsVs[VRVRV ARVsNRPV FsRVlLi[gji xmssV @QLRiFyyRV][ xmspLi ¿[RVV [TLi LiVVssV. ""[sL<ki! ds RVsVgRixsVV¿[R xqsLRi*sVV RNRPgS zqsN]Lis. xmsLRis[VztsQ sLisV xmsoLSLRixxqssVVsV xmspLji VVsLji輽s. s[sV dsNRPV bPxtsvRsV BLiNRP s[sV GsV ¿[RVsRVV[ AzmsLixmsosVV. sVRVR \ss dsNRPXxms¿[Rs[ NRPy yNRPV Cs؃ssVVNRPgjisj.'' BV xmsVNRPVRV xqsVs[VRRV ryuyLigRisVVgS xmssVsV. yLRiRVRRss [skzqs gSRsVVgRi N_gjiLiRVN]s BssV. ""LjiyRVs! dsso RsVR \ss xmsoLSFyR˳NTP ss dsNRPV B s؃sxqsLixms NRPgjisj. NSsoss[ dsso xmsoLSLRixxqssVVsV LRiLixmsgRigjis. AgRiLiRsVVsV ssVZNP[ s[sV dsRgRiLRiNRPV s輽s yNRPV ysRVLiRV aRPR NRPRV. NSsos yNRPV yss xqssVgRisVVgS sszmsLixmsosVV'' AsWsV ss xqsVs[VRVRV xmsoLS[ss xqsLjiLi NRPsVV AsLiyaRPVso][ sLiRVRVLiR gRiRRNRPLihRisVV][ AsVxL<ji][ sssV, ""sVxL<ki! dsso x xmsoRVRso; xqsLRi*نRso. bPxtsvssLiyR\ss yss NRPWR dsso ssg][LRiVRVyss][ sVRVV zmssVR FsLiR yR=sVV NRPgjiRVVLiRVL][ sQQNRP sVgRiVRVsj. sWR=LRiLRizRV\ VLRisVLiT NRPWR xqsV˳ztsQRsVVsV ssg][LRiVRVLiRV xqssVNRPV xqsxsVV. BLiNRP @sVX][xmssWs\sVs xmsoLSLRixxqssVVsVgRiWLji ¿xmsszqss [sVVsj? sVFyRRVLi RVssV sV FyRRVLi RVssV yOSQxmnssVVsNRPV sWRVLRisVVs ˳[RsVV NRPVgRiRV. NSsos xsRssVV ssVxqsLjiLi dsRWsV bPLRiryszLi xmsoLSLRixxqssVVsV sVsLiVVLRiVsoLji xqsLiyRLRiWxmssVVgS ¿xmsVRVysV. ssVsVV.

xxmsoRVRV ˳XgRiVso. ARVsNRPV RssVRV sLi¿sV. AsVxL<jiss VVdNRPVRV DRsLi¿sV. gSjLS Rs xmsoNRP\Vs xqsRss VVdNRPVs N]xqsLigji RsNRPV xmsoRVRV NRPVgRiVsV @sVgRizLixmso sVs FyLjiLi¿sV. ARVs RxmsaRP+QQNTP ¿[R xqsRsN]NRPV x[MxmspLRiQ\sVs VVNRPFyRVxqssVVsV, AsVRN]NRPV OSQQR[MxmspLRiQ\sVs sVṸVVNRP FyRVxqssVVsV sLjiLi¿sV. xqsRs N]xqsLigRiNTPsFyRVxqssVV @jNRPaRPNTPsVLiR\sV RVVLiRVss AsV R, gSjLSxms, xmsoNRPNRPV RVNRPVLiR AsVFyRVxqssVV ysV \lgiN]s Rs FyRVxqssVVsV AsVNRPV B¿胫sV. VVdNRPVRV Bj VLigji, "dsNRPV NSLiRNRPV\s sVLS, dsVRVsVNRPV xL<jiRVV sLiRVLRiV" @s xqsRsNTP ¿|mssV. AsV ճsVLS\ Rs NRPVsWLRiVRV ORPQQRVxqs*˳تsoRV NSNRPVLiRVsV ¿[RVV sVs ˳LRisV FyLjiLi¿sV. ARVs xmsxqssVQQ\, "@LiVVs][ dsNRPVsWLRiVRV aSLiRV[ @gRiVsV. @LiVVssV ysxmsoRVRV xqsLRi*QORPQQRWLiRNRPV\s sVLS NSNRP RxmsRV" @s xmsZNPsV RLRiVyR N]LiRNSsVVsLRiNRPV xqsRsNTP sVRgji, AsVRNTP saS*sVRRVsV sLiLji. sVRgjiNTP xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVRV NRPlgisV. FyRVxqssVVxms˳تssVV¿[R saS*sVRVRV xL<ji NSgS, xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVRV ORPQQRWLiRNRPV\s sVLSVsV. ARVs $LSsVRLiRVs¿[ xmsLSRV\ sVgRiV slLi[*RsVV][ LjigjisRVRV sWLRisVRsVVs xqsLisLRiVs gSLi, "xqsLiryLRiRVM{msTRVR\ss yNRPV RRV][ aRPV˳sWLRisVVsV RWxmsosVV" @s FyLjiLi¿sV. ARVs ARRRQ*sVVsV xqsLigRixsVVgS ¿zms, "Bj xmsoLS[sVVNRP @sVgRixsVV¿[ Rs[ RNRPgS [RxmsRVsV. dsso @LiRV\ZNP gRiVLRiVsxmsLRiVQ\s Ry[RVVs AaRPLiVVLixmsosVV" @s @[bPLi¿sV. sLis[ ˳LRisLS

sVVRV Ry[RVVs aRPLRiV¿胫sV. ARVs ˳LRisosNRPV xmsoLSsWxRQsVVsV [jLi sVLiRkORPQ xqsLilgisV. ˳LRisoRV xmsLiLiRVxqsLisR=LRisVVV xmsoLS[s sVFyzqsLi zqsjs F~Lijs RLRiVyR RR gRiVLRiVso ARVsNRPV ARRRQ*sVVsV [dsRLSsyssVVsV Dxms[bPLi¿sV.

BV ˳gRisLiRVRgRiV RR[RVVRV ˳LRisosNRPV Dxms[bPLisxmsNSLRisVVs xqsVs[VRVRV yLRiRsVxL<jiNTP xmsoLSLRixxqssVVsV ¿|mssV. zmssV xmsoLSLRixxqssVV gRiVLRiVbPxtsvxmsLRiLixmsLRi][ [NRPsVVs xmszqsRsVVsV .

\|mssXyLiRsVVsV gRisVsLis][ [NRPsVVs s[jRVV RWRXNRPsVVgS (Accidental) xqsLi˳sLixms Rs, RgjisLiR NSLRirysVgji [NRPVLiR NSLRisVV xmso Rs, (There can be no effect without sufficient cause) xqsxtsQsVgRiVRVsj. INRPRV rysWsVQ\ RVVLiT ORPQN]j RssVV yLjiLiRV, s[NRPRV rysWsVVsV xqsLiFyjLiRV, sVṸVVNRPRV ARyLRi䪫sVVgS sVRVs sVgRiLiRsVVsV LRiLiRV sVVRgRiV xqsLixmnsVssVV sRVV RgjisLiR NSLRi᪫sVV VsxmsV[ xqsLi˳sLiRVss RWRXNRPsVVgS xqsLi˳sLixms ss xqsxtsQsVVgS gRizLixmsszqsRVVsj BxmsVRV RgjisLiR ryRs xqsLixms yLjiRVLiRV NRPsLixmsNRPVs][ yLRiV xmspLRi*s[ @ ryRssVVsV xqsLiFyjLiRVVLiT LRis RVWzLixmss. yLRiyjsVxL<RiVV s[[VLiRV RxmsxqsV=V ¿[zqsLji. yLjiRXztsQ][ RWsxmsVRV xqsVs[VRVRV gSsLisRxmsxqsV= @s[V. NSs @RsNTP CRVVs NRPVgRiVNRPV Cs[ @RRV ¿[zqssRxmsxqsV= sWRs[V NSLRi᪫sVV NSRV. @s[NRP sxmsosVVsNRPV xmnssVVgS @RRV [ds˳NRPVQ\s xqsVsVLiRVsNRPV @LRiV䆲RVgS sLi @ճLiRVNRP\sVs dORPQLRisVVsV @؃ssVV][ \sssV zmsLisVgS DRLjiLiRVRVLisV. sVsVxtsQssVVsNRPV NSLRi\sVs NRPLRiRVLiRV xmsosVV][ FyxmssVV NRPzqs[V RVVLiRVsV. @LiRVss INSNRP FyxmsFyLRisVV xms\sV xmsoxmnssVVsV ssVNRPNRPV ssj. @LiRVss @LiVVLi[LiR FyRVsVVss[ @LRiV䆲RV yj¿[ {msTRV\ sVLRi¿sV @LiR][ AFyxmsFyLRisVV OUPQLi xmsoxmnssVV \|msNTPs @RRV LjiyRVsVRVgS sLi ˳gRisLiRV\s ˳LRisosNRPV bPxtsvQ\, xmspLRi*s[s N]ᆻR dLRiVsVgS, $sRsV RVysjgS Dxms[aRPsVVsV F~Lij [dsxmsryRsVVsNRPV FyRVRVsV. "Wgji @s[NRPs[ xqsLizqsRV\ zmssV xmsLRisVgRis F~LiRVsV" @s gkiRRVLiRV ˳gRisLiRVRV ¿xmssxqsWNTPNTP xqsVs[VRVs sXyLiRsVV RNRPs RXuyLiRsVVgS sVsj. @Li[ NSRV. @LRiQ\sVssV NSNRPVssV LSsWRVصRV\s DRsVgRiLiRsVVsV ssVRV xmshjiLiRVRVs][ A gRiLiRsVV[s RVORPQLRixqsLixmsoVVNRP xms˳تssVV¿[Rs[ sVxms˳تssVV NRPVgRiVss gRizLixmsszqsRVVsj. xqsVLiRLRiNSLiRFyLSRV᪫sVV sVVRgRiVss LiVVs[.

Cs[ NRPVgRiVRVs xmnszqsjNTP Cs[ ¿[zqssryRssVV[ NSLRi᪫sVV NSRV @sVNRPV xmsLRiaRPVLSsVsaS*sVRV sXyLiRsVVV NRPWR RXuyLiRsVV[. xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVRV bPsos @LSjLi RsVLji*RRVLiRV FyLRiLigRiRV\ ORPQQRVsLRiWssVV gSsLi sVLS\ RVRNRPV sVWgji RVVsV. ksNRPLiRNRPVsV VVNRPsVxL<ji RxmsaRP+QQNTP¿[ sLjiLis FyRVxqssVVVVNRP xms˳تss[V xmsysNSLRi᪫sVV. xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVRV NSsLis sy˳xqssVV sLRi*zLis RVRWgRisVVV kORPQ][ ¿[zqss [dsRVVFyxqsssVV gRiVLRiVaRPVaRPWxtsQ sVVRgRiVss RVsRVV A FyRVxqsxms˳تssVVsV @ճsQQNRP sVVsLjiLiRVZNP[ (Manifest) ryRssVV VsV. @[ saS*sVRVsNRPV xL<jiR*sVV NRPVgRiVNRPV NRPWR FyRVxqsxms˳تss[V xmsysNSLRi᪫sVV. ARVs NSsLis Rxmsxqs=LiRRVV A xms˳تssVVsNRPV zqsj NRPgjiLiRV[ @sVxtsQLigjiNRP\sVs NSLRi᮪s[V (Attendant cause) @LiVVsj @R xqsxtsQsVV. AFyRVxqssVVVVNRP xms˳تss[V [NRPVs][ ZNP[s\sVs RxmsxqsV=¿[R ARVs xL<jiRVgRiV RVLRisVV. Bj ؃sLiRsVVs gRiLiR\ZaPssVVsLiR RLigRiVssXyLiRsVVss NRPWR sQQNRP sVgRiVRVsj.

sWLRiLi[RVsVxL<ji x[NRPsVVsNRPV FLiVV xqsLRi*s؃ssVVsNRPV ryLRis[Vj @s @s[NRPVsV @RVgRiV, yLRiLiRVsV RsVNRPV @ճsVRsVV\s zqsyLiRsVVsV ճsճssVVgS ¿xmsV, ARVsNRPV AsxtsQRVsVVs saRPRVsVV NRPVRVLRiNRP x[sos xmsbPLiRV gRisVsLixmsRgjiRVVsj. x[NRPsVVsNRPV FLiVVssV ARRRQ*sVVs @LiRNRPVsV sbPR\sVs ؃ssVV DLiR RsV xqsxtsQsVV. C [NRPsVVs ARryOSQyLRisVV LijsyLRiV BNRPRs[ sVVNRPVgRiVRVLRiV. yLRiV G[NRPsVVsNRPVsV FLRiV. C[NRPsVVs AR؃ssVVsV F~LiRNRP DFyxqssV RxmsxqsV=V ¿[zqssyLRiV x[NRPsVVsNRPV FsoRVLRiV. xqsNRP s؃ssVVsNRPV ryLRi s[Vj? @s yLjis xmsbPLis][ y LRiLiRNRPVxmspLRi*sVV G[V DFyxqssV ZaP[xtsQsVVs saRPLiVVLiRVN]s ryjLiL][ @RVVFyxqsysxtsQRVsVVs[ xqsLRi*ZaP[xtsQsVVsVgS sLjiLi ¿xmsVRVLRiV. @LiRVss sWLRiLi[RVVsNRPV saRPRVsVV GLRiRNRP x[sos[ @TlgisV. ؃sLiRsVVs sygkiRRVLiRV NRPWR B xqsRLRi鮪s[V RVVsj.

\|ms sXyLiRsVV ssVxqsLjiLi LjiyRVsVRV sVVxmsjRWVjssVV[ jssVVsNRPV yVgRiyRVsVV ]xmsVs sVVRsVV sWsVsjyVgRiV @yRVsVVV LRiLi¿ssV xqsxtsQsVV. BxmsVRV ˳sVgRiVRVs gRiLiRsVVsLiRV sVRQLiRsVVs FssVjRVyRVsVVV 6687 a][NRPsVV Vss. ؃sLiRsVVs BLjisjlLiLiRV @yRVsVV[ 2163 a][NRPsVV Vss. RLSLiRsVV NRPsLiRV[RV. ysRVLiRV sVsjlLiLiRV @yRVsVVV 3150 a][NRPsVVsV DLiRs. sWRQLiRsVVsV ryLiWgRiaSryQyLRiVV xmsLiTR $ sVVNRPVLiRaSzqsQsVx[RRVVV xqsLia][jLixmsgS ryzyyLRiVV xmsLiTR $ yLSRVaS{qsQ}qs sVaRPRVV ˳WsVNRP][ @yRWsVNRPsVNRP][ NTP.aRP. 1932[ yLRizqs _Li xqsLixqsQXRxmsNSaRPyRVsVVs NSbdPxqsLixqsQXR xmsoxqsNRPsWRVLiRV xmsoLS[xqss˳gRisVVs xmsRsVxmsoxtsQsVVsVgS xmsNRPLiLji. $}qssVaRPRVVV ˳WsVNRPRVLiRV, "sVVRsVLiT sVsjRVyRVsVV sNRPVsVgRi RLSLiRsVV INSNRP $s][FyxqsNRPVs gRiXxsVVsLiRVs Rs sLis. NSs BLiRsNRPVsV s[sV yss RWRV RzqsLixms[RV" @s ¿zmsLji. xmsLjia][RNRPVV xmsRVLis][ @j ˳sVV NSsRV胫sV. CsWRQLiRsVV[s xmsysNRPRV xqsLiOTPQxmsNRPsVsVVs LiRxmsoLS᪫sVV[s RVVRLRiLiRsVVsLiR ][FyssVVsLiRV OUPQQRLiRsVVsLiRV ¿xmsT RVsss $sysZaP[xtsQsVV xmsoL][xmssxtsQRVsLiRV sLRiWzmsLixmsTs ss¿xmsVRV $}qssVaRPRVVV CgRiLiRsVVVVNRP xmszqsjs gRiWLji BV ¿zmsLji. "FydsgRiLiRsVVRVLiRV CxmsoLSLRixxqssVV FsR\sssV }msL]䃫sTRVVs [sW @s @s[*ztsQLiRVRV s[sV FsRsV BxmsryssVVsV NSLiR\ss. xxqsWRsVVLiRV "@zmsRxqsLRi[" @sVxqsWRsVVsNRPV $aRPLiNRPLRi ˳gRisyRVyLRiV LRiLis ˳xtsQsVVsV, "xqsLisLRiVRV sVVRgRiVyLjiRVLiRV sgRisVVgS RLjiLiRV sVVR\s sLRissVV NRPsLiRVRVLiRVss AaRPsVNRPLRisV @}msOTPQLixmssyLRiV NRPWR sVxg][WgRiV\ RVVLiRsRV ss BxqssVV sLiRV xqsLjiLixmsRVRVsj'' @s xqsLisLRiVs sxtsQRVsVV }msL]䃫sTRVVsj. xqsLisLRiVRV @V sgRiVRVgS NRPsLiRV xmsoLSLRixxqssVVsLi[ xmsrysLixmsTRVVsj. gRiLiRsVVsV }msL]䃫s NRPVssV @LiRNRPRsV xmsrysLiRV¿[ ˳gRisyRVyLRiV xmsoLSLRixxqssVVsV FysWNRPgRiLiRsVVsVgS @LigkiNRPLjiLiLRis ][RVRVsj"

؃sLiRsVVsNRPV sVxL<jiRVVQ\s $syxqsxmsLiTRVRV yRLRikzmsNRP RVsVysV NRPRVVgRisR=LRisVV 4932[ (NTP.aRP. 1831) xqssVgRisVVgS LRiLi¿sV. ARVs ROTPQ᮵[aRPsVVs sVxmsoxtsQLRi gSsVsyzqs\Vs \sRyRkOTPQRVsNRPVsWLRiVLiRV. CyssV][ ؃sLiRsVVsV xqsLia][jLi NSbPNSLSNUPRVFyhRiaSxmsyyyQORPVV $ g][zmsyRNRPsLSsVx[RRVVV sxmso\sVs RVVFyRsVV][ 1925[ ""zmss= Amns s[= xqsLRixqs*d˳ss {qsLkiqs'' @sV xmsoxqsNRPsWRVLiRV yVgRiV˳gRisVVVgS xmsNRPLiLji. $syxqsxmsLiTRVRV RNTP䃫s lLiLiRVLiRsVVNRPV yRLRikzmsNRPsV LRiLi¿[ [][ RVRV.

[sNTP xmsoLRi @sV}msLRiV FsV NRPgjis RsVsxtsQRVsVV gRiLiRsVVsLiRV FsNRPRsV xqsxtsQsVVgRi ssLjiLixmsR[RV. sygkiRxqsLiRLRi骫sVVs $syxqsxmsLiTRVRV ""xmsoLRixqsVLiRLRiLRiWxmssVVsV sLRi*LiRVRV, gRiRaRP xqs*xmssVV xqsVxtsvzms @sVsVWRVxmsoLRisVVLiRV szqsVRV xqsLRi*sVNRPV @ճxtsQRV sVgRiV¿[ [sVVNRP LRiWxmssVV xmsoLRixqsVLiRLRi sVgRiVRVsj. (xtsv xmsolLi[xtsv ysVxqsV gRiR=Q*xms xqsVxtsvzms LRiW}msxtsv xqsVLiRLRiLi xqsLRi*xqsQXxRVy*`)'' @s ssLjiLi¿sV. @sLigS A sVWRVRaRPNRPV ryOTPQgS sVsRVVLiRVsRWRQ\¿Rss[V xmsoLRi xqsVLiRLji RVs xqsxtsQsVgRiVRVsj. sVV RsssVV sVVRgRiVys ss[ gRiR=Q*xms xqsVxtsvxmsoV NRPWR NSsaRPsVVs ssLRisVVsLiRV GLRiRVRVsRaRPV. dsss xmsoLRisVVsVgS ¿xmsV xmszqsRsVVgS [RV. aRPLkiLRisVVsV xmsoLRisVVsVgS ¿xmsV xmszqsRsVVgS sVsj. ˳gRisLiRVLiRV gkiRRVLiRV aRPLkiLRisVVsV ssy*LRisVVVgRi xmsoLRisVVsVgS ¿|mssV. (ssy*LRixmsolLi[ [{ \ss NRPVLRi*s s NSLRiRVs) sV¿[ xmspLjiLixmsRVxms[aRPsVVV xmsoLRisVVV (\sM xmspLRis[ B xmsoLS). @[ xqsVRVMNSRV¿[R xmspLjiLixmsLiRVRVs aRPLkiLRisVVsV NRPWR xmsoLRisVV s ¿xmssRV胫sV. NSsos xqsWxqsWORPQQNSLRi aRPLkiLRisVVV @sV xmsoLRisVVV GRWRaRPNTPNTP NRP[ ARWRaRPNTP򹸅[V xmsoLRi @s ¿xmsV xqssVLixqssVV. (d xmsoLS RVryM ry xmsoLS). LS RsxmsoLRisVV [ FssLiRVLiRV xmsLRiLiRVRVssV @Rs xqs*LRiWxmsxqs*˳تssVVLiRV sWLRiV FsV DLiR][, @[ C sVWRVaRPLkiLRisVVLiRV yzmsLiRVVs RWRaRPNTPQ\Vs xmsoLRi GNRPLRiWxmssVVgRis[ RVVLiRVsV.

 

sV xmsoLSaRPNTP soaRPLkiLRisVVLiRV sWRs[V yzmsLiRVVsy? A [s saS*NRP NRPy! LjiyRVsVsNRPV xmsoLSaRPsVVsV BV xmsLjisVR\sVs RVLRisVVs gRizLiRV BxtsQsVV NSRV. LiNRP xqs*xmssVVs RLRi+ssVVxqsLigjisxmsVRV ARVs AsVsV xqsVLiRVRV xmsoLSaRPsVVsV BV xqsLiOTPQxmssVVgS sLRi*Li¿sV. ""sVWRV sVWRV NRPsVsVV¿[R DxqssVVsV F~LiRVRVs sxqsVsoVVNRP xmspLRi*zqsgRi dsso FsLiRVss @gRiVRVy[ @LiRVss RVNRPV xmsLRisV\sVs RWaRPRV sVgRiVRV [NRPsVVsLiRV xmsoLRi @s ¿xmsTs. ''

a][ee [ZNP[ NRPsWzqssxqsVxmspLRi*zqs LRiRM e

xmsolLi[ RRM FNS kyLi xmsLSaRPRWee 62

sWRQLiRsVV c xmsRsWyRVsVV.

kss BV gRizLixmssRV胫sV. sxqsV ssgS AR @j xqsXztsQNTP DsVsVLiVVsxmsVRV sVVR GLRiVRVzqs sxqsVxmspLRi*zqs. ARRVLiRV ysVVNRP aRPNTPQ\VssWRV ysNRPs ճssVVgS sVsV g][RLjiLiRV[V ARVVNRP xmspLRi*zqs [NRP xmsRsVzqs. A sWRWaRPNTP xqsXuyLRiLi˳RaRPRVLiRV sVWRV sVWRVgS xmsyLRisVVsV ˳zqsLixms[zqs ysRVLiRV sLjiLiRVRVsVgS NUPTLiRVRVLiRVsV. @LiRVss AsWRWaRPNTP sxqsVxmspLRi*zqsRVV NRPsWzqssRVV @gRiVRVsj. NRPsWzqss RVVgRiV¿[ AsV xmsoLRi RVs¿xmsRVRVsj. NRPsV sVsgS xmsxqsLRi᪫sVV [NRP xmss[aRPsVV. ""gRiRVsV xqsXztsQLi AR ysRVLiRV ys[ xmss[bPLi¿sV'' (RR=QXuy* R[ysVFysaRP`) @s aRPV ¿xmsVRVsj. sVW[zqsgS xmsyLRisVVV ˳zqsLiRVRVLiRV sztsQgS (Individually) xqssVztsQgS (Universally) @s[NRPsRsVVVgS sVsj sztsQRVLiRV so[ xqsWxqsWORPQQNSLRiaRPLkiLRisVVV FsVs[ @[ xqssVztsQRVLiRV sLSVVVNRP aRPLkiLRisVV zLRigRiLRiaRPLkiLRisVV @yNRPXRaRPLkiLRisVV NRPso. RLRiVyR xsxtsvsV}aRP*LRiVVVNRP xqsLRixqs*dOUPQQ FyLRi*RVVVNRP aRPLkiLRisVVV NRPWR GLRiRVRVss. sWRQLiRsVV[ xmsoLS[s dsLjis xqsXztsQLi saRP* xmsLjiFys\ZNP (Administration of the Universe) @jNSLRixmsRsoRVLiRV sVxmso sLjiLixmsTRVVsj. NSsos xqsXztsQs NUPysWRsVVgRi LRiVxmsoRVs RWxmsLSaRPNTP sVVR sVW[zqs sVW[zqs xmsyLRisVVsV ˳zqsLixms[zqs @s xmsoLRisVVVgS ysRVLiRV sxLjiLiRVRV DxqssVVsV F~LiRVRV NRPLRisWzqss\V xmsoLRi RVs [NRPsVVs NUPLjiLixmsRVRVsj. kss xqsLixqsQXRsVVs BV ssLjiLixmssRV胫sV. ""sxqsVsM ARsM xmspLS* xmsRsW zqsM sxqsVxmspLRi*zqsM ARsM xqsXxtsvsV[* RRճyRWM sWRWRWM @ճsQQNTPM xmsRsWzqsM ry R NRPsWzqsds c ճM ճM NRP\sVM xqsWxqsWORPQQ NSLRi aRPLkilLi[xtsv sLSTLRigRiLSyNRPXRsVWLjixtsv xsxtsvsV}aRP*LRi yOUPQQ FyLRi*dLRiW}msxtsv R NRP\sVM NRPsV\M xmsxqsLRi\M Dxqsd NRPsWzqsdse NRPsWzqsds R @r sxqsVxmspLRi*zqs aRP NRPsWzqs sxqsV spLRi*zqsM RVRM R*Li NRPsWzqssxqsVspLRi*zqsM @zqs RRM kyLi xmsLSaRPRW xmsoLS B [ZNP[ xmsNUPLRiy''

AxmsoLS[sNTP xqsLiLijLiss؃s sVLiRRVV LRixxqss[V. gRiVLRiVsoV WgRiVQ\s bPxtsvNRPV GNSLiRsVVsLiRV [jLiRVsj LRixxqssVV. s؃ssVV, s[ aSxqsQxmsLji؃ssVVs xqsLRi*sVNRPV ˳sVV NSsRVVsV gSs LRixxqssVVgS sVLiRV [VsV? gRiVLRiVsoV N]LiRNRPV A s؃ssVVsV [jLi sV N]LiRძsV @؃ssVV[ DLiRV xmsORPQFyRsVV NSy? sygRix᪫sVVsNRPV bPxtsvsRVLiRV @jNSLRisVV [NRP @L>RiR (Qualification) sVVsVV. @j s[iRV NRPWR s؃ssxtsQRVsVVLiRV @sLiLixmsRVRVs[ RVVsj. Fs[ [VLiRV sy˳xqs sVVsLji Fs[ xmsLkiORPQ[ DRsVZaP[[ DdLRiV\s syLRiVZNP[ CyRV NRPWR DsRaSxqsQ[RsNRPORPQQ[(M.Sc, M.s. etc) xmss[aRPsVV ճLiRVRVsj rysWssyLRiVNRPV xmss[aRPsVV xqsLigRiLRiV. FsLiRVss? As؃ssVVsV RNRPgS gRizLixmsgRigjis rysVLRiQsVV yLjiNTP DLiRRV. Fss\lLissV y NRPVRWxsVV][ sWNRPV AaSxqsQ[RsNRPORPQQ[ (Post Graduate classes of sciences) xmss[aRPsVVsV NRPgjiLixmso Rs][, ysNTP RgjisRVL>RiRsV sVVLiRVgS xqsLiFyjLiRVN]sV Rs[V ¿xmsVRVyLRiV. @V @L>RiRsV xqsLiFyjLiRVN]syLjis ANRPORPQQ[ ¿[LRiVN]s [jLiRVRVs[ RVVyLRiV. A NRPORPQQ[ NRPWR N]LiRV syLRiVV xms[NRPsVVgS AyLRiVsV NRPzqsN]s (Meeting the professors privately) ARWaSxqsQsVV[s sZaP[xtsQsVVsV zqsN]sVRVLiRVRVV xmszqsRs[V. sV RNTP䃫s syLRiVNRPV A sZaP[xtsQsVVsV [jLixms sNRP [y? yLjiNTPs NRPVRWxsVV gRizLixmsgRigjis rysVLRiQsVV NRPgjisxmsVRV [jLiRVLRiV. syLjiVVNRP @L>RiRsV [jLiRV gRiVLRiVsosNRPV sVVORPQ᪫sVV. @V gSNRP @ssxtsQRVsVVsV @LiRVNRPVsV [jLiRVss N]LiRNRPV A sZaP[xtsQsVVV [RxmsRNRP sLRiVy=xsVV slLi[*RsVV NRPVgRisRV胫sV [y RxmsVgS @LRisVV ¿[zqsN]s][ ؃sLiRsVV[s NRPVsVssXyLiRsVVsLiRVs ˳LigRiFyV NRPVgRisRV胫sV. NSsoss[ xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVsNRPV NRPWR xqsLisLRiVRV NSs Ry[RVVRV NSs @TgjisxqsLi[xsVVNRPV sLis[ xqssWyssVVsV ¿xms[RV. xmsLiLi[LiRV xmsoLS[s sVFyzqsLis RLRiVyR Ry[RVVRV xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVsNRPV AR؃ssVVsV xqssZaP[xtsQsVVgS sVxms[bPLi¿sV. @[ xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVRV NRPWR xqsVs[VRVsNRPV xmsRVyVxqsLisR=LRisVVV aRPVaRPWxtsQ ¿[zqssRLRiVyR تsVLiRsVV sVxms[bPLi, ysRVVLiRV zqsjs F~LijsRLRiVyRs[ xmsoLSLRixxqssVVsV Dxms[bPLi¿sV.

CgRiLiRsVVsV ˳gRiys $LRisV᪫sVxL<RiVyLRiV ryRNRPVNRPV @RLi][xmsNSLRiNRP\sVsyssgS xmsaRPLizqsLiRVRV BLiR NRPRsV sxtsQRVsVVsV RRVgS xmsrysLiRVRVLiTLji. NRPVLSsVVs $zqs[aRP*Lki{mshRisVVsNRPV xmsRsV{mshSjxmsRV\s gRiRVLRiVsoV $$$ssV؃sLiR˳LRidry*sVyLRiV NRPWR CgRiLiRsVV[s sxtsQRVsVVsV sVNTP ARLRisVV][ bPxtsvNRPV [jLiRVRVLiTLji. sWsRVLiNRPVV ssV؃sLiR˳LRid xmsNSxqsLiFyRNRPVV $NSLRiVsVLi N]LiRLSsogSLRiV LRiNSsVV $ry*sVyLjiVVR aRPVaRPWxtsQ gSsLiLji. yLRiV CgRiLiRsVVsVgRiWLji xmsrysLiRVRV, ""xmsoLSLRixxqssVV ˳gRiskRNRPssV ryRNRPVNRPV sVgRiV xqsV˳sVV DxmsWgRiNRPLRisVV s ][RVRVsj'' @s ¿zmsLji. lLiLiRV gRiLiRsVV xmsRs xmsLjibdPLis][ CsW ss[V RVszmsLiRVsV. @LRiVsVRV Fs[ xmsaRPsV @RVgRigS ˳gRisLiRV [ sxtsQRVsVVsV ssLjiLi¿sV. ARVs DxmssxtsQRVV @sV g][sosVLiT FysV zmsNTPsVgS RRQ*sxtsQRVsVVsV |msNTPLis gRizLi @RVRsVVgS [jLi¿sV. NSs yss ss RsVyR @LRiVsVRV yssgRiWLji sVsssVV sjyxqsssVV gSsLixms[RV sLis[ @RRV RVVRsVV ¿[RVszqss¿胫sV. zmssV RLRi٬s xmsճ}tsQNRPsVV @aRP*s[VRsVV sVVRgRiVss xqsLi˳sLi¿sV. A NSLRisVVs[gRisVV¿[R ysRVLiRVssVgRiVQQ\ $NRPXxtsvRV ¿zmsssxtsQRVsVVsV BLiRVsVLiRVgS sxqsLjiLi¿sV. @V NSNRP A sxtsQRVsVVsVgRiWLji sVsssVV sjyxqsssVV NSsLiRVNRPV @sNSaRPsVV NRPgjiRVVs][ @RsNTP @s[NRPxqsLi[xsVVV NRPgji sVLRi $NRPXxtsvs xmsbPLiRVVLiTyRV. INRPryLji ssLiRsWRsVVs RRQ*sVV sxqs=Li[xsVVgS [RxmsRV RVLRi sVs xqsWLiRVRV ˳gRisLiRVRV, ""RRQ*sVVsV RLji+Lis؃sVV dsNRPV ؃ssVVsV Dxms[bPLixmsgRiLRiV'' (Dxms[ORPQQs [ ؃sLi جss xqsRQ* RLji+sM) @s @LRiVsVsNRPV ¿|mssV. @sgS ysV ¿zmss sxtsQRVsVVsV ss RsVyR @LRiVsVRV AsxtsQRVsVVsVgRiWLji gSRsVVgS LiRs sVVsLji |msRss xqsLi[xsVVsV dLRiVN]sVRV xqsVsbPRsVVgS RRQ*sVVsV zqsN]ssRVV ss (s[yLiR s؃s xqsVsbPyLSM) ARVsRVճFyRVsVV. NSs @LRiVsVs NRPj NRPVRVLRi[RV. ARysxtsQRVsVVsV sVFLiVV sVLRi [jLixmso sVs $NRPXxtsvs FyLjiLi¿sV. @xmsV yRVs sVLRi RRQ*sVVsV xqsLigRixsVVgS [jLi¿sV. CxqsLiyRsVV @sVgkiR @sV}msLRiV][ xmszqsR\sV RVVsj. Bj lLiLiRsryLji @LRiVsVRV gSsLisaRPs᪫sVV. RLRiVyR $NRPXxtsvRV y*LRiNRPNRPV sRFVsV. @LRiVsVRV sVsssjyxqsssVVsV gSsLiRVVLiRsRV胫sV. NSs @RRV GsRsVVgS LiRssVV gSsLi¿[, FsxqsLi[xsVVV NRPlgi[ AxqsLi[xsVVNRPV GsV xqssWyssVVsV F~Li[ gRiLiRsVV[ NRPsLiRV [RV. sV ˳LRisLSsVVssXyLiRsVV BLiRVNRPV ճssVVgS sVsj. @LRiVsVsNRPV NRPgjis suyRsVVNRPssV ˳LRisosNRPV NRPgjisslLi[*RsVV sVgRiV ds\sVsj. RsNRPV Bxtsv\s LiRVsoV gRiVLRiVsoV sVRVV RVVRsVVs sbPLiRV lLi[sW @sV˳تsssss[ (Imagination) @RsNTP suyRsVV NRPlgisV. @j @xmsNTP ExsWRs[V. xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVssxtsQRVsVV @j NSRV. $LSsVVsss ARVs LRiNSsVV RxmsxqsV=¿[zqs ALjiLisxmso[NRPsVV sRVV ORPQNSsVVs RgRisVV\ss. @Li[ NSRV ""ssV sVLis dsLRiVs*LiiRVsV C[NRPsVVs [RV'' @sVgSR\sVs RVճsWssVV NRPWR, zmsRVgRiVxmsTsxmsVRV N]LiRs, gRisVVsV. @xmsVyRVsNRPV NRPgjisslLi[*RsVV RVMsVV BLiR RVs ¿xmsVNRPV dsV[sj. AxmsLjiyxmssVVsV ]gjiLi aSLis NRPgjiLixmso sVs ARVs xqsLisLRiVs FyLjiLi¿sV, xqsLisLRiV RRss RRgRiVLRiVsoRNRPV xmsLi|mssV. RaSLiNTP ryRs\sVs ؃ssVV NSsRVVss][ xmsoLS[s sVryzqsLixmso sVs RRgRiVLRiVso ¿|mssV. @xmsVRV xmsLiLiRVxqsLisR=LRisVVV xmsoLS[s sVFyzqsLi sVLRi gRiVLRiVsoRNRPV s Fs[ sxtsQRVsVVsV xmsbPLi¿sV. AsxtsQRVsVVsVss xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVRV yss gRiWLji sVsssVV gSsLi @xmsVRV NRPgjis xqsLi[xsVVsV sVLRi @TlgisV. @LRiVsVsNRPVs ARVsNRPV sVsssjyxqsssVVNRPV xmsLiRNRPsVV\s NSLRisVVV GsVRVVsV [so. ARVs xqsNRPssLRisVVsV sR gRiVLRiVaRPVaRPWxtsQ ¿[RVVRV ssyss sLis[ sVsssVV ¿[RVVRV sbPR\sVs؃ssVVsV F~LisV. }sVRWRVRV sVVRgRiVyLji sXyLiRsVVRVLiRV NRPWR AR؃ssVVs\ZNP xmsLiRVRVsyLjiNTP ryRsRaRP[ Fss sRsVV\s xqsLi[xsVVV NRPVgRisRV胯[ yss gRiVLRiVsoV FsV ]gjiLi ssR\sVs؃ssVVsV NRPgjiLiRVL][ sVgRiV xqsxtsQsVVgRi sLjiLixmsTRVVsj. @LiRVss CgRiLiRsVV sbPxtsQsVVgS sVsj.

G\sVssV WgRiybPxtsQsVV sVVR\s gRiLiRsVVNRPV NRPgjisLiR xmsyLRisVV ksNTP NRPVgRi [RV. rysWsVV ZNP[ssVV aRPs᪫sVsssVVNRPV DxmsWgjiLiRV gRiLiRsVVsV ARLjiLiRVsV sVLiRsVV RLiRsVV DFyxqssV sVVRgRiVyss gRiWLji ¿xmsVs gRiLiRsVVsV ARLjiLixmsLRiV. yLiNRPxmspsyssVVLiRV AxqsNTP NRPyLRiV @VRVgS sVLiRVLRiV. @yLRiV gRiVLRiVaRPVaRPWxtsQsss[ AsxtsQRVsVVsV gRizLiRVRVLiRVLRiV. CNSLRi᪫sVV¿[Rs[ CgRiLiRsVV[ NRPWR ؃sNRPLiRsVVs NRPVs xmsyLRisVV RNTP䃫sLiRsVVNRPV [RV. RLSLiLiRsVV @RXaRPs[V @LiVVsj. sWRQLiRsVV yNRPV [RVN][RV. ؃sLiRsVV sWRs[V y][ lLiLiRVsVWRV sVVR᪫sVV Lijsj. LjiyRVsVRV sVRVLRi[ CgRiLiRsVVsV LRiLiRVVLiRVss, xmsLRiaRPVLSsVVRVsV sVRVxmsLRi*Rsyzqs RVgRiVss CgRiLiRsVVsNRPV ROTPQ᮵[aRPsVVs xmsyLRisVVLiRV xqsxsVV. NSsoss[ RsR[bdPRVV\s $syxqsLiTRVRV ksNTP y LRiLi¿sV. RsV sVRW NRPLS˳xtsQ[ ksNTP @sVyRsVV Vss[sW RVRV. $LRisV᪫sVxL<RiVyLRiV kss ARLjiLiRVss $LRisVysLiRxqsLRixqs*dry*sVgS xmszqsRV\s $sVVsgS s[LiNRPLSsVRVgSLRiV ؃sLiRsVVsNRPV gSsLisRWLigSsVyRsVVsV $LRisVaRPsVsVVyLRiV 1959[ xmsNRPLiLji. @j RLRiVyR @s[NRPsVVR᪫sVV Lijsj. Bs sVṸVVNRP ALigSsVyRsVV xmsNRPLixmsTsRs sLis. yss s[sV RWR[RV. $LRisV sVxL<ji˳NRPV[ sVVVV RRQ*V xmsLiTRVV ""NRPXxtsQճORPV'' @sV }msLRiV][ xmszqsRVVsV NUPLji ZaP[xtsvVsV @LiVVs $JLRiVgRiLi s[LiNRPNRPXxtsQRVgSLRiV B.A, B.L. ؃sLiRsVVsV xmsa][NSsVyRsVVsV sVgRiVsRssVVs LRiLiLji. $s[RsWRXRLixmsRVRW[aRPsVVs syxmsds. ˳uyxmsds $ܵRss dsLRi˳RaRPLRigSLRiV sxtsQRVsVVV xqsV[RNRPsVVgS [sVVgS sVLiRVLkis \|ms RVsVyRsVVsV xqsLixqsLjiLi ""xqsRyxms˳'' (zqsNTPLiyص`) @sVxmsNRPRVLiRV yLSyzNRPgS xmsNRPLiLji. BLiNRPsV sVṸVVNRP RVsVyRsVV VgRiVs xmsNRPLixms ss sLis.

NUPLji ZaP[xtsvV RLRi䮪s[yLiR syyxmss FyLkiVV, xmspFyRVV x$ ys OUPQQNSLiRaSzqsQgSLji VVR xmsrysRRV ˳xtsQsVVsV aSLi FyhRixmsoLRixqs=LRisVVgS aRPs sVVsLjiLis. yLjiRVsVgRixsVVs NRPgjis N]Li¿sVV s؃ssVV][ CLRiRsNRPV xmspsVN]Lis. |msRV C ryxxqssVVsV sVsLiRVLRiVgSNRP!

RRQ*aSxqsQgRiLiRsVVV ZNP[ssVV @sVyRsVV¿[R xqsV[RsVVV NSso. @LiRVss sWLRiV[s $LRisVxqsR=LigRisVVyLRiV CgRiLiRsVVVVNRP yRLRisVV xqsV˳sVVgS [RxmsRVsV VgRiVs LRiLixmso sVs N][LjiLji. Bj RVsVyRsVV NSRV. sVWsVV[sryLRisVVsV ssLjiLiRVRV yRLRikzmsNRP[s sZaP[xtsQsVVsV BLiRV @RR ¿[Lji輽s. @[ AsaRPNRP sVs ][sxmsVRV N]R RXuyLiRsVVsV NRPWR xqsLigjis xmspLRi*gRiLiRxqs*LRiWxmssVV RVV\ZNP sWRQLiRsVV[sryLRisVVsV xqsLigRixsVVgS {mshjiNRPRVLiRV xqssVNRPWLji輽s. sxtsQRVsVV xqsV˳gRisVVgS [RxmsRV\ZNP xmsosLRiVNRPVsV D}msOTPQLis. LRiRssVVs ˳sVxmssWRsVVV xqsxsVV. @yss |msRV zmss][ xqssLjiLiRVN]LiRVsV. y NUPRVsNSaRPsVV xqsLigjis sWLRiV $LRisVsxqsR=LigRisVV yLjiNTP, sLRiLiRLRisVV CLRiRssVVsNRPV ssV FR=zLiRVRVs xmspV sVRVV\ss $ LRiR[V $LRiLigRiyRsVVgSLjiNTP, kss xmsNRPLiRVRVs $LRisVaRPsVsVV (LRiVsتsV\) yLjiNTPs sVgRiV NRPXRRsV.

""xsyLiNSLRi'' RLRi䮪s[yLiR saSLRiR ""sVx[FyyRV'' ""gRiVLRiVNRPV xqsL][*xmsRxtsQ'' Byj LRiVRsLSRVV x$ sVVjg]LiR s[LiNRPLSsVaSzqsQgSLRiV @TgjisLiRs[ aRPsVRVsVN]sNRP gRiLiRsVV\|ms RRV][ @ճFyRVssVV xqsLigjiLji. yLjiNTP sVgRiV gRiXRR][ @s[NRP xmsتsVsVV LjiLiRVRVysV.

sWLRiV, xqsVks[RVVRV

RVLiRVճ NSLkiNRPaRPVR j*dRV FWLji xsVsV؃sNUPLSsVaRPLRi

VRyLRisVV 17c11c1982.

 

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